2. NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
Adoption of New Accounting Standard
The Company has adopted Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) and all subsequent amendments as of January 1, 2019. Topic 842 requires a lessee to recognize the following for all leases, except short-term leases, at the commencement date: (1) a lease liability which is a lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis; and (2) a right-of-use asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term. Topic 842 also requires expanded disclosures.
Topic 842 permits entities to use a modified retrospective transition approach to apply the guidance as of the beginning of the earliest period presented in the financial statements in the period adopted or the optional transition method which allows entities to apply the new guidance at the adoption date and record a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption, and not to restate the comparative periods presented.
The Company adopted Topic 842 as of January 1, 2019 using the optional transition method. Therefore, the comparative financial information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. The adoption of the standard resulted in the recognition of net operating lease right-of-use assets of $28.4 million and operating lease liabilities of $29.3 million on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 1, 2019 primarily related to its real estate operating leases. The operating lease right-of-use assets includes the impact of deferred rent. The Company does not have any finance leases.
Also, upon adoption, the Company recorded a cumulative-effect adjustment, after tax, of $5,652 (a valuation allowance was established against the full amount of the net deferred taxes of $1,387) to increase retained earnings for the amount of a previously deferred gain on a sale-leaseback transaction that closed in 2018. Such gain recorded on the sale-leaseback transaction would have been fully recognized under Topic 842.
The Company elected to apply the package of practical expedients upon transition, which includes no reassessment of whether existing contracts are or contain leases and allowed for the lease classification for existing leases to be retained. The Company did not elect the practical expedient to use hindsight, and accordingly the initial lease term did not differ under the new standard versus prior accounting practice. After transition, in certain instances, the cost of renewal options will be recognized earlier in the term of the lease than under the previous lease accounting rules. The operating lease agreements include lease and non-lease components for which the Company elected the practical expedient to not separate non-lease components from the lease components but instead to combine them and account for them as a single lease component and will continue to do so for its real estate operating leases. The Company has selected as its accounting policy to keep leases with a term of twelve months or less off the balance sheet and recognize these lease payments on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
The Company has recorded operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities in its condensed consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2019. The lessors’ rate implicit in the operating leases was not available to the Company and was not determinable from the terms of the lease. Therefore, the Company used its incremental borrowing rate to determine the present value of the future lease payments. The incremental borrowing rates were not observable and therefore, the rates were estimated primarily using a methodology dependent on the Company’s financial condition, creditworthiness, and availability of certain observable data. In particular, the Company considered its actual cost of borrowing for collateralized loans and its credit rating, along with the corporate bond yield curve in estimating its incremental borrowing rates. These estimated incremental borrowing rates were applied to future lease payments to determine the present value of the operating lease liability for each lease.
The new standard did not have a significant impact on the timing or measurement of lease expense in the condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive loss and had no impact on the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2019. As noted above, the comparative prior period information for the three months ended March 31, 2018 has not been adjusted and continues to be reported under the Company’s historical lease recognition policies under ASC Topic 840, Leases.
The disclosure requirements of Topic 842 are included within Note 13, Leases.
Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Adopted
In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which is intended to improve financial reporting by requiring the recording of credit losses on financial assets, including receivables, on a more timely basis. The guidance will replace the current incurred loss accounting model with an expected loss approach. The new methodology requires an entity to estimate the credit losses expected over the life of an exposure based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. The guidance requires enhanced disclosures to help investors and other financial statement users better understand significant estimates and judgments used in estimating credit losses. ASU No. 2016-13 is effective for annual periods and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2019. The effect of adoption of the standard is required as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which ASU No. 2016-13 is effective. The Company has not yet determined the magnitude of any such one-time adjustment or the overall impact of ASU No. 2016-13 on its consolidated financial statements.