Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires management to use judgment and make estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The level of uncertainty in estimates and assumptions increases with the length of time until the underlying transactions are completed. The most significant assumptions and estimates involved in preparing the financial statements include allowances for customer deductions, sales returns, sales discounts and doubtful accounts, estimates related to the Company’s new customer loyalty program, estimates of inventory recovery, the valuation of share-based compensation, valuation of deferred taxes and the estimated useful lives used for amortization and depreciation of intangible assets and property and equipment. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior periods’ financial information in order to conform to the current period’s presentation. The Company reclassified $11.3 million of transaction costs recorded in Fiscal 2017 in connection with the acquisition of MKHKL from selling, general and administrative expenses to restructuring and other charges in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income to provide a more transparent disclosure of these costs. In addition, the Company reclassified $6.6 million and $21.1 million of excess tax benefits from net cash used in financing activities to net cash provided by operating activities in Fiscal 2017 and Fiscal 2016, respectively, within the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows, in connection with the adoption of ASU No. 2016-09.
The Company experiences certain effects of seasonality with respect to its business. The Company’s MK Retail segment generally experiences greater sales during its third fiscal quarter as a result of holiday season sales. The MK Wholesale segment generally experiences the lowest sales in its first fiscal quarter. The Jimmy Choo segment generally experiences greater sales during its third fiscal quarter, primarily driven by the product launch calendar and holiday season sales. In the aggregate, the Company’s first fiscal quarter typically experiences less sales volume relative to the other three quarters and its third fiscal quarter generally has higher sales volume relative to the other three quarters.
Revenue is recognized when there is persuasive evidence of an arrangement, delivery has occurred, the price has been fixed and determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. The Company recognizes retail store revenues upon sale of its products to retail consumers, net of estimated returns. Revenue from sales through the Company’s e-commerce sites is recognized at the time of delivery to the customer, reduced by an estimate of returns. Wholesale revenue is recognized net of estimates for sales returns, discounts, markdowns and allowances, after merchandise is shipped and the title and risk of loss are transferred to the Company’s wholesale customers. To arrive at net sales for retail, gross sales are reduced by actual customer returns as well as by a provision for estimated future customer returns, which is based on management’s review of historical and current customer returns. Sales taxes collected from retail customers are presented on a net basis and, as such, are excluded from revenue. To arrive at net sales for wholesale, gross sales are reduced by provisions for estimated future returns, based on current expectations, as well as trade discounts, markdowns, allowances, operational chargebacks, and certain cooperative selling expenses. These estimates are based on such factors as historical trends, actual and forecasted performance, and market conditions, which are reviewed by management on a quarterly basis.
The following table details the activity and balances of the Company’s sales reserves for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2018, April 1, 2017, and April 2, 2016 (in millions):
Fiscal year ended March 31, 2018
Fiscal year ended April 1, 2017
Fiscal year ended April 2, 2016
Total Sales Reserves:
Fiscal year ended March 31, 2018
Fiscal year ended April 1, 2017
Fiscal year ended April 2, 2016
Royalty revenue generated from product licenses, which includes contributions for advertising, is based on reported sales of licensed products bearing the Company’s tradenames at rates specified in the license agreements. These agreements are also subject to contractual minimum levels. Royalty revenue generated by geographic licensing agreements is recognized as it is earned under the licensing agreements based on reported sales of licensees applicable to specified periods, as outlined in the agreements. These agreements allow for the use of the Company’s tradenames to sell its branded products in specific geographic regions.
During Fiscal 2018, the Company launched its Michael Kors customer loyalty program in the U.S., which allows customers to earn points on qualifying purchases toward monetary and non-monetary rewards that may be redeemed for purchases at the Company’s U.S. retail stores and e-commerce site. The Company defers a portion of the initial sales transaction based on the estimated relative fair value of the benefits using statistical formulas based on projected timing of future redemptions and historical activity. These amounts include estimated “breakage” for points that are not expected to be redeemed. The deferred revenue, net of an estimated “breakage,” is recorded as a reduction to revenue in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income and within accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.
Advertising and Marketing Costs
Advertising and marketing costs are expensed over the period of benefit and are recorded in general and administrative expenses. Advertising and marketing expense was $167.1 million, $118.7 million and $103.9 million in Fiscal 2018, Fiscal 2017 and Fiscal 2016, respectively.
Cooperative advertising expense, which represents the Company’s participation in advertising expenses of its wholesale customers, is reflected as a reduction of net sales. Expenses related to cooperative advertising for Fiscal 2018, Fiscal 2017 and Fiscal 2016, were $6.3 million, $5.4 million and $7.4 million, respectively.
Shipping and Handling
Freight-in expenses are recorded as part of cost of goods sold, along with product costs and other costs to acquire inventory. The costs of preparing products for sale, including warehousing expenses, are included in selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses also include the costs of shipping products to the Company’s e-commerce customers. Shipping and handling costs included within selling, general and administrative expenses in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income were $107.6 million, $102.1 million and $98.6 million for Fiscal 2018, Fiscal 2017 and Fiscal 2016, respectively. Shipping and handling costs charged to customers are included in total revenue.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
All highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less are considered to be cash equivalents. Included in the Company’s cash and cash equivalents as of March 31, 2018 and April 1, 2017 are credit card receivables of $21.2 million and $13.9 million, respectively, which generally settle within two to three business days.
At March 31, 2018 and April 1, 2017, the Company had restricted cash of $0.3 million and $1.9 million, respectively, primarily related to European customs obligations, which was recorded within prepaid expenses and other current assets in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.
Inventories consist of finished goods and are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined using the weighted-average cost method. Costs include amounts paid to independent manufacturers, plus duties and freight to bring the goods to the Company’s warehouses, which are located in the United States, Canada, Holland, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates, China, Japan, Hong Kong and South Korea. The Company continuously evaluates the composition of its inventory and makes adjustments when the cost of inventory is not expected to be fully recoverable. The net realizable value of the Company’s inventory is estimated based on historical experience, current and forecasted demand, and market conditions. In addition, reserves for inventory losses are estimated based on historical experience and physical inventory counts. The Company’s inventory reserves are estimates, which could vary significantly from actual results if future economic conditions, customer demand or competition differ from expectations. Our historical estimates of these adjustments have not differed materially from actual results.
Store Pre-opening Costs
Costs associated with the opening of new retail stores and start up activities, are expensed as incurred.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization (carrying value). Depreciation is recorded on a straight-line basis over the expected remaining useful lives of the related assets. Equipment, furniture and fixtures, are depreciated over five to seven years, computer hardware and software are depreciated over three to five years. The Company’s share of the cost of constructing in-store shop displays within its wholesale customers’ floor-space (“shop-in-shops”), which is paid directly to third-party suppliers, is capitalized as property and equipment and is generally amortized over a useful life of three to four years. Leasehold improvements are amortized using the straight-line method over the shorter of the estimated remaining useful lives of the related assets or the remaining lease term, including highly probable renewal periods. The Company includes all depreciation and amortization expense as a component of total operating expenses, as the underlying long-lived assets are not directly or indirectly related to bringing the Company’s products to their existing location and condition. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense in the year incurred.
The Company capitalizes, in property and equipment, direct costs incurred during the application development stage and the implementation stage for developing, purchasing or otherwise acquiring software for its internal use. These costs are amortized over the estimated useful lives of the software, generally five years. All costs incurred during the preliminary project stage, including project scoping and identification and testing of alternatives, are expensed as incurred.
Definite-Lived Intangible Assets
The Company’s definite-lived intangible assets consist of trademarks, lease rights and customer relationships and are stated at cost less accumulated amortization. Michael Kors trademarks are amortized over twenty years, customer relationships are amortized over five to eighteen years, and lease rights are amortized over the terms of the related lease agreements, including highly probable renewal periods, on a straight-line basis. Reacquired rights recorded in connection with the acquisition of MKHKL are amortized through March 31, 2041, the original expiration date of the Company’s license agreement in the Greater China region.
Impairment of Long-lived Assets
The Company evaluates its long-lived assets, including fixed assets and definite-lived intangible assets, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of any such asset may not be recoverable. The Company’s impairment testing is based on its best estimate of its future operating cash flows. If the sum of estimated undiscounted future cash flows associated with the asset is less than the asset’s carrying value, an impairment charge is recognized, which is measured as the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value of the asset. These estimates of cash flow require significant management judgment and certain assumptions about future volume, sales and expense growth rates, devaluation and inflation. As such, these estimates may differ from actual cash flows.
Goodwill and Other Indefinite-lived Intangible Assets
The Company records intangible assets based on their fair value on the date of acquisition. Goodwill is recorded for the difference between the fair value of the purchase consideration over the fair value of the net identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired. The brand intangible asset recorded in connection with the Jimmy Choo acquisition was determined to be an indefinite-lived intangible asset, which is not subject to amortization. The Company performs an impairment assessment of goodwill and the Jimmy Choo brand intangible asset on an annual basis, or whenever impairment indicators exist. In the absence of any impairment indicators, goodwill and the Jimmy Choo brand are assessed for impairment during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year. Judgments regarding the existence of impairment indicators are based on market conditions and operational performance of the business.
The Company may assess its goodwill and its indefinite-lived intangible asset for impairment initially using a qualitative approach to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of these assets is greater than their carrying value. When performing a qualitative test, the Company assesses various factors including industry and market conditions, macroeconomic conditions and performance of the Company's businesses. If the results of the qualitative assessment indicate that it is more likely than not that the Company’s goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are impaired, a quantitative impairment analysis would be performed to determine if impairment is required. The Company may also elect to perform a quantitative analysis of goodwill and its indefinite-lived intangible asset initially rather than using a qualitative approach.
The impairment testing for goodwill is performed at the reporting unit level. The valuation methods used in the quantitative fair value assessment, discounted cash flow and market multiples method, require the Company’s management to make certain assumptions and estimates regarding certain industry trends and future profitability of the Company’s reporting units. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds the related carrying value, the reporting unit's goodwill is considered not to be impaired and no further testing is performed. If the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss is recorded for the difference. The valuation of goodwill is affected by, among other things, the Company’s business plan for the future and estimated results of future operations. Future events could cause the Company to conclude that impairment indicators exist, and, therefore, that goodwill may be impaired.
If the Company elects to perform a quantitative impairment assessment of the Company's indefinite-lived intangible asset, the fair value of the Jimmy Choo brand is estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis based on the "relief from royalty" method, assuming that a third party would be willing to pay a royalty in lieu of ownership for this intangible asset. This approach is dependent on many factors, including estimates of future growth, royalty rates, and discount rates. Actual future results may differ from these estimates. Impairment loss is recognized when the estimated fair value of the Jimmy Choo brand intangible assets is less than its carrying amount.
There were no impairment charges related to goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets in any of the fiscal periods presented. See Note 12 for information relating to the Company’s annual impairment analysis performed during the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2018.
The Company uses a combination of insurance and self-insurance for losses related to a number of risks, including workers’ compensation and employee-related health care benefits. The Company also maintains stop-loss coverage with third-party insurers to limit its exposure arising from claims. Self-insurance claims filed and claims incurred but not reported are accrued based upon management’s estimates of the discounted cost for self-insured claims incurred using actuarial assumptions, historical loss experience, actual payroll and other data. Although the Company believes that it can reasonably estimate losses related to these claims, actual results could differ from these estimates.
The Company also maintains other types of customary business insurance policies, including business interruption insurance. Insurance recoveries represent gain contingencies and are recorded upon actual settlement with the insurance carrier. During Fiscal 2017, the Company received an insurance settlement of $3.8 million related to the prior-year disruption to our former third party operated e-commerce fulfillment center. This amount was recorded within other income in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income for Fiscal 2017.
The Company grants share-based awards to certain employees and directors of the Company. The grant date fair value of share options is calculated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Beginning in Fiscal 2018, the Company began using its own historical experience in determining the expected holding period and volatility of its time-based share option awards. In prior periods, the Company used the simplified method for determining the expected life of its options and average volatility rates of similar actively traded companies over the estimated holding period, due to insufficient historical option exercise experience as a public company. The risk-free interest rate is derived from the zero-coupon U.S. Treasury Strips yield curve based on the grant’s estimated holding period. Determining the grant date fair value of share-based awards requires considerable judgment, including estimating expected volatility, expected term and risk-free rate. If factors change and the Company employs different assumptions, the fair value of future awards and the resulting share-based compensation expense may differ significantly from what the Company has estimated in the past.
The closing market price of the Company’s shares on the date of grant is used to determine the grant date fair value of restricted shares, restricted shares units (RSUs) and performance RSUs. These fair values are recognized as expense over the requisite service period, net of estimated forfeitures, based on expected attainment of pre-established performance goals for performance grants, or the passage of time for those grants which have only time-based vesting requirements.
Foreign Currency Translation and Transactions
The financial statements of the majority of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries are measured using the local currency as the functional currency. The Company’s functional currency is the United States Dollar (“USD”) for MKHL and its United States based subsidiaries. Assets and liabilities are translated using period-end exchange rates, while revenues and expenses are translated using average exchange rates over the reporting period. The resulting translation adjustments are recorded separately in shareholders’ equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). Foreign currency income and losses resulting from the re-measuring of transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of a particular entity are included in foreign currency (gain) loss on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.
Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company uses forward currency exchange contracts to manage its exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency for certain transactions. The Company, in its normal course of business, enters into transactions with foreign suppliers and seeks to minimize risks related to these transactions. The Company employs these forward currency contracts to hedge the Company’s cash flows, as they relate to foreign currency transactions. Certain of these contracts are designated as hedges for accounting purposes, while others remain undesignated. All of the Company’s derivative instruments are recorded in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets at fair value on a gross basis, regardless of their hedge designation.
In connection with the July 25, 2017 recommended cash offer for the entire issued and to be issued share capital of Jimmy Choo, the Company entered into a forward foreign currency exchange contract with a notional amount of £1.115 billion to mitigate its foreign currency exchange risk related to the acquisition. This derivative contract was not designated as an accounting hedge. Therefore, changes in fair value were recorded to foreign currency (gain) loss in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations. The Company’s accounting policy is to classify cash flows from derivative instruments in the same category as the cash flows from the items being hedged. Accordingly, the Company classified the $4.7 million realized gain relating to this derivative instrument within cash flows from investing activities for Fiscal 2018.
The Company designates certain contracts related to the purchase of inventory that qualify for hedge accounting as cash flow hedges. Formal hedge documentation is prepared for all derivative instruments designated as hedges, including description of the hedged item and the hedging instrument, the risk being hedged, and the manner in which hedge effectiveness will be assessed prospectively and retrospectively. The effective portion of changes in the fair value for contracts designated as cash flow hedges is recorded in equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) until the hedged item affects earnings. When the inventory related to forecasted inventory purchases that are being hedged is sold to a third party, the gains or losses deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) are recognized within cost of goods sold. The Company uses regression analysis to assess effectiveness of derivative instruments that are designated as hedges, which compares the change in the fair value of the derivative instrument to the change in the related hedged item. Effectiveness is assessed on a quarterly basis and any portion of the designated hedge contracts deemed ineffective is recorded to foreign currency gain (loss). If the hedge is no longer expected to be highly effective in the future, future changes in the fair value are recognized in earnings. For those contracts that are not designated as hedges, changes in the fair value are recorded to foreign currency gain (loss) in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. The Company classifies cash flows relating to its derivative instruments consistently with the classification of the hedged item, within cash flows from operating activities.
The Company is exposed to the risk that counterparties to derivative contracts will fail to meet their contractual obligations. In order to mitigate counterparty credit risk, the Company only enters into contracts with carefully selected financial institutions based upon their credit ratings and certain other financial factors, adhering to established limits for credit exposure. The aforementioned forward contracts generally have a term of no more than 12 months. The period of these contracts is directly related to the foreign transaction they are intended to hedge.
Deferred income tax assets and liabilities have been provided for temporary differences between the tax bases and financial reporting bases of the Company’s assets and liabilities using the tax rates and laws in effect for the periods in which the differences are expected to reverse. The Company periodically assesses the realizability of deferred tax assets and the adequacy of deferred tax liabilities, based on the results of local, state, federal or foreign statutory tax audits or estimates and judgments used.
Realization of deferred tax assets associated with net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards is dependent upon generating sufficient taxable income prior to their expiration in the applicable tax jurisdiction. The Company periodically reviews the recoverability of its deferred tax assets and provides valuation allowances, as deemed necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to amounts that more-likely-than-not will be realized. The Company’s management considers many factors when assessing the likelihood of future realization of deferred tax assets, including recent earnings results within various taxing jurisdictions, expectations of future taxable income, the carryforward periods remaining and other factors. Changes in the required valuation allowance are recorded in income in the period such determination is made. Deferred tax assets could be reduced in the future if the Company’s estimates of taxable income during the carryforward period are significantly reduced or alternative tax strategies are no longer viable.
The Company recognizes the impact of an uncertain income tax position taken on its income tax returns at the largest amount that is more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon audit by the relevant taxing authority. An uncertain income tax position will be recognized if it has less than a 50% likelihood of being sustained. The tax positions are analyzed periodically (at least quarterly) and adjustments are made as events occur that warrant adjustments for those positions. The Company records interest expense and penalties payable to relevant tax authorities as income tax expense.
Rent Expense, Deferred Rent and Landlord Construction Allowances
The Company leases office space, retail stores and distribution facilities under agreements that are classified as operating leases. Many of these operating leases include contingent rent provisions (percentage rent), and/or provide for certain landlord allowances related to tenant improvements and other relevant items. The recognition of rent expense for an operating lease commences on the earlier of the related lease commencement date or the date of possession of the property. Rent expense is calculated by recognizing total minimum rental payments (net of any rental abatements, construction allowances and other rental concessions) on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The difference between straight-line rent expense and rent paid is recorded as deferred rent, which is classified within short-term and long-term liabilities in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. The Company accounts for landlord allowances and incentives as a component of deferred rent, which is amortized over the lease term as a reduction of rent expense. The Company records rent expense as a component of selling, general and administrative expenses.
Debt Issuance Costs and Unamortized Discounts
The Company defers debt issuance costs directly associated with acquiring third party financing. These debt issuance costs and any discounts on issued debt are amortized on a straight-line basis, which approximates the effective interest method, as interest expense over the term of the related indebtedness. Deferred financing fees associated with the Company’s revolving credit facilities are recorded within prepaid expenses and other current assets. Deferred financing fees and unamortized discounts associated with the Company’s other borrowings are recorded as an offset to long-term debt in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. See Note 10 for additional information.
Net Income per Share
The Company’s basic net income per ordinary share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per ordinary share reflects the potential dilution that would occur if share option grants or any other potentially dilutive instruments, including restricted shares and units (“RSUs”), were exercised or converted into ordinary shares. These potentially dilutive securities are included in diluted shares to the extent they are dilutive under the treasury stock method for the applicable periods. Performance-based RSUs are included in diluted shares if the related performance conditions are considered satisfied as of the end of the reporting period and to the extent they are dilutive under the treasury stock method.
The components of the calculation of basic net income per ordinary share and diluted net income per ordinary share are as follows (in millions, except share and per share data):
Fiscal Years Ended
Net income attributable to MKHL
Basic weighted average shares
Weighted average dilutive share equivalents:
Share options and restricted shares/units, and performance restricted share units
Diluted weighted average shares
Basic net income per share
Diluted net income per share
Share equivalents for 1,662,889 shares, 2,034,658 shares and 2,255,271 shares, for Fiscal 2018, Fiscal 2017 and Fiscal 2016, respectively, have been excluded from the above calculation due to their anti-dilutive effect.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2017-01, “Business Combinations (Topic 805) - Clarifying the Definition of a Business,” to clarify the definition of a business in order to allow for the evaluation of whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions or disposals of assets or businesses. ASU 2017-01 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2017-01 during the three months ended December 30, 2017, which did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, “Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting,” which simplifies accounting and presentation of share-based payments, primarily relating to the recognition and classification of excess tax benefits, accounting for forfeitures and tax withholding requirements. The Company adopted ASU 2016-09 during the first quarter of Fiscal 2018, as required. Accordingly, during Fiscal 2018 excess tax benefits of $7.3 million which would have been previously reflected within additional paid-in capital, were recognized within the Company’s provision of income taxes. This change is expected to increase volatility in future provisions for income taxes. In addition, the Company eliminated windfall tax benefits from the treasury stock method calculation used to compute its diluted earnings per share. Both of the above changes have been adopted on a prospective basis, whereas cash flows related to excess tax benefits, previously reflected within financing activities, have been presented within operating activities within the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows on a retrospective basis. Cash flows related to excess tax benefits were $6.6 million during Fiscal 2017. The Company continues to reflect estimated forfeitures in its share-based compensation expense.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment,” which simplifies the test for goodwill impairment by eliminating Step 2 of goodwill impairment analysis, while retaining the option to perform an initial qualitative assessment for a reporting unit to determine if a quantitative impairment test is required. ASU 2017-04 is effective in the Company’s Fiscal 2021 with early adoption permitted and should be applied on a prospective basis. The Company early adopted the goodwill impairment testing provisions of ASU 2017-04 during the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2018, with no impact on its consolidated financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
The Company has considered all new accounting pronouncements and, other than the recent pronouncements discussed below, have concluded that there are no new pronouncements that may have a material impact on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows based on current information.
On August 28, 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-12, “Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities.” The new standard is intended to improve and simplify rules relating to hedge accounting, including the elimination of periodic hedge ineffectiveness, recognition and presentation of components excluded from hedge effectiveness assessment, the ability to elect to perform subsequent effectiveness assessments qualitatively, and other provisions designed to provide more transparency around the economics of a company’s hedging strategy. ASU 2017-12 is effective for the Company in Fiscal 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company plans to early adopt ASU 2017-12 in the first quarter of Fiscal 2019. The adoption of ASU 2017-12 is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements with respect to its existing forward foreign currency exchange contracts. However upon adoption, the Company will apply the spot method of designating these contracts under ASU 2017-12 to the net investment hedges that were executed during the first quarter of Fiscal 2019. See Note 22 for additional information.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which provides new guidance for revenues recognized from contracts with customers, and will replace the existing revenue recognition guidance. ASU 2014-09 requires that revenue is recognized at an amount the company is entitled to upon transferring control of goods or services to customers, as opposed to when risks and rewards transfer to a customer.
In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-14, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date,” which deferred the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year, making it effective for the interim reporting periods within the annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2017, or beginning with the Company’s Fiscal 2019. This standard may be applied retrospectively to all prior periods presented, or retrospectively with a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings in the year of adoption.
The FASB has issued several additional ASUs to provide implementation guidance on ASU No. 2014-09, including ASU No. 2016-20, “Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers” issued in December 2016, ASU No. 2016-12, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients” issued in May 2016, ASU No. 2016-10, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing” issued in April 2016, and ASU No. 2016-08, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net)” issued in March 2016. The Company will consider this guidance in evaluating the impact of ASU 2014-09 (collectively, “ASC 606”).
Most of our business is comprised of retail and wholesale operations, where revenue is recognized at a point of time. The Company has completed the initial assessment of the new standard and is currently progressing in its implementation. While the evaluation process is not complete, based on our assessment to date, the Company believes that some of the potential impacts of implementing this standard will include the timing of revenue recognition for its licensing royalties, recognition of breakage revenue for unredeemed gift cards, as well as expanded financial statement disclosures, including revenue recognition policies to identify performance obligations to customers and significant judgments in measurement and recognition.
The Company will adopt the standard beginning with the first quarter of Fiscal 2019, as required, using the modified retrospective method. The Company has completed its evaluation of the cumulative adjustment and has concluded that it will have an immaterial impact on its retained earnings. This adjustment will be primarily associated with unrecognized gift card breakage revenue and product licensing revenue previously recorded on a one-month lag.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842),” which requires lessees to recognize a lease liability and a right-to-use asset on the balance sheet for all leases, except certain short-term leases. ASU 2016-02 is effective beginning with the Company’s Fiscal 2020, with early adoption permitted, and must be implemented using a modified retrospective approach for all leases existing at, or entered into after the beginning of the earliest comparative period that is presented in the financial statements. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2016-02 on its consolidated financial statements but expects that the adoption of this standard will result in a significant increase in assets and liabilities on its consolidated balance sheets.
In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-09, “Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting”, which simplifies modification accounting for entities that change the terms or conditions of share-based awards. ASU 2017-09 is effective for the Company’s Fiscal 2019 with early adoption permitted and is required to be applied on a prospective basis. The Company will evaluate the impact of ASU 2017-09 on any future changes to the terms and conditions of its share-based compensation awards.
In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory”, which requires recognition of income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. ASU 2016-16 is effective and the Company will adopt the standard beginning with the first quarter of Fiscal 2019, as required, using the modified retrospective method. The Company has completed its evaluation of the cumulative adjustment and has concluded that it will have an immaterial impact on its retained earnings.