|SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Principles of Consolidation—The consolidated financial statements as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2019 include the accounts of Delphi Technologies’ subsidiaries in which the Company holds a controlling financial or management interest and variable interest entities of which Delphi Technologies has determined that it is the primary beneficiary. All significant intercompany transactions and balances between consolidated Delphi Technologies businesses have been eliminated.
Delphi Technologies’ share of the earnings or losses of Delphi-TVS Diesel Systems Ltd (of which Delphi Technologies owns approximately 50%), a non-controlled affiliate located in India over which the Company exercises significant influence, is included in the consolidated operating results of Delphi Technologies using the equity method of accounting.
Delphi Technologies holds a $21 million investment in Tula Technology, Inc. (“Tula”), an engine control software company, over which the Company does not exert significant influence.
During the three months ended March 31, 2018, Delphi Technologies made a $7 million investment in PolyCharge America, Inc. (“PolyCharge”), a start-up established to commercialize a new capacitor technology, over which the Company does not exert significant influence.
Tula and PolyCharge are privately-held companies that do not have readily determinable fair values and therefore are measured at cost less impairments, adjusted for observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or similar investment of the same issuer. There were no impairments or upward adjustments recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2019 or 2018. These investments are classified within other long-term assets in the consolidated balance sheets.
The Company monitors its equity investments, including those measured at fair value and those that do not have readily determinable fair values, for indicators of impairments or upward adjustments, on an ongoing basis. If the Company determines that such an indicator is present, an adjustment is recorded, which is measured as the difference between carrying value and estimated fair value. Estimated fair value is generally determined using an income approach based on discounted cash flows or negotiated transaction values.
Use of estimates—Preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported therein. Generally, matters subject to estimation and judgment include amounts related to accounts receivable realization, inventory obsolescence, asset impairments, useful lives of intangible and fixed assets, deferred tax asset valuation allowances, income taxes, pension benefit plan assumptions, accruals related to litigation, warranty costs, environmental remediation costs, worker’s compensation accruals and healthcare accruals. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making estimates, actual results reported in future periods may be based upon amounts that differ from those estimates.
Revenue recognition—The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”). Revenue is recognized when obligations under the terms of a contract with our customer are satisfied; generally this occurs with the transfer of control of our production parts or aftermarket parts. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring goods. Sales incentives and allowances (including returns) are recognized as a reduction to revenue at the time of the related sale. The Company estimates the allowances based on an analysis of historical experience. Taxes assessed by a governmental authority collected by the Company concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction are excluded from net sales. Shipping and handling fees billed to customers are included in net sales, while costs of shipping and handling are included in cost of sales.
The Aftermarket segment provides certain customers with a right of return. The Company recognizes an estimated return asset (and adjusts for cost of sales) for the right to recover the products returned by the customer. ASC 606 requires that return assets be presented separately from inventory. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company had return assets of $6 million and $7 million, respectively, included in other current assets. Refer to Note 12. Revenue and Note 4. Assets for additional information.
Net income per share—Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to Delphi Technologies by the weighted–average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share reflects the weighted average dilutive impact of all potentially dilutive securities from the date of issuance and is computed using the treasury stock method by dividing net income attributable to Delphi Technologies by the diluted weighted-average number of ordinary shares outstanding. Refer to Note 14. Shareholders’ Equity and Net Income Per Share for additional information including the calculation of basic and diluted net income per share.
Rebates—The Company accrues for rebates pursuant to specific arrangements primarily with certain aftermarket customers. Rebates generally provide for price reductions based upon purchase volumes and are recorded as a reduction of sales as earned by such customers.
Cash and cash equivalents—Cash and cash equivalents are defined as short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.
Accounts receivable—Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. The Company generally does not require collateral for its trade receivables.
Sales of receivables are accounted for in accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 860, Transfers and Servicing (“ASC 860”). Agreements which result in true sales of the transferred receivables, as defined in ASC 860, which occur when receivables are transferred to a third party without recourse to the Company, are excluded from amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets. Cash proceeds received from such sales are included in operating cash flows. The expenses associated with receivables factoring are recorded in the consolidated statements of operations within interest expense.
Leases—The Company accounts for leases in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 842, Leases (“ASC 842”), which requires lessees to recognize a lease liability and a right-of-use asset on the balance sheet for all leases, with the exception of short-term leases. The lease liability and right-of-use asset are recognized at the lease commencement date based on the estimated present value of lease payments over the lease term. For leases that meet the definition of a short-term lease, the Company has elected to apply the short-term lease exemption, and accordingly, they are not recorded on the balance sheet. The Company has elected the practical expedients in ASC 842 related to not separating lease and nonlease components of contracts, both when the Company is a lessee and lessor.
The Company uses an estimated incremental borrowing rate, which is derived from information available at lease commencement, in determining the present value of lease payments. When calculating the incremental borrowing rates, the Company gives consideration to the applicable margin based on our corporate credit ratings, as defined by the Credit
Agreement, as well as publicly available data by country for instruments with similar characteristics. Refer to Note. 6 Leases for additional information.
Intangible assets—Intangible assets were $64 million and $69 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. The Company has definite-lived intangible assets related to patents and developed technology, customer relationships and trade names. The Company amortizes definite-lived intangible assets over their estimated useful lives. The Company also has intangible assets related to acquired trade names that are classified as indefinite-lived when there are no foreseeable limits on the periods of time over which they are expected to contribute cash flows. These indefinite-lived trade name assets are tested for impairment annually, or more frequently when indicators of potential impairment exist. Costs to renew or extend the term of acquired intangible assets are recognized as expense as incurred. Amortization expense was $7 million and $5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, of which $1 million and $1 million were recorded as a reduction to sales, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, amortization expense included $3 million of impairment.
Goodwill—Goodwill is the excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value of identifiable net assets acquired in business combinations. The Company tests goodwill for impairment annually in the fourth quarter, or more frequently when indications of potential impairment exist. The Company monitors the existence of potential impairment indicators throughout the fiscal year. The Company tests for goodwill impairment at the reporting unit level. Our reporting units are the components of operating segments which constitute businesses for which discrete financial information is available and is regularly reviewed by segment management.
There were no indicators of potential goodwill impairment during the three months ended March 31, 2019. Goodwill was $7 million and $7 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
Warranty and product recalls—Expected warranty costs for products sold are recognized at the time of sale of the product based on an estimate of the amount that eventually will be required to settle such obligations. These accruals are based on factors such as past experience, production changes, industry developments and various other considerations. Costs of product recalls, which may include the cost of the product being replaced as well as the customer’s cost of the recall, including labor to remove and replace the recalled part, are accrued as part of our warranty accrual at the time an obligation becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated. These estimates are adjusted from time to time based on facts and circumstances that impact the status of existing claims. Refer to Note 7. Warranty Obligations for additional information.
Income taxes—Deferred tax assets and liabilities reflect temporary differences between the amount of assets and liabilities for financial and tax reporting purposes. Such amounts are adjusted, as appropriate, to reflect changes in tax rates expected to be in effect when the temporary differences reverse. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in earnings in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is recorded to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized. In the event the Company determines it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will not be realized in the future, the valuation allowance adjustment to the deferred tax assets will be charged to earnings in the period in which the Company makes such a determination. In determining the provision for income taxes for financial statement purposes, the Company makes certain estimates and judgments which affect its evaluation of the carrying value of its deferred tax assets, as well as its calculation of certain tax liabilities. Refer to Note 13. Income Taxes for additional information.
Restructuring—Delphi Technologies continually evaluates alternatives to align the business with the changing needs of its customers and to lower operating costs. This includes the realignment of its existing manufacturing capacity, facility closures, or similar actions, either in the normal course of business or pursuant to significant restructuring programs. These actions may result in employees receiving voluntary or involuntary employee termination benefits, which are mainly pursuant to union or other contractual agreements. Voluntary termination benefits are accrued when an employee accepts the related offer. Involuntary termination benefits are accrued upon the commitment to a termination plan and when the benefit arrangement is communicated to affected employees, or when liabilities are determined to be probable and estimable, depending on the existence of a substantive plan for severance or termination. Contract termination costs are recorded when contracts are terminated or when Delphi Technologies no longer derives economic benefit from a contract or ceases to use a leased facility. All other exit costs are expensed as incurred. Refer to Note 8. Restructuring for additional information.
Derivative financial instruments—All derivative instruments are required to be reported on the balance sheet at fair value unless the transactions qualify and are designated as normal purchases or sales. Changes in fair value are reported currently through earnings unless they meet hedge accounting criteria.
Exposure to fluctuations in currency exchange rates and interest rates are managed by entering into a variety of forward contracts and swaps with various counterparties. Such financial exposures are managed in accordance with the policies and procedures of Delphi Technologies. The Company does not enter into derivative transactions for speculative or trading purposes. As part of the hedging program approval process, the Company identifies the specific financial risk which the derivative transaction will minimize, the appropriate hedging instrument to be used to reduce the risk and the correlation
between the financial risk and the hedging instrument. Purchase orders, sales contracts, letters of intent, capital planning forecasts and historical data are used as the basis for determining the anticipated values of the transactions to be hedged. The Company does not enter into derivative transactions that do not have a high correlation with the underlying financial risk. Hedge positions, as well as the correlation between the transaction risks and the hedging instruments, are reviewed on an ongoing basis.
Foreign exchange forward contracts are accounted for as hedges of firm or forecasted foreign currency commitments to the extent they are designated and assessed as highly effective. All foreign exchange contracts are marked to market on a current basis. Refer to Note 16. Derivatives and Hedging Activities and Note 17. Fair Value of Financial Instruments for additional information.
Recently adopted accounting pronouncements—Delphi Technologies adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), in the first quarter of 2019 using the optional modified retrospective transition method and did not recast the comparative periods. This ASU requires lessees to recognize a lease liability and a right-of-use asset on the balance sheet for all leases, with the exception of short-term leases. Delphi Technologies elected the package of practical expedients, related to existing leases at the time of adoption, that allowed the Company to carry forward the accounting assessments for: i) whether contracts are or contain leases, ii) the lease classification and iii) the initial direct costs. Delphi Technologies also elected the practical expedient related to existing land easements, that allowed the Company to carry forward the accounting treatment for land easements in existing agreements.
The adoption of this guidance resulted in the recognition of operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities of approximately $118 million and $120 million, respectively, on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2019. The adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated statements of operations or cash flows. Refer to Note 6. Leases for additional information.
Delphi Technologies adopted ASU 2018-07, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting in the first quarter of 2019. This guidance expands the scope of ASC Topic 718, which currently only includes share-based payments to employees, to include share-based payments issued to nonemployees for goods or services. Consequently, the accounting for share-based payments to nonemployees and employees will be substantially aligned. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Recently issued accounting pronouncements not yet adopted—In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. This guidance requires the measurement of all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This guidance also requires enhanced disclosures regarding significant estimates and judgments used in estimating credit losses. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. This guidance simplifies how an entity is required to test goodwill for impairment by eliminating step two from the goodwill impairment test, which measures a goodwill impairment loss by comparing the implied fair value of a reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount. Under the new guidance, if a reporting unit’s carrying amount exceeds its fair value, an entity will record an impairment charge based on that difference. The impairment charge will be limited to the amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The standard will be applied prospectively and is effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed in periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this standard on its financial statements, but does not anticipate a significant impact.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. This guidance amends ASC 820 to add, remove and clarify certain disclosure requirements related to fair value measures. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that fiscal year. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-14, Compensation-Retirement Benefits-Defined Benefit Plans-General (Subtopic 715-20): Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans. This guidance amends ASC 715 to add, remove and clarify certain disclosure requirements related to defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years ending after December 31, 2020. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.