NOTE 1—THE COMPANY AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Match Group, Inc. is a leading provider of subscription dating products servicing North America, Western Europe, Asia, and many other regions around the world through applications and websites that we own and operate. We operate a portfolio of brands, including Tinder, Match, PlentyOfFish, Meetic, OkCupid, OurTime, and Pairs as well as a number of other brands, each designed to increase our users’ likelihood of finding a meaningful connection. Through our portfolio of trusted brands, we provide tailored products to meet the varying preferences of our users. We currently offer our dating products in 42 languages across more than 190 countries. Match Group has one operating segment, Dating, which is managed as a portfolio of dating brands.
As of September 30, 2018, IAC/InterActiveCorp’s (“IAC”) economic ownership interest and voting interest in Match Group were 80.9% and 97.5%, respectively.
All references to “Match Group,” the “Company,” “we,” “our,” or “us” in this report are to Match Group, Inc.
Basis of Presentation and Consolidation
The Company prepares its consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”).
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, all entities that are wholly-owned by the Company and all entities in which the Company has a controlling financial interest. All intercompany transactions and balances between and among the Company, its subsidiaries and the entities comprising Match Group have been eliminated.
Investments in equity securities, other than those of our consolidated subsidiaries, are accounted for at fair value or under the measurement alternative of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, upon its adoption on January 1, 2018, with changes recognized within other income (expense), net each reporting period. Under the measurement alternative, equity investments without readily determinable fair values are carried at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer. Under the measurement alternative, the value of our equity securities without readily determinable fair values is generally determined based on a market approach as of the transaction date. An investment will be considered identical or similar if it has identical or similar rights to the equity investments held by the Company. The Company reviews impairment of our equity securities each reporting period when there are qualitative indicators that may indicate impairment. Once the qualitative indicators are identified and the fair value of the security is less than its carrying value, the Company will write down the security to its fair value and record the corresponding charge within other income (expense), net. See “Accounting Pronouncements adopted by the Company” below for further information.
In management’s opinion, the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited consolidated financial statements and reflect, in management’s opinion, all adjustments, consisting of normal and recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair presentation of our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated and combined statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.
For the purposes of these financial statements, income taxes have been computed for Match Group on an as if stand-alone, separate tax return basis.
Management of the Company is required to make certain estimates, judgments, and assumptions during the preparation of its consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP. These estimates, judgments, and assumptions impact the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, and expenses and the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates and judgments including those related to: the recoverability of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets; the useful lives and recoverability of definite-lived intangible assets and property and equipment; the fair values of equity securities without readily determinable fair values; the carrying value of accounts receivable, including the determination of the allowance for doubtful accounts; the determination of revenue reserves; the fair value of acquisition-related contingent consideration arrangements; unrecognized tax benefits; the valuation allowance for deferred income tax assets; and the fair value of and forfeiture rates for stock-based awards, among others. The Company bases its estimates and judgments on historical experience, its forecasts and budgets and other factors that the Company considers relevant.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting Pronouncements adopted by the Company
In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU No. 2014-09 superseded nearly all previous revenue recognition guidance. The Company adopted ASU No. 2014-09 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective transition method for open contracts as of the date of initial application. There is no cumulative impact to the Company’s retained earnings at January 1, 2018. See “Note 2—Revenue Recognition” for additional information on the impact to the Company.
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, which updates certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. Under ASU No. 2016-01, equity securities, other than those of our consolidated subsidiaries, will be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in the statement of operations each reporting period. ASU No. 2016-01 is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company’s adoption of ASU No. 2016-01 effective January 1, 2018 did not have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements. The adoption of ASU No. 2016-01 may increase the volatility of our results of operations as a result of the remeasurement of these investments.
In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Restricted Cash, which requires companies to explain the changes in the total of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents in the statement of cash flows. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents are combined with unrestricted cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning and end of period balances on the statement of cash flows. Additionally, when cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and restricted cash equivalents are presented within different captions on the balance sheet, a reconciliation of the totals in the statement of cash flows to the related captions in the balance sheet is required. ASU No. 2016-18 is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company’s adoption of ASU No. 2016-18 effective January 1, 2018, on a retrospective basis, did not have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements.
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the consolidated balance sheet to the total amounts shown in the consolidated statement of cash flows:
September 30, 2018
December 31, 2017
September 30, 2017
December 31, 2016
Cash and cash equivalents
Restricted cash included in other current assets
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash as shown on the consolidated statement of cash flow
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which largely aligns the measurement and classification guidance for share-based payments granted to non-employees with the guidance for share-based payments granted to employees. The new guidance supersedes Subtopic 505-50, Equity - Equity-Based payments to Nonemployees. ASU No. 2018-07 is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU No. 2018-07 effective April 1, 2018 and its adoption did not have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements. The effect of the adoption of ASU No. 2018-07 will be to minimize the volatility of expense related to stock-based awards to non-employees in the future.
Accounting Pronouncement not yet adopted by the Company
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which supersedes existing guidance on accounting for leases and generally requires all leases to be recognized in the statement of financial position. The provisions of ASU No. 2016-02 are effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company will adopt the new lease guidance effective January 1, 2019. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements, which provides the option of an additional transition method that allows entities to initially apply the new lease guidance at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The Company expects to implement the transition method option provided by ASU No. 2018-11.
The Company is not a lessor, has no capitalized leases, and does not expect to enter into any capitalized leases prior to the adoption of ASU No. 2016-02. Accordingly, the Company does not expect the amount or classification of rent expense in its statement of operations to be affected by the adoption of ASU No. 2016-02. The primary effect of the adoption of ASU No. 2016-02 will be the recognition of a right of use asset and related liability to reflect the Company's rights and obligations under its operating leases. The Company will also be required to provide the additional disclosures stipulated in ASU No. 2016-02.
The adoption of ASU No. 2016-02 will not have an impact on the leverage calculation set forth in any of the agreements governing the outstanding debt of the Company, or our credit agreement, because in each circumstance, the leverage calculations are not affected by the liability that will be recorded upon adoption of the new standard.
While the Company's evaluation of the impact of the adoption of ASU No. 2016-02 on its consolidated financial statements continues, outlined below is a summary of the status of the Company's progress:
the Company has selected a software solution to implement ASU No. 2016-02;
the Company has input lease summaries into the software solution;
the Company is assessing the other inputs required in connection with the adoption of ASU No. 2016-02; and
the Company is developing its accounting policy, procedures and internal controls related to the new standard.
Development of our selected software solution is ongoing, as it is not yet fully compliant with the requirements of ASU No. 2016-02. The timely readiness of the software solution is critical to ensure an efficient and effective adoption of ASU No. 2016-02. The Company's ability to calculate an estimate of the right of use asset and related liability is dependent upon the readiness of the software solution.
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.