1. Business Overview and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
CPI Card Group Inc., (which, together with its subsidiary companies, is referred to herein as “CPI” or the “Company,”) is a payment technology company and leading provider of comprehensive Financial Payment Card solutions in the United States. The Company defines “Financial Payment Cards” as credit, debit and Prepaid Debit Cards issued on the networks of the “Payment Card Brands” (Visa, Mastercard®, American Express® and Discover® in the United States and Interac, in Canada). The Company defines “Prepaid Debit Cards” as debit cards issued on the networks of the Payment Card Brands, but not linked to a traditional bank account. The Company also offers an instant card issuance solution, which provide card issuing bank customers the ability to issue a personalized debit or credit card within the bank branch to individual cardholders.
As a producer and provider of services for Financial Payment Cards, each of the Company’s secure facilities must be compliant and registered with one or more of the Payment Card Brands and is therefore subject to specific requirements and conditions. Noncompliance with these requirements would prohibit the individual facilities of the Company from producing Financial Payment Cards for these entities’ payment card issuers.
In the fourth quarter of 2018, the Company entered into a definitive agreement to sell the Company’s Canadian subsidiary to Allcard Limited, a provider of card solutions to the gift and loyalty sectors. The sale did not include the portions of the business relating to Financial Payment Cards, as that business migrated to the Company’s operations in the Debit and Credit segment or to other service providers in 2019. The transaction closed on April 1, 2019, and the Company received cash proceeds of $1,451. After the payment of liabilities and transaction costs, including employee termination costs, the sale did not have a significant impact on cash, and no significant loss on sale was recorded. In connection with the disposition of the Canadian subsidiary, the Company released the related cumulative translation adjustment of $1,329 from “Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss” on the condensed consolidated balance sheet into “Foreign Currency Loss” on the condensed consolidated statement of operations during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The Canadian subsidiary was not a significant operating segment and was part of the Other reportable segment.
On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (“WHO”) characterized the novel coronavirus disease (“COVID-19”) as a pandemic. Further, on March 13, 2020, the President of the United States declared the COVID-19 pandemic a national emergency, invoking powers under the Stafford Act – the legislation that directs federal emergency disaster response. The broader and long-term implications of COVID-19 on the Company’s results of operations and overall financial performance remain uncertain. The adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have become widespread, including in the locations where the Company operates and its customers and suppliers conduct business. The health and safety of CPI’s employees remains paramount, and the Company continues to follow response protocols based on precautions and other appropriate measures recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as well as various state and local executive orders, health orders and guidelines. All of CPI’s operations remain open and continue to provide direct and essential support to the financial services industry. The Company may experience constrained supply, curtailed customer demand or impacts on CPI’s workforce that could materially adversely impact the business, results of operations and overall financial performance in future periods. While CPI’s net sales in the third quarter and first nine months of 2020 increased over the prior year, the Company experienced lower customer demand than expected (which CPI believes is primarily attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic), and the Company may experience further effects in the Company’s results of operations and overall financial performance in future periods. There can be no assurance that the Company’s strategies will be successful in effectively managing the Company’s resources and mitigating the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the business and operating results. See Part II, Item 1A – Risk Factors in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2020 for further discussion of the possible impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the business.
On March 27, 2020, the President of the United States signed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act into law. The CARES Act, among other things, includes provisions relating to refundable payroll tax credits, deferment of employer side social security payments, changes in net operating loss carryback periods, alternative minimum tax credit refunds, modifications to the net interest deduction limitations and technical corrections to tax depreciation methods for qualified improvement property. CPI is continuing to evaluate and apply certain provisions of the CARES Act that may benefit the Company. Refer to Note 12, Income Taxes – Continuing Operations, for a discussion of the CARES Act income tax impacts. In addition, the Company has deferred employer side social security payments starting with the second quarter of 2020. While the Company is participating in certain programs under the CARES Act, the Act and its guidance are subject to change.
Basis of Presentation
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, these financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for the fair statement of the results of the interim periods presented. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2019 is derived from the audited financial statements as of that date. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
Use of Estimates
Management uses estimates and assumptions relating to the reporting of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, the reported revenues and expenses recognized during the reporting period, and certain financial statement disclosures, in the preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include the carrying amount of property and equipment, goodwill and intangible assets, leases, liability for sales tax, valuation allowances for inventories and deferred taxes, revenue recognized for work performed but not completed, and uncertain tax positions. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Recent Accounting Standards
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 842, Leases (“ASC 842”), which provides guidance for accounting for leases. The new guidance requires companies to recognize the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by leased assets. ASC 842 is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018 (the Company’s fiscal year 2019) with early adoption permitted. The guidance required a modified retrospective approach, with an option to apply the transition provisions of the new guidance at the adoption date without adjusting the comparative periods presented. In July 2018, the FASB issued additional accounting standard updates clarifying certain provisions, as well as providing for a second transition method allowing entities to initially apply the standard at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings. The Company adopted the new guidance on January 1, 2019 and used the adoption date as the date of initial application as allowed under ASC 842. Refer to Note 10, Financing and Operating Leases.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In June 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments ("ASU 2016-13"). This ASU changes the model for the recognition of credit losses from an incurred loss model, which recognized credit losses only if it was probable that a loss had been incurred, to an expected loss model, which requires the Company to estimate the total credit losses expected on the portfolio of financial instruments. The effective date of ASU 2016-13 was amended by ASU 2019-10, Credit Losses Effective Dates. Since CPI is a smaller reporting company, adoption of this accounting standard is effective for the Company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, and interim periods therein, with early adoption permitted. The Company has elected not to early adopt this accounting standard in the current fiscal year 2020. The Company is evaluating the impact of adoption of this standard, and does not anticipate the application of ASU 2016-13 will have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations.
Adjustment of Prior Period Financial Statements for Immaterial Items
In accordance with Securities and Exchange Commission Staff Accounting Bulletin 99, Materiality, codified in ASC 250, Presentation of Financial Statements, the Company corrected two immaterial items relating to estimated sales tax expense and depreciation expense for all prior periods presented by revising the condensed consolidated financial statements and other financial information included herein. The total impact on prior years for estimated sales tax expense was $1,907 and depreciation expense was $476. These adjustments represent the expenses pertaining to the period of 2017 to 2020, including an increase to estimated sales tax expense recorded in Selling, General and Administrative expenses (“SG&A”) of $168 and $396, and depreciation expense in Cost of sales of $62 and $187, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively. In addition, the Company recorded sales tax expense in SG&A of $293 and depreciation expense of $124 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The estimated sales tax expense determined during the quarter ended June 30, 2020 was $2,700, and the estimate reduced primarily due to probable customer collections of $500, resulting in $2,200 estimated expense recorded to the prior periods of 2017 to 2020.