1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of ADTRAN®, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“ADTRAN”, the “Company”, “we”, “our” or “us”) have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) applicable to interim financial information presented in Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. Accordingly, certain information and notes required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for complete financial statements are not included herein. The December 31, 2020 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet is derived from audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP.
In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary to fairly state these interim statements have been recorded and are of a normal and recurring nature. The results of operations for an interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year. The interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in ADTRAN’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on February 26, 2021.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expense during the reporting period. The more significant estimates include excess and obsolete inventory reserves, warranty reserves, customer rebates, determination and accrual of deferred revenue components of multiple element sales agreements, estimated costs to complete obligations associated with deferred and accrued revenues and network installations, estimated income tax provision and income tax contingencies, fair value of stock-based compensation, assessment of goodwill and other intangibles for impairment, estimated lives of intangible assets, estimated pension, and liability and fair value of investments, evaluation of other-than-temporary declines in the value of investments and the allowance for current expected credit losses. Actual amounts could differ significantly from these estimates.
We assessed certain accounting matters that generally require consideration of forecasted financial information in context with the information reasonably available to us and the unknown future impacts of the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) as of March 31, 2021 and through the date of this report. The accounting matters assessed included, but were not limited to, the allowance for doubtful accounts, stock-based compensation, carrying value of goodwill, intangibles and other long-lived assets, financial assets, valuation allowances for tax assets and revenue recognition. While there was not a material impact to our consolidated financial statements as of and for the quarter ended March 31, 2021 resulting from these assessments, future assessments related to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as other factors, could result in material impacts to our consolidated financial statements in future reporting periods.
Correction of an Immaterial Misstatement
During the three months ended March 31, 2020, it was determined that certain investments held in the Company’s stock for a deferred compensation plan accounted for as a Rabbi trust were incorrectly classified as Long-term investments with the fair value of such investments incorrectly marked to market at each period end rather than classified as Treasury stock held at historical cost. This plan has been in existence since 2011. The Company corrected this misstatement as an out-of-period adjustment in the three months ended March 31, 2020 by remeasuring the investment assets to their historical cost basis through the recording of a Net investment gain of $1.5 million in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income (Loss) and then correcting the classification by decreasing the Long-term investment balance at its remeasured cost basis of $2.8 million to Treasury stock in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2020. Management has determined that this misstatement was not material to any of its previously issued financial statements and that the correction of the misstatement was not material to the Company’s 2020 annual financial results on either a quantitative or qualitative basis.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
We recently adopted the following accounting standards, which had the following impacts on our consolidated financial statements:
In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2018-14, Compensation – Retirement Benefits – Defined Benefit Plans – General (Subtopic 715-20): Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans, which makes changes to and clarifies the disclosure requirements related to defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans. ASU 2018-14 requires additional disclosures related to the reasons for significant gains and losses affecting the benefit obligation and an explanation of any other significant changes in the benefit obligation or plan assets that are not otherwise apparent in other disclosures required by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 715. ASU 2018-14 also clarifies the guidance in ASC 715 to require disclosure of the projected benefit obligation (“PBO”) and fair value of plan assets for pension plans with PBOs in excess of plan assets and the accumulated benefit obligation (“ABO”) and fair value of plan assets for pension plans with ABOs in excess of plan assets. ASU 2018-14 became effective for public business entities for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the disclosures in the condensed consolidation financial statements.
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing various exceptions, such as the exception to the incremental approach for intra-period tax allocation when there is a loss from continuing operations and income or a gain from other items. The amendments in this update also simplify the accounting for income taxes related to income-based franchise taxes and require that an entity reflect enacted tax laws or rates in the annual effective tax rate computation in the interim period that includes the enactment date. The Company early adopted ASU 2019-12 on April 1, 2020, which was applied on a prospective basis as if the Company adopted the standard on January 1, 2020. The Company early adopted the standard to take advantage of the simplification of rules for income taxes on intra-period tax allocations. Specifically, the adoption of this standard resulted in the recognition of approximately $0.1 million of tax benefit in other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2020, that otherwise would have been recognized in continuing operations had the intra-period tax allocation been completed. There were no other impacts from this standard on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) or Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
There are currently no recent accounting pronouncements that have not yet been adopted and that would have a material effect, once adopted, on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) or Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.