SCHNEIDER NATIONAL, INC., 10-Q filed on 10/31/2019
Quarterly Report
v3.19.3
Cover Page - shares
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Oct. 25, 2019
Document Information [Line Items]    
Title of 12(b) Security Class B common stock, no par value  
Trading Symbol SNDR  
Security Exchange Name NYSE  
Document Type 10-Q  
Document Quarterly Report true  
Document Period End Date Sep. 30, 2019  
Document Transition Report false  
Entity File Number 001-38054  
Entity Registrant Name Schneider National, Inc.  
Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code WI  
Entity Tax Identification Number 39-1258315  
Entity Address, Address Line One 3101 South Packerland Drive  
Entity Address, City or Town Green Bay  
Entity Address, State or Province WI  
Entity Address, Postal Zip Code 54313  
City Area Code 920  
Local Phone Number 592-2000  
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes  
Entity Interactive Data Current Yes  
Entity Filer Category Large Accelerated Filer  
Entity Small Business false  
Entity Emerging Growth Company false  
Entity Shell Company false  
Amendment Flag false  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2019  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q3  
Entity Central Index Key 0001692063  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31  
Class A Common Shares    
Document Information [Line Items]    
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   83,029,500
Class B Common Stock    
Document Information [Line Items]    
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   94,088,025
v3.19.3
Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) - USD ($)
$ in Millions
Sep. 30, 2019
Dec. 31, 2018
Current Assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 437.1 $ 378.7
Marketable securities 47.4 51.3
Trade accounts receivable - net of allowance 498.8 593.1
Other receivables 160.2 31.8
Current portion of lease receivables - net of allowance 125.5 129.1
Inventories 57.7 60.8
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 200.9 79.5
Total current assets 1,527.6 1,324.3
Property and equipment:    
Transportation equipment 2,814.1 2,900.2
Land, buildings, and improvements 189.5 177.2
Other property and equipment 161.9 157.6
Total property and equipment 3,165.5 3,235.0
Accumulated depreciation 1,270.7 1,312.8
Net property and equipment 1,894.8 1,922.2
Lease receivables 126.3 133.2
Capitalized software and other noncurrent assets 155.0 82.6
Goodwill 127.3 162.2
Total noncurrent assets 2,303.4 2,300.2
Total Assets 3,831.0 3,624.5
CURRENT LIABILITIES:    
Trade accounts payable 239.8 226.0
Accrued salaries, wages, and benefits 60.2 94.8
Claims accruals - current 192.0 58.3
Current maturities of debt and finance lease obligations 101.5 51.7
Dividends payable 10.9 10.6
Other current liabilities 94.0 81.2
Total current liabilities 698.4 522.6
NONCURRENT LIABILITIES:    
Long-term debt and finance lease obligations 304.6 359.6
Claims accruals - noncurrent 103.6 113.3
Deferred income taxes 446.5 450.6
Other 85.7 46.1
Total noncurrent liabilities 940.4 969.6
Total liabilities 1,638.8 1,492.2
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY    
Additional paid-in capital 1,544.5 1,544.0
Retained earnings 648.2 589.3
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (0.5) (1.0)
Total shareholders' equity 2,192.2 2,132.3
TOTAL 3,831.0 3,624.5
Class A Common Shares    
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY    
Common stock 0.0 0.0
Class B Common Stock    
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY    
Common stock $ 0.0 $ 0.0
v3.19.3
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited) - USD ($)
shares in Millions, $ in Millions
3 Months Ended 9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Sep. 30, 2018
Sep. 30, 2019
Sep. 30, 2018
Statement of Comprehensive Income [Abstract]        
Operating revenues $ 1,183.9 $ 1,280.1 $ 3,590.7 $ 3,655.4
Operating expenses:        
Purchased transportation 511.7 521.1 1,488.8 1,431.8
Salaries, wages, and benefits 257.3 317.2 856.6 943.2
Fuel and fuel taxes 70.6 87.4 221.6 260.3
Depreciation and amortization 74.1 73.3 222.4 216.9
Operating supplies and expenses 139.1 123.5 418.3 364.2
Insurance and related expenses 24.4 24.1 78.0 69.4
Other general expenses 27.3 35.6 90.3 112.4
Goodwill impairment charge 0.0 0.0 34.6 0.0
Restructuring charges 50.4 0.0 50.4 0.0
Total operating expenses 1,154.9 1,182.2 3,461.0 3,398.2
Income from operations 29.0 97.9 129.7 257.2
Other expenses (income):        
Interest income (2.0) (1.5) (6.6) (2.9)
Interest expense 3.8 4.2 13.1 13.0
Other expenses (income) - net 0.5 (0.1) 1.2 (1.0)
Total other expense 2.3 2.6 7.7 9.1
Income before income taxes 26.7 95.3 122.0 248.1
Provision for income taxes 7.0 24.6 30.9 64.0
Net income 19.7 70.7 91.1 184.1
Other comprehensive income (loss):        
Foreign currency translation adjustments (0.3) (0.9) (0.2) (0.8)
Unrealized income (loss) on marketable securities—net of tax 0.0 0.0 0.7 (0.3)
Total other comprehensive income (loss) (0.3) (0.9) 0.5 (1.1)
Comprehensive income $ 19.4 $ 69.8 $ 91.6 $ 183.0
Weighted average common shares outstanding 177.1 177.0 177.1 177.0
Earnings Per Share, Basic $ 0.11 $ 0.40 $ 0.51 $ 1.04
Weighted average diluted shares outstanding 177.3 177.2 177.3 177.2
Diluted earnings per common share $ 0.11 $ 0.40 $ 0.51 $ 1.04
v3.19.3
Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) (Parenthetical) - USD ($)
$ in Millions
Sep. 30, 2019
Dec. 31, 2018
Trade allowance $ 8.5 $ 6.8
Allowance for lease receivables $ 0.6 $ 0.5
Class A Common Shares    
Common stock, par value (usd per share) $ 0 $ 0
Common stock, shares authorized (shares) 250,000,000 250,000,000
Common stock, shares issued (shares) 83,029,500 83,029,500
Common stock, shares outstanding (shares) 83,029,500 83,029,500
Class B Common Stock    
Common stock, par value (usd per share) $ 0 $ 0
Common stock, shares authorized (shares) 750,000,000 750,000,000
Common stock, shares issued (shares) 94,834,653 94,593,588
Common stock, shares outstanding (shares) 94,085,005 93,969,268
v3.19.3
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) - USD ($)
$ in Millions
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Sep. 30, 2018
Operating Activities:    
Net income $ 91.1 $ 184.1
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:    
Depreciation and amortization 222.4 216.9
Goodwill impairment charge 34.6 0.0
Gains on sales of property and equipment (2.6) (4.5)
Impairment on assets held for sale 11.8 0.3
Proceeds from lease receipts 59.6 0.0
Deferred income taxes (4.3) 34.4
Long-term incentive and share-based compensation expense 3.4 15.3
Non-cash restructuring charges 43.3 0.0
Other noncash items 2.9 (3.1)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:    
Receivables 82.2 (67.3)
Other assets (31.1) (15.9)
Payables 0.3 35.6
Claims reserves and other receivables, net (1.1) 13.7
Other liabilities (42.2) 0.6
Net cash provided by operating activities 470.3 410.1
Investing Activities:    
Purchases of transportation equipment (308.6) (268.1)
Purchases of other property and equipment (42.8) (22.3)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment 38.8 74.6
Proceeds from lease receipts 0.0 56.2
Proceeds from sale of off-lease inventory 15.0 0.0
Purchases of lease equipment (62.7) (58.4)
Sales of marketable securities 13.2 3.9
Purchases of marketable securities (8.5) (8.0)
Net cash used in investing activities (355.6) (222.1)
Financing Activities:    
Payments of debt and finance lease obligations (5.7) (17.3)
Payments for deferred consideration related to acquisition (18.7) (19.3)
Dividends paid (31.9) (30.1)
Net cash used in financing activities (56.3) (66.7)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 58.4 121.3
Cash and Cash Equivalents:    
Cash and cash equivalents 437.1 359.8
Noncash investing and financing activity:    
Capital Expenditures Incurred but Not yet Paid 15.5 36.5
Dividends declared but not yet paid 10.9 10.7
Ownership interest in Platform Science, Inc. 0.0 2.5
Cash paid during the period for:    
Interest 12.4 13.2
Income taxes—net of refunds $ 42.6 $ 25.5
v3.19.3
Consolidated Statements Shareholders' Equity - USD ($)
$ in Millions
Total
Common Stock
Additional Paid-In Capital
Retained Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss (Gain)
Balance at Dec. 31, 2017 $ 1,890.2 $ 0.0 $ 1,534.6 $ 355.6 $ 0.0
Increase (Decrease) in Stockholders' Equity          
Net income 47.6     47.6  
Other comprehensive gain (loss) (0.6)       (0.6)
Share-based compensation expense (benefit) 2.0   2.0    
Dividends declared at $0.06 per share (10.7)     (10.7)  
Share issuances 0.2   0.2    
Shares withheld for employee taxes (1.8)   (1.8)    
Other 0.2   0.2    
Balance at Mar. 31, 2018 1,934.4 0.0 1,535.2 399.8 (0.6)
Balance at Dec. 31, 2017 1,890.2 0.0 1,534.6 355.6 0.0
Increase (Decrease) in Stockholders' Equity          
Net income 184.1        
Balance at Sep. 30, 2018 2,053.2 0.0 1,539.3 515.0 (1.1)
Increase (Decrease) in Stockholders' Equity          
Cumulative–effect adjustment of ASU 2014-09 adoption 7.3     7.3  
Balance at Mar. 31, 2018 1,934.4 0.0 1,535.2 399.8 (0.6)
Increase (Decrease) in Stockholders' Equity          
Net income 65.8     65.8  
Other comprehensive gain (loss) 0.4       0.4
Share-based compensation expense (benefit) 2.1   2.1    
Dividends declared at $0.06 per share (10.5)     (10.5)  
Share issuances 0.3   0.3    
Shares withheld for employee taxes (0.1)   (0.1)    
Exercise of employee stock options 0.2   0.2    
Other (0.1)   (0.1)    
Balance at Jun. 30, 2018 1,992.5 0.0 1,537.6 455.1 (0.2)
Increase (Decrease) in Stockholders' Equity          
Net income 70.7     70.7  
Other comprehensive gain (loss) (0.9)       (0.9)
Share-based compensation expense (benefit) 2.1   2.1    
Dividends declared at $0.06 per share (10.8)     (10.8)  
Shares withheld for employee taxes (0.4)   (0.4)    
Balance at Sep. 30, 2018 2,053.2 0.0 1,539.3 515.0 (1.1)
Balance at Dec. 31, 2018 2,132.3 0.0 1,544.0 589.3 (1.0)
Increase (Decrease) in Stockholders' Equity          
Net income 36.9     36.9  
Other comprehensive gain (loss) 0.7       0.7
Share-based compensation expense (benefit) 2.0   2.0    
Dividends declared at $0.06 per share (10.7)     (10.7)  
Shares withheld for employee taxes (1.2)   (1.2)    
Balance at Mar. 31, 2019 2,160.0 0.0 1,544.8 615.5 (0.3)
Balance at Dec. 31, 2018 2,132.3 0.0 1,544.0 589.3 (1.0)
Increase (Decrease) in Stockholders' Equity          
Net income 91.1        
Balance at Sep. 30, 2019 2,192.2 0.0 1,544.5 648.2 (0.5)
Balance at Mar. 31, 2019 2,160.0 0.0 1,544.8 615.5 (0.3)
Increase (Decrease) in Stockholders' Equity          
Net income 34.5     34.5  
Other comprehensive gain (loss) 0.1       0.1
Share-based compensation expense (benefit) 1.6   1.6    
Dividends declared at $0.06 per share (11.0)     (11.0)  
Share issuances 0.2   0.2    
Balance at Jun. 30, 2019 2,185.4 0.0 1,546.6 639.0 (0.2)
Increase (Decrease) in Stockholders' Equity          
Net income 19.7     19.7  
Other comprehensive gain (loss) (0.3)       (0.3)
Share-based compensation expense (benefit) (2.2)   (2.2)    
Dividends declared at $0.06 per share (10.5)     (10.5)  
Share issuances 0.1   0.1    
Balance at Sep. 30, 2019 $ 2,192.2 $ 0.0 $ 1,544.5 $ 648.2 $ (0.5)
v3.19.3
Consolidated Statements Shareholders' Equity (Parenthetical) - $ / shares
3 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Jun. 30, 2019
Mar. 31, 2019
Sep. 30, 2018
Jun. 30, 2018
Mar. 31, 2018
Statement of Stockholders' Equity [Abstract]            
Dividends declared per share of Class A and Class B common shares $ 0.06 $ 0.06 $ 0.06 $ 0.06 $ 0.06 $ 0.06
v3.19.3
General
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
General GENERAL

Description of Business
In this report, when we refer to “the Company,” “us,” “we,” “our,” “ours,” or “Schneider,” we are referring to Schneider National, Inc. and its subsidiaries. We are a leading transportation services organization headquartered in Green Bay, Wisconsin. We provide a broad portfolio of premier truckload, intermodal, and logistics solutions and operate one of the largest trucking fleets in North America.

Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP and the rules and regulations of the SEC applicable to quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. Therefore, these consolidated financial statements and footnotes do not include all disclosures required by GAAP for annual financial statements. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. Financial results for an interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results for a full year.

All intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

In the opinion of management, these statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for the fair presentation of our financial results for the interim periods presented.

Accounting Standards Issued but Not Yet Adopted
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract, which aligns the capitalization requirements for implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the existing capitalization requirements for implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. ASU 2018-15 is effective for us as of January 1, 2020 with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact the adoption of this ASU will have on our consolidated financial statements and do not believe the impact will be material. We expect to adopt this standard on a prospective basis.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement - Disclosure Requirements, which removes, modifies, and adds certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. These changes include removing the disclosure requirements related to the amount of and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy and adding disclosure requirements about the range and weighted-average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements. Additionally, the amendments remove the phrase “at a minimum” from the codification clarifying that materiality should be considered when evaluating disclosure requirements. ASU 2018-13 is effective for us January 1, 2020 with early adoption permitted. We do not believe the adoption of this ASU will have a material impact on our disclosures and plan to early adopt this standard during the fourth quarter of 2019.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which requires companies to use a forward-looking, expected loss model to estimate credit losses on various types of financial assets and net investments in leases. It also requires additional disclosures related to credit quality of trade and other receivables, including information related to management’s estimate of credit allowances. In November 2018, this was further updated with the issuance of ASU 2018-19, which excludes receivables from operating leases from the scope. ASU 2016-13 is effective for us January 1, 2020. We expect the standard will have an impact on our available-for-sale debt securities, net investment in leases, contract assets, trade accounts receivable, and reinsurance receivables. Based on our initial assessment, we do not believe the standard will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements, however we are still assessing the financial impacts.
v3.19.3
Leases (Notes)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Leases [Abstract]  
Leases LEASES

We adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases, which is codified in ASC 842, as of January 1, 2019 using the optional transition method. The FASB’s authoritative guidance provided companies with the option to apply this ASU to new and existing leases within the scope of the guidance as of the beginning of the period of adoption. We elected this transition method of applying the new lease
standard and have recognized right-of-use assets and lease liabilities as of January 1, 2019. Prior period amounts were not adjusted and will continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods.

Adoption of the new standard resulted in the initial recording of right-of-use lease assets and related lease liabilities of $80.6 million and $85.2 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2019, right-of-use lease assets and related lease liabilities were $73.5 million and $80.9 million, respectively. Operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future lease payments over the term. Schneider's incremental borrowing rates are used as the discount rates for leases and are determined based on U. S. Treasury rates plus an applicable margin to arrive at all-in rates. Schneider uses multiple discount rates based on lease terms and other economic factors. The operating lease right-of-use asset also includes accrued lease expense resulting from the straight-line accounting under prior accounting methods, which is now being amortized over the remaining life of the lease.

In addition, we elected the package of practical expedients provided under the guidance. The practical expedient package applies to leases that commenced prior to adoption of the new standard and permits companies not to reassess whether existing or expired contracts are or contain a lease, the lease classification, and any initial direct costs for any existing leases. We also elected the practical expedient related to land easements, allowing us to carry forward the accounting treatment of our existing agreements for land easements, none of which were material as of January 1, 2019.
As lessee
We lease real estate, transportation equipment, and office equipment under operating and finance leases. Our real estate operating leases include operating centers, distribution warehouses, offices, and drop yards. Our finance leases relate almost entirely to transportation equipment. A majority of our leases include an option to extend the lease, and a small number of our leases include an option to early terminate the lease, which may include a termination payment. If we are reasonably certain to exercise an option to extend a lease, the extension period is included as part of the right-of-use asset and lease liability.
For our real estate leases, we have elected to apply the recognition requirement to leases of twelve months or less, therefore, an operating lease right-of-use asset and liability will be recognized for all these leases. For our equipment leases, we have elected to not apply the recognition requirements to leases of twelve months or less. These leases will be expensed on a straight-line basis and no operating lease right-of-use asset or liability will be recorded.

We have also elected to not separate the different components within the contract for our leases; therefore, all fixed costs associated with the lease are included in the right-of-use asset and the operating lease liability. This often relates to the requirement for us to pay a proportionate share of real estate taxes, insurance, common area maintenance, and other operating costs in addition to a base or fixed rent. Some of our leases have variable payment amounts, and the variable portions of those payments are excluded from the right-of-use asset and the lease liability.

At the inception of our contracts we determine if the contract is or contains a lease. A contract is or contains a lease if it conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration.

A small number of our leased real estate assets contains subleases. The lease income related to subleases is shown in the lease cost table below.

Certain equipment leases contain residual value guarantees. These are guarantees made to the lessor that the value of the underlying asset returned to the lessor at the end of the lease will be at least a specified amount.

None of our leases contain restrictions or covenants that restrict us from incurring other financial obligations.
The following table presents our net lease costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019:
 
 
Financial Statement Classification
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
 
2019
 
2019
Operating lease cost
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating lease cost
 
Operating supplies and expenses
 
$
8.7

 
$
26.5

Short-term lease cost (1)
 
Operating supplies and expenses
 
2.0

 
5.5

Finance lease cost
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of right-of-use assets
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
0.9

 
2.5

Interest on lease liabilities
 
Interest expense
 

 
0.2

Variable lease cost
 
Operating supplies and expenses
 
0.7

 
2.1

Sublease income
 
Operating revenues
 
(1.5
)
 
(4.1
)
Total net lease cost
 
 
 
$
10.8

 
$
32.7

(1) Includes short-term lease costs for leases twelve months or less, including those with a duration of one month or less.
As of September 30, 2019, remaining lease terms and discount rates under operating and finance leases were as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2019
Weighted-average remaining lease term
 
 
Operating leases
 
4.4 years

Finance leases
 
0.3 years

 
 
 
Weighted-average discount rate
 
 
Operating leases
 
4.2
%
Finance leases
 
4.7
%

Other information related to our leases is as follows:
 
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
2019
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
 
 
Operating cash flows from operating leases
 
$
26.7

Operating cash flows from finance leases
 
0.2

Financing cash flows from finance leases
 
2.0

 
 
 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new lease liabilities
 
 
Operating leases
 
$
20.6

Finance leases
 



Operating lease right-of-use assets, current operating lease liabilities, and noncurrent operating lease liabilities are included in capitalized software and other noncurrent assets, other current liabilities, and other noncurrent liabilities, respectively, in the consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2019.

At September 30, 2019, future lease payments under operating and finance leases were as follows:
(in millions)
 
Operating Leases
 
Finance Leases
Remaining 2019
 
$
8.5

 
$
4.9

2020
 
27.2

 
0.4

2021
 
17.1

 

2022
 
11.1

 

2023
 
8.8

 

2024 and thereafter
 
15.9

 

Total
 
88.6

 
5.3

Amount representing interest
 
(7.7
)
 

Present value of lease payments
 
80.9

 
5.3

Current maturities
 
(27.1
)
 
(5.3
)
Long-term lease obligations
 
$
53.8

 
$



For certain of our real estate leases, there are options contained within the lease agreement to extend beyond the initial lease term. The Company recognizes options as right-of-use assets and lease liabilities when deemed reasonably certain to be exercised. Future operating lease payments at September 30, 2019 include $10.6 million related to options to extend lease terms that we are reasonably certain to exercise. Options related to our FTFM service offering that were previously considered reasonably certain to be exercised have been removed from the future operating lease payments at September 30, 2019.

Under ASC 840, future minimum lease payments as of December 31, 2018 were as follows:
(in millions)
 
Operating Leases
 
Capital Leases
2019
 
$
35.8

 
$
6.9

2020
 
25.7

 
0.2

2021
 
14.9

 

2022
 
8.4

 

2023
 
6.8

 

2024 and thereafter
 
12.7

 

Total
 
$
104.3

 
7.1

Amount representing interest
 
 
 
(0.2
)
Present value of minimum lease payments
 
 
 
6.9

Current maturities
 
 
 
(6.7
)
Long-term capital lease obligations
 
 
 
$
0.2



As of September 30, 2019, we had additional leases that had not yet commenced of $3.5 million. These leases will commence during the remainder of 2019 and have lease terms of four months to five years.

The consolidated balance sheets include right-of-use assets acquired under finance leases as components of property and equipment as of September 30, 2019 and January 1, 2019, as follows:
(in millions)
 
September 30, 2019
 
January 1, 2019
Transportation equipment
 
$
19.9

 
$
19.9

Real property
 
0.8

 
0.8

Other property
 
1.5

 
0.6

Accumulated amortization
 
(13.1
)
 
(11.2
)
Total
 
$
9.1

 
$
10.1



Transportation equipment is being amortized to the estimated residual value by the end of the lease. Real and other property under finance leases are being amortized to a zero net book value over the initial lease term.

As lessor

We finance various types of transportation-related equipment for independent third parties under lease contracts which are generally for one year to five years and are accounted for as sales-type leases with fully guaranteed residual values. At the inception of the contracts, we determine if the contract is or contains a lease. A contract is or contains a lease if it conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration.

With the adoption of ASC 842, all leases for which we are the lessor meet the definition of sales-type leases. In addition, as required under ASC 842, all cash flows from lease receipts are classified as operating activities on the consolidated statement of cash flows beginning January 1, 2019. We previously presented all cash flows from lease receipts as investing activities.

As of September 30, 2019 and January 1, 2019, the investment in lease receivables was as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2019
 
January 1, 2019
Future minimum payments to be received on leases
 
$
146.9

 
$
140.0

Guaranteed residual lease values
 
138.2

 
151.0

Total minimum lease payments to be received
 
285.1

 
291.0

Unearned income
 
(33.3
)
 
(28.7
)
Net investment in leases
 
251.8

 
262.3

 
 
 
 
 
Current maturities of lease receivables
 
126.1

 
129.6

Less—allowance for doubtful accounts
 
(0.6
)
 
(0.5
)
Current portion of lease receivables—net of allowance
 
125.5

 
129.1

 
 
 
 
 
Lease receivables—noncurrent
 
$
126.3

 
$
133.2



The amounts to be received on lease receivables as of September 30, 2019 were as follows:
(in millions)
 
September 30, 2019
Remaining 2019
 
$
35.8

2020
 
142.8

2021
 
75.7

2022
 
30.6

2023
 
0.2

2024 and thereafter
 

Total undiscounted lease cash flows
 
285.1

Amount representing interest
 
(33.3
)
Present value of lease receivables
 
251.8

Current lease receivables, net of allowance
 
(125.5
)
Long-term lease receivable
 
$
126.3



Leases are generally placed on nonaccrual status (nonaccrual of interest and other fees) when a payment becomes 90 days past due or upon receipt of notification of bankruptcy, upon the death of a customer, or in other instances in which management concludes collectability is not reasonably assured. The accrual of interest and other fees is resumed when all payments are less than 60 days past due. At September 30, 2019, there were $0.3 million of lease payments greater than 90 days past due. The terms of the lease agreements generally give us the ability to take possession of the underlying asset in the event of default. We may incur credit losses in excess of recorded allowances if the full amount of any anticipated proceeds from the sale or re-lease of the asset supporting the third party’s financial obligation is not realized. Repossession and estimated reconditioning costs are recorded in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income in the period incurred.

Our lease payments primarily include base rentals and guaranteed residual values. In addition, we also collect one-time administrative fees and heavy vehicle use tax on our leases. We have elected to not separate the different components within the contract as the administrative fees were not material for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019. We have also
elected to exclude all taxes assessed by a governmental authority from the consideration (e.g., heavy vehicle use tax). All of our leases require fixed payments, therefore we have no variable payment provisions.
Our leases contain an option for the lessee to return, extend, or purchase the equipment at the end of the lease term for the guaranteed contract residual amount. This is estimated to approximate the fair value of the equipment. Equipment is leased under sales-type leases where the lessees guarantee the residual value of the equipment. The table below provides additional information on our sales-type leases.
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2019
Revenue
 
$
50.9

 
$
159.8

Cost of goods sold
 
(46.8
)
 
(144.0
)
Operating profit
 
$
4.1

 
$
15.8

 
 
 
 
 
Interest income on lease receivable
 
$
7.0

 
$
20.4

Initial direct cost incurred
 

 



The amounts to be received on lease receivables as of December 31, 2018 under ASC 840 were as follows:
(in millions)
 
December 31, 2018
2019
 
$
149.0

2020
 
112.7

2021
 
29.0

2022
 
0.3

2023
 

2024 and thereafter
 

Total
 
$
291.0


Leases LEASES

We adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases, which is codified in ASC 842, as of January 1, 2019 using the optional transition method. The FASB’s authoritative guidance provided companies with the option to apply this ASU to new and existing leases within the scope of the guidance as of the beginning of the period of adoption. We elected this transition method of applying the new lease
standard and have recognized right-of-use assets and lease liabilities as of January 1, 2019. Prior period amounts were not adjusted and will continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods.

Adoption of the new standard resulted in the initial recording of right-of-use lease assets and related lease liabilities of $80.6 million and $85.2 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2019, right-of-use lease assets and related lease liabilities were $73.5 million and $80.9 million, respectively. Operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future lease payments over the term. Schneider's incremental borrowing rates are used as the discount rates for leases and are determined based on U. S. Treasury rates plus an applicable margin to arrive at all-in rates. Schneider uses multiple discount rates based on lease terms and other economic factors. The operating lease right-of-use asset also includes accrued lease expense resulting from the straight-line accounting under prior accounting methods, which is now being amortized over the remaining life of the lease.

In addition, we elected the package of practical expedients provided under the guidance. The practical expedient package applies to leases that commenced prior to adoption of the new standard and permits companies not to reassess whether existing or expired contracts are or contain a lease, the lease classification, and any initial direct costs for any existing leases. We also elected the practical expedient related to land easements, allowing us to carry forward the accounting treatment of our existing agreements for land easements, none of which were material as of January 1, 2019.
As lessee
We lease real estate, transportation equipment, and office equipment under operating and finance leases. Our real estate operating leases include operating centers, distribution warehouses, offices, and drop yards. Our finance leases relate almost entirely to transportation equipment. A majority of our leases include an option to extend the lease, and a small number of our leases include an option to early terminate the lease, which may include a termination payment. If we are reasonably certain to exercise an option to extend a lease, the extension period is included as part of the right-of-use asset and lease liability.
For our real estate leases, we have elected to apply the recognition requirement to leases of twelve months or less, therefore, an operating lease right-of-use asset and liability will be recognized for all these leases. For our equipment leases, we have elected to not apply the recognition requirements to leases of twelve months or less. These leases will be expensed on a straight-line basis and no operating lease right-of-use asset or liability will be recorded.

We have also elected to not separate the different components within the contract for our leases; therefore, all fixed costs associated with the lease are included in the right-of-use asset and the operating lease liability. This often relates to the requirement for us to pay a proportionate share of real estate taxes, insurance, common area maintenance, and other operating costs in addition to a base or fixed rent. Some of our leases have variable payment amounts, and the variable portions of those payments are excluded from the right-of-use asset and the lease liability.

At the inception of our contracts we determine if the contract is or contains a lease. A contract is or contains a lease if it conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration.

A small number of our leased real estate assets contains subleases. The lease income related to subleases is shown in the lease cost table below.

Certain equipment leases contain residual value guarantees. These are guarantees made to the lessor that the value of the underlying asset returned to the lessor at the end of the lease will be at least a specified amount.

None of our leases contain restrictions or covenants that restrict us from incurring other financial obligations.
The following table presents our net lease costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019:
 
 
Financial Statement Classification
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
 
2019
 
2019
Operating lease cost
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating lease cost
 
Operating supplies and expenses
 
$
8.7

 
$
26.5

Short-term lease cost (1)
 
Operating supplies and expenses
 
2.0

 
5.5

Finance lease cost
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of right-of-use assets
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
0.9

 
2.5

Interest on lease liabilities
 
Interest expense
 

 
0.2

Variable lease cost
 
Operating supplies and expenses
 
0.7

 
2.1

Sublease income
 
Operating revenues
 
(1.5
)
 
(4.1
)
Total net lease cost
 
 
 
$
10.8

 
$
32.7

(1) Includes short-term lease costs for leases twelve months or less, including those with a duration of one month or less.
As of September 30, 2019, remaining lease terms and discount rates under operating and finance leases were as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2019
Weighted-average remaining lease term
 
 
Operating leases
 
4.4 years

Finance leases
 
0.3 years

 
 
 
Weighted-average discount rate
 
 
Operating leases
 
4.2
%
Finance leases
 
4.7
%

Other information related to our leases is as follows:
 
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
2019
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
 
 
Operating cash flows from operating leases
 
$
26.7

Operating cash flows from finance leases
 
0.2

Financing cash flows from finance leases
 
2.0

 
 
 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new lease liabilities
 
 
Operating leases
 
$
20.6

Finance leases
 



Operating lease right-of-use assets, current operating lease liabilities, and noncurrent operating lease liabilities are included in capitalized software and other noncurrent assets, other current liabilities, and other noncurrent liabilities, respectively, in the consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2019.

At September 30, 2019, future lease payments under operating and finance leases were as follows:
(in millions)
 
Operating Leases
 
Finance Leases
Remaining 2019
 
$
8.5

 
$
4.9

2020
 
27.2

 
0.4

2021
 
17.1

 

2022
 
11.1

 

2023
 
8.8

 

2024 and thereafter
 
15.9

 

Total
 
88.6

 
5.3

Amount representing interest
 
(7.7
)
 

Present value of lease payments
 
80.9

 
5.3

Current maturities
 
(27.1
)
 
(5.3
)
Long-term lease obligations
 
$
53.8

 
$



For certain of our real estate leases, there are options contained within the lease agreement to extend beyond the initial lease term. The Company recognizes options as right-of-use assets and lease liabilities when deemed reasonably certain to be exercised. Future operating lease payments at September 30, 2019 include $10.6 million related to options to extend lease terms that we are reasonably certain to exercise. Options related to our FTFM service offering that were previously considered reasonably certain to be exercised have been removed from the future operating lease payments at September 30, 2019.

Under ASC 840, future minimum lease payments as of December 31, 2018 were as follows:
(in millions)
 
Operating Leases
 
Capital Leases
2019
 
$
35.8

 
$
6.9

2020
 
25.7

 
0.2

2021
 
14.9

 

2022
 
8.4

 

2023
 
6.8

 

2024 and thereafter
 
12.7

 

Total
 
$
104.3

 
7.1

Amount representing interest
 
 
 
(0.2
)
Present value of minimum lease payments
 
 
 
6.9

Current maturities
 
 
 
(6.7
)
Long-term capital lease obligations
 
 
 
$
0.2



As of September 30, 2019, we had additional leases that had not yet commenced of $3.5 million. These leases will commence during the remainder of 2019 and have lease terms of four months to five years.

The consolidated balance sheets include right-of-use assets acquired under finance leases as components of property and equipment as of September 30, 2019 and January 1, 2019, as follows:
(in millions)
 
September 30, 2019
 
January 1, 2019
Transportation equipment
 
$
19.9

 
$
19.9

Real property
 
0.8

 
0.8

Other property
 
1.5

 
0.6

Accumulated amortization
 
(13.1
)
 
(11.2
)
Total
 
$
9.1

 
$
10.1



Transportation equipment is being amortized to the estimated residual value by the end of the lease. Real and other property under finance leases are being amortized to a zero net book value over the initial lease term.

As lessor

We finance various types of transportation-related equipment for independent third parties under lease contracts which are generally for one year to five years and are accounted for as sales-type leases with fully guaranteed residual values. At the inception of the contracts, we determine if the contract is or contains a lease. A contract is or contains a lease if it conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration.

With the adoption of ASC 842, all leases for which we are the lessor meet the definition of sales-type leases. In addition, as required under ASC 842, all cash flows from lease receipts are classified as operating activities on the consolidated statement of cash flows beginning January 1, 2019. We previously presented all cash flows from lease receipts as investing activities.

As of September 30, 2019 and January 1, 2019, the investment in lease receivables was as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2019
 
January 1, 2019
Future minimum payments to be received on leases
 
$
146.9

 
$
140.0

Guaranteed residual lease values
 
138.2

 
151.0

Total minimum lease payments to be received
 
285.1

 
291.0

Unearned income
 
(33.3
)
 
(28.7
)
Net investment in leases
 
251.8

 
262.3

 
 
 
 
 
Current maturities of lease receivables
 
126.1

 
129.6

Less—allowance for doubtful accounts
 
(0.6
)
 
(0.5
)
Current portion of lease receivables—net of allowance
 
125.5

 
129.1

 
 
 
 
 
Lease receivables—noncurrent
 
$
126.3

 
$
133.2



The amounts to be received on lease receivables as of September 30, 2019 were as follows:
(in millions)
 
September 30, 2019
Remaining 2019
 
$
35.8

2020
 
142.8

2021
 
75.7

2022
 
30.6

2023
 
0.2

2024 and thereafter
 

Total undiscounted lease cash flows
 
285.1

Amount representing interest
 
(33.3
)
Present value of lease receivables
 
251.8

Current lease receivables, net of allowance
 
(125.5
)
Long-term lease receivable
 
$
126.3



Leases are generally placed on nonaccrual status (nonaccrual of interest and other fees) when a payment becomes 90 days past due or upon receipt of notification of bankruptcy, upon the death of a customer, or in other instances in which management concludes collectability is not reasonably assured. The accrual of interest and other fees is resumed when all payments are less than 60 days past due. At September 30, 2019, there were $0.3 million of lease payments greater than 90 days past due. The terms of the lease agreements generally give us the ability to take possession of the underlying asset in the event of default. We may incur credit losses in excess of recorded allowances if the full amount of any anticipated proceeds from the sale or re-lease of the asset supporting the third party’s financial obligation is not realized. Repossession and estimated reconditioning costs are recorded in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income in the period incurred.

Our lease payments primarily include base rentals and guaranteed residual values. In addition, we also collect one-time administrative fees and heavy vehicle use tax on our leases. We have elected to not separate the different components within the contract as the administrative fees were not material for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019. We have also
elected to exclude all taxes assessed by a governmental authority from the consideration (e.g., heavy vehicle use tax). All of our leases require fixed payments, therefore we have no variable payment provisions.
Our leases contain an option for the lessee to return, extend, or purchase the equipment at the end of the lease term for the guaranteed contract residual amount. This is estimated to approximate the fair value of the equipment. Equipment is leased under sales-type leases where the lessees guarantee the residual value of the equipment. The table below provides additional information on our sales-type leases.
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2019
Revenue
 
$
50.9

 
$
159.8

Cost of goods sold
 
(46.8
)
 
(144.0
)
Operating profit
 
$
4.1

 
$
15.8

 
 
 
 
 
Interest income on lease receivable
 
$
7.0

 
$
20.4

Initial direct cost incurred
 

 



The amounts to be received on lease receivables as of December 31, 2018 under ASC 840 were as follows:
(in millions)
 
December 31, 2018
2019
 
$
149.0

2020
 
112.7

2021
 
29.0

2022
 
0.3

2023
 

2024 and thereafter
 

Total
 
$
291.0


Leases LEASES

We adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases, which is codified in ASC 842, as of January 1, 2019 using the optional transition method. The FASB’s authoritative guidance provided companies with the option to apply this ASU to new and existing leases within the scope of the guidance as of the beginning of the period of adoption. We elected this transition method of applying the new lease
standard and have recognized right-of-use assets and lease liabilities as of January 1, 2019. Prior period amounts were not adjusted and will continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods.

Adoption of the new standard resulted in the initial recording of right-of-use lease assets and related lease liabilities of $80.6 million and $85.2 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2019, right-of-use lease assets and related lease liabilities were $73.5 million and $80.9 million, respectively. Operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future lease payments over the term. Schneider's incremental borrowing rates are used as the discount rates for leases and are determined based on U. S. Treasury rates plus an applicable margin to arrive at all-in rates. Schneider uses multiple discount rates based on lease terms and other economic factors. The operating lease right-of-use asset also includes accrued lease expense resulting from the straight-line accounting under prior accounting methods, which is now being amortized over the remaining life of the lease.

In addition, we elected the package of practical expedients provided under the guidance. The practical expedient package applies to leases that commenced prior to adoption of the new standard and permits companies not to reassess whether existing or expired contracts are or contain a lease, the lease classification, and any initial direct costs for any existing leases. We also elected the practical expedient related to land easements, allowing us to carry forward the accounting treatment of our existing agreements for land easements, none of which were material as of January 1, 2019.
As lessee
We lease real estate, transportation equipment, and office equipment under operating and finance leases. Our real estate operating leases include operating centers, distribution warehouses, offices, and drop yards. Our finance leases relate almost entirely to transportation equipment. A majority of our leases include an option to extend the lease, and a small number of our leases include an option to early terminate the lease, which may include a termination payment. If we are reasonably certain to exercise an option to extend a lease, the extension period is included as part of the right-of-use asset and lease liability.
For our real estate leases, we have elected to apply the recognition requirement to leases of twelve months or less, therefore, an operating lease right-of-use asset and liability will be recognized for all these leases. For our equipment leases, we have elected to not apply the recognition requirements to leases of twelve months or less. These leases will be expensed on a straight-line basis and no operating lease right-of-use asset or liability will be recorded.

We have also elected to not separate the different components within the contract for our leases; therefore, all fixed costs associated with the lease are included in the right-of-use asset and the operating lease liability. This often relates to the requirement for us to pay a proportionate share of real estate taxes, insurance, common area maintenance, and other operating costs in addition to a base or fixed rent. Some of our leases have variable payment amounts, and the variable portions of those payments are excluded from the right-of-use asset and the lease liability.

At the inception of our contracts we determine if the contract is or contains a lease. A contract is or contains a lease if it conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration.

A small number of our leased real estate assets contains subleases. The lease income related to subleases is shown in the lease cost table below.

Certain equipment leases contain residual value guarantees. These are guarantees made to the lessor that the value of the underlying asset returned to the lessor at the end of the lease will be at least a specified amount.

None of our leases contain restrictions or covenants that restrict us from incurring other financial obligations.
The following table presents our net lease costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019:
 
 
Financial Statement Classification
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
 
2019
 
2019
Operating lease cost
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating lease cost
 
Operating supplies and expenses
 
$
8.7

 
$
26.5

Short-term lease cost (1)
 
Operating supplies and expenses
 
2.0

 
5.5

Finance lease cost
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of right-of-use assets
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
0.9

 
2.5

Interest on lease liabilities
 
Interest expense
 

 
0.2

Variable lease cost
 
Operating supplies and expenses
 
0.7

 
2.1

Sublease income
 
Operating revenues
 
(1.5
)
 
(4.1
)
Total net lease cost
 
 
 
$
10.8

 
$
32.7

(1) Includes short-term lease costs for leases twelve months or less, including those with a duration of one month or less.
As of September 30, 2019, remaining lease terms and discount rates under operating and finance leases were as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2019
Weighted-average remaining lease term
 
 
Operating leases
 
4.4 years

Finance leases
 
0.3 years

 
 
 
Weighted-average discount rate
 
 
Operating leases
 
4.2
%
Finance leases
 
4.7
%

Other information related to our leases is as follows:
 
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
2019
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
 
 
Operating cash flows from operating leases
 
$
26.7

Operating cash flows from finance leases
 
0.2

Financing cash flows from finance leases
 
2.0

 
 
 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new lease liabilities
 
 
Operating leases
 
$
20.6

Finance leases
 



Operating lease right-of-use assets, current operating lease liabilities, and noncurrent operating lease liabilities are included in capitalized software and other noncurrent assets, other current liabilities, and other noncurrent liabilities, respectively, in the consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2019.

At September 30, 2019, future lease payments under operating and finance leases were as follows:
(in millions)
 
Operating Leases
 
Finance Leases
Remaining 2019
 
$
8.5

 
$
4.9

2020
 
27.2

 
0.4

2021
 
17.1

 

2022
 
11.1

 

2023
 
8.8

 

2024 and thereafter
 
15.9

 

Total
 
88.6

 
5.3

Amount representing interest
 
(7.7
)
 

Present value of lease payments
 
80.9

 
5.3

Current maturities
 
(27.1
)
 
(5.3
)
Long-term lease obligations
 
$
53.8

 
$



For certain of our real estate leases, there are options contained within the lease agreement to extend beyond the initial lease term. The Company recognizes options as right-of-use assets and lease liabilities when deemed reasonably certain to be exercised. Future operating lease payments at September 30, 2019 include $10.6 million related to options to extend lease terms that we are reasonably certain to exercise. Options related to our FTFM service offering that were previously considered reasonably certain to be exercised have been removed from the future operating lease payments at September 30, 2019.

Under ASC 840, future minimum lease payments as of December 31, 2018 were as follows:
(in millions)
 
Operating Leases
 
Capital Leases
2019
 
$
35.8

 
$
6.9

2020
 
25.7

 
0.2

2021
 
14.9

 

2022
 
8.4

 

2023
 
6.8

 

2024 and thereafter
 
12.7

 

Total
 
$
104.3

 
7.1

Amount representing interest
 
 
 
(0.2
)
Present value of minimum lease payments
 
 
 
6.9

Current maturities
 
 
 
(6.7
)
Long-term capital lease obligations
 
 
 
$
0.2



As of September 30, 2019, we had additional leases that had not yet commenced of $3.5 million. These leases will commence during the remainder of 2019 and have lease terms of four months to five years.

The consolidated balance sheets include right-of-use assets acquired under finance leases as components of property and equipment as of September 30, 2019 and January 1, 2019, as follows:
(in millions)
 
September 30, 2019
 
January 1, 2019
Transportation equipment
 
$
19.9

 
$
19.9

Real property
 
0.8

 
0.8

Other property
 
1.5

 
0.6

Accumulated amortization
 
(13.1
)
 
(11.2
)
Total
 
$
9.1

 
$
10.1



Transportation equipment is being amortized to the estimated residual value by the end of the lease. Real and other property under finance leases are being amortized to a zero net book value over the initial lease term.

As lessor

We finance various types of transportation-related equipment for independent third parties under lease contracts which are generally for one year to five years and are accounted for as sales-type leases with fully guaranteed residual values. At the inception of the contracts, we determine if the contract is or contains a lease. A contract is or contains a lease if it conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration.

With the adoption of ASC 842, all leases for which we are the lessor meet the definition of sales-type leases. In addition, as required under ASC 842, all cash flows from lease receipts are classified as operating activities on the consolidated statement of cash flows beginning January 1, 2019. We previously presented all cash flows from lease receipts as investing activities.

As of September 30, 2019 and January 1, 2019, the investment in lease receivables was as follows:
 
 
September 30, 2019
 
January 1, 2019
Future minimum payments to be received on leases
 
$
146.9

 
$
140.0

Guaranteed residual lease values
 
138.2

 
151.0

Total minimum lease payments to be received
 
285.1

 
291.0

Unearned income
 
(33.3
)
 
(28.7
)
Net investment in leases
 
251.8

 
262.3

 
 
 
 
 
Current maturities of lease receivables
 
126.1

 
129.6

Less—allowance for doubtful accounts
 
(0.6
)
 
(0.5
)
Current portion of lease receivables—net of allowance
 
125.5

 
129.1

 
 
 
 
 
Lease receivables—noncurrent
 
$
126.3

 
$
133.2



The amounts to be received on lease receivables as of September 30, 2019 were as follows:
(in millions)
 
September 30, 2019
Remaining 2019
 
$
35.8

2020
 
142.8

2021
 
75.7

2022
 
30.6

2023
 
0.2

2024 and thereafter
 

Total undiscounted lease cash flows
 
285.1

Amount representing interest
 
(33.3
)
Present value of lease receivables
 
251.8

Current lease receivables, net of allowance
 
(125.5
)
Long-term lease receivable
 
$
126.3



Leases are generally placed on nonaccrual status (nonaccrual of interest and other fees) when a payment becomes 90 days past due or upon receipt of notification of bankruptcy, upon the death of a customer, or in other instances in which management concludes collectability is not reasonably assured. The accrual of interest and other fees is resumed when all payments are less than 60 days past due. At September 30, 2019, there were $0.3 million of lease payments greater than 90 days past due. The terms of the lease agreements generally give us the ability to take possession of the underlying asset in the event of default. We may incur credit losses in excess of recorded allowances if the full amount of any anticipated proceeds from the sale or re-lease of the asset supporting the third party’s financial obligation is not realized. Repossession and estimated reconditioning costs are recorded in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income in the period incurred.

Our lease payments primarily include base rentals and guaranteed residual values. In addition, we also collect one-time administrative fees and heavy vehicle use tax on our leases. We have elected to not separate the different components within the contract as the administrative fees were not material for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019. We have also
elected to exclude all taxes assessed by a governmental authority from the consideration (e.g., heavy vehicle use tax). All of our leases require fixed payments, therefore we have no variable payment provisions.
Our leases contain an option for the lessee to return, extend, or purchase the equipment at the end of the lease term for the guaranteed contract residual amount. This is estimated to approximate the fair value of the equipment. Equipment is leased under sales-type leases where the lessees guarantee the residual value of the equipment. The table below provides additional information on our sales-type leases.
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2019
Revenue
 
$
50.9

 
$
159.8

Cost of goods sold
 
(46.8
)
 
(144.0
)
Operating profit
 
$
4.1

 
$
15.8

 
 
 
 
 
Interest income on lease receivable
 
$
7.0

 
$
20.4

Initial direct cost incurred
 

 



The amounts to be received on lease receivables as of December 31, 2018 under ASC 840 were as follows:
(in millions)
 
December 31, 2018
2019
 
$
149.0

2020
 
112.7

2021
 
29.0

2022
 
0.3

2023
 

2024 and thereafter
 

Total
 
$
291.0


v3.19.3
Revenue Recognition
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]  
Revenue from Contract with Customer [Text Block] REVENUE RECOGNITION

Disaggregated Revenues

The majority of our revenues are related to transportation and have similar characteristics. The following table summarizes our revenues by type of service, and each type of service is further described below.
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
Disaggregated Revenues (in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Transportation
 
$
1,093.9

 
$
1,175.0

 
$
3,297.7

 
$
3,362.9

Logistics management
 
32.3

 
57.7

 
120.1

 
163.7

Other
 
57.7

 
47.4

 
172.9

 
128.8

Total operating revenues
 
$
1,183.9

 
$
1,280.1

 
$
3,590.7

 
$
3,655.4


Transportation
Transportation revenues relate to the Truckload and Intermodal reportable segments, as well as to our brokerage business, which is included in the Logistics reportable segment.

In the Transportation portfolio, our service obligation to customers is satisfied over time. We do not believe there is a significant impact on the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue or cash flows based on the mode of transportation. The economic factors that impact our transportation revenue are generally consistent across these modes given the relatively short-term nature of each contract. For the majority of our transportation business, the “contract with a customer” is identified as an individual order under a negotiated agreement. Some consideration is variable in that a final transaction price is uncertain and is susceptible to factors outside of Schneider's influence, such as the weather or the accumulation of accessorial charges. Pricing information is supplied by rate schedules that accompany negotiated contracts.

Logistics Management

Logistics Management revenues relate to our Supply Chain Management and Import/Export Services operating segments, both of which are included in our Logistics reportable segment. Within this portfolio, the key service we provide to the customer is management of freight shipping and/or storage.

Other
Other revenues relate to activities that are out of scope for purposes of ASC 606, including our leasing and captive insurance businesses.

Quantitative Disclosure

The following table provides information related to transactions and expected timing of revenue recognition related to performance obligations that are fixed in nature and relate to contracts with terms greater than one year as of date shown:
Remaining Performance Obligations (in millions)
 
September 30, 2019
Expected to be recognized within one year
 
 
Transportation
 
$
10.5

Logistics Management
 
8.6

Expected to be recognized after one year
 
 
Transportation
 
1.3

Logistics Management
 
6.9

Total
 
$
27.3



This disclosure does not include revenue related to performance obligations that are part of a contract whose original expected duration is one year or less. In addition, this disclosure does not include expected consideration related to performance obligations for which the Company elects to recognize revenue in the amount it has a right to invoice (e.g., usage-based pricing terms).

The following table provides information related to contract balances associated with our contracts with customers as of the dates shown.
Contract Balances (in millions)
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Other current assets - Contract assets
 
$
25.8

 
$
21.7

Other current liabilities - Contract liabilities
 

 



We generally receive payment within 40 days of completion of performance obligations. Contract assets in the table above relate to revenue in-transit at the end of the reporting period. Contract liabilities relate to amounts that customers paid in advance of the associated service.
v3.19.3
Fair Value
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
Fair Value FAIR VALUE

Fair value focuses on the estimated price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability, which is referred to as the exit price. Inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value fall into three broad levels (Levels 1, 2, and 3) as follows:

Level 1—Observable inputs that reflect quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that we have the ability to access at the measurement date.

Level 2—Observable inputs, other than quoted prices included in Level 1, for the asset or liability or prices for similar assets and liabilities.

Level 3—Unobservable inputs reflecting the reporting entity’s estimates of the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability (including assumptions about risk).

Assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. All marketable securities were valued based on quoted prices for similar assets in active markets or quoted prices for identical or similar assets in markets that are not active (Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy). We measure our marketable securities on a recurring, monthly basis. See Note 5Investments, for information on the fair value of our marketable securities.

In connection with the June 1, 2016 acquisition of WSL, a contingent payment arrangement based on the achievement of specified earnings targets was in place for three consecutive 12-month periods after the closing, with the aggregate payment total not to exceed $40.0 million. No payments were made under the agreement which expired June 30, 2019, and the balance as of December 31, 2018 was zero.

Our ownership interest in PSI discussed in Note 5, Investments, was valued based on Level 3 inputs.

There were no transfers between levels for the periods shown.

Fair Value of Other Financial Instruments

The recorded value of cash, trade accounts receivable, lease receivables, and trade accounts payable approximates fair value.

The table below presents the carrying value of our debt portfolio along with the fair value of a fixed-rate debt portfolio with similar terms and maturities, which is based on borrowing rates available to us in the applicable year. This valuation used Level 2 inputs.
 
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
(in millions)
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
Fixed-rate debt portfolio
 
$
401.3

 
$
408.9

 
$
405.0

 
$
398.4


v3.19.3
Investments
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Investments Schedule [Abstract]  
Investment [Text Block] INVESTMENTS

Marketable Securities
Our marketable securities are classified as available for sale and carried at fair value in current assets on the consolidated balance sheets. Our portfolio of securities has maturities ranging from 3 to 81 months. While our intent is to hold our securities to maturity, sudden changes in the market or to our liquidity needs may cause us to sell certain securities in advance of their maturity date.

Any unrealized gains and losses, net of tax, are included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss on the consolidated balance sheets, unless we determine that an unrealized loss is other-than-temporary. If we determine that an unrealized loss is other-than-temporary, we recognize the loss in earnings. We did not have any other-than-temporary impairments for either of the periods ended September 30, 2019 and 2018. Cost basis is determined using the specific identification method.

The following table presents the values of our marketable securities as of the dates shown:
 
 
September 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
(in millions)
 
Amortized Cost
 
Fair Value
 
Amortized Cost
 
Fair Value
Zero coupon bonds
 
$
2.0

 
$
2.0

 
$
3.9

 
$
3.9

U.S. treasury and government agencies
 
19.0

 
19.0

 
20.0

 
19.8

Asset-backed securities
 
0.1

 
0.1

 
0.1

 
0.1

Corporate debt securities
 
14.1

 
14.5

 
15.1

 
15.0

State and municipal bonds
 
11.6

 
11.8

 
12.5

 
12.5

Total marketable securities
 
$
46.8

 
$
47.4

 
$
51.6

 
$
51.3



Gross realized gains and losses on marketable securities were not material for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018. Gross unrealized gains and losses on marketable securities were not material for the periods ended September 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018.


Ownership Interest in Platform Science, Inc.
In 2018, we acquired a 30% ownership interest in PSI in exchange for granting PSI a non-exclusive license to our proprietary telematics mobile software that was developed to enable driver productivity and ensure regulatory compliance. Our ownership interest in PSI is being accounted for under ASC 321, Investments - Equity Securities and is recorded at fair value in other noncurrent assets on the consolidated balance sheets. The fair value of the ownership interest as of December 31, 2018 was determined to be $3.5 million through an independent valuation. As of September 30, 2019, there have been no transactions that would indicate that the value of our ownership interest in PSI changed.
v3.19.3
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Goodwill and Intangible Assets Disclosure [Abstract]  
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets GOODWILL