Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires management to use judgment and make estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The level of uncertainty in estimates and assumptions increases with the length of time until the underlying transactions are completed. The most significant assumptions and estimates involved in preparing the financial statements include allowances for customer deductions, sales returns, sales discounts and doubtful accounts, estimates related to the Company’s customer loyalty program and gift card breakage, estimates of inventory recovery, the valuation of share-based compensation, valuation of deferred taxes and the estimated useful lives used for amortization and depreciation of intangible assets and property and equipment. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior periods’ financial information in order to conform to the current period’s presentation.
The Company experiences certain effects of seasonality with respect to its business. The Company’s MK Retail segment generally experiences greater sales during its third fiscal quarter as a result of holiday season sales. The MK Wholesale segment generally experiences the lowest sales in its first fiscal quarter. The Jimmy Choo segment generally experiences greater sales during its first and third fiscal quarters, primarily driven by the product launch calendar and holiday season sales. In the aggregate, the Company’s first fiscal quarter typically experiences less sales volume relative to the other three quarters and its third fiscal quarter generally has higher sales volume relative to the other three quarters.
Derivative Financial Instruments
Forward Foreign Currency Exchange Contracts
The Company uses forward currency exchange contracts to manage its exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency for certain transactions. The Company, in its normal course of business, enters into transactions with foreign suppliers and seeks to minimize risks related to these transactions. The Company employs these forward currency contracts to hedge the Company’s cash flows, as they relate to foreign currency transactions. Certain of these contracts are designated as hedges for accounting purposes, while others remain undesignated. All of the Company’s derivative instruments are recorded in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets at fair value on a gross basis, regardless of their hedge designation.
The Company designates certain contracts related to the purchase of inventory that qualify for hedge accounting as cash flow hedges. Formal hedge documentation is prepared for all derivative instruments designated as hedges, including description of the hedged item and the hedging instrument and the risk being hedged. The changes in the fair value for contracts designated as cash flow hedges is recorded in equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) until the hedged item affects earnings. When the inventory related to forecasted inventory purchases that are being hedged is sold to a third party, the gains or losses deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) are recognized within cost of goods sold. The Company uses regression analysis to assess effectiveness of derivative instruments that are designated as hedges, which compares the change in the fair value of the derivative instrument to the change in the related hedged item. If the hedge is no longer expected to be highly effective in the future, future changes in the fair value are recognized in earnings. For those contracts that are not designated as hedges, changes in the fair value are recorded to foreign currency gain (loss) in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. The Company classifies cash flows relating to its forward foreign currency exchange contracts consistently with the classification of the hedged item, within cash flows from operating activities.
The Company is exposed to the risk that counterparties to derivative contracts will fail to meet their contractual obligations. In order to mitigate counterparty credit risk, the Company only enters into contracts with carefully selected financial institutions based upon their credit ratings and certain other financial factors, adhering to established limits for credit exposure. The aforementioned forward contracts generally have a term of no more than 12 months. The period of these contracts is directly related to the foreign transaction they are intended to hedge.
Net Investment Hedges
The Company also uses fixed-to-fixed cross currency swap agreements to hedge its net investments in foreign operations against future volatility in the exchange rates between our U.S. Dollars and these foreign currencies. The Company has elected the spot method of designating these contracts under ASU 2017-12, as defined below, and has designated these contracts as net investment hedges. The net gain or loss on net investment hedged is reported within foreign currency translation gains and losses (“CTA”), as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. Interest accruals and coupon payments are recognized directly in interest expense in the Company’s statement of operations and comprehensive income. Upon discontinuation of a hedge, all previously recognized amounts remain in CTA until the hedged net investment is sold, diluted, or liquidated.
Net Income per Share
The Company’s basic net income per ordinary share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per ordinary share reflects the potential dilution that would occur if share option grants or any other potentially dilutive instruments, including restricted shares and restricted share units (“RSUs”), were exercised or converted into ordinary shares. These potentially dilutive securities are included in diluted shares to the extent they are dilutive under the treasury stock method for the applicable periods. Performance-based RSUs are included in diluted shares if the related performance conditions are considered satisfied as of the end of the reporting period and to the extent they are dilutive under the treasury stock method.
The components of the calculation of basic net income per ordinary share and diluted net income per ordinary share are as follows (in millions, except share and per share data):
Three Months Ended
Net income attributable to MKHL
Basic weighted average shares
Weighted average dilutive share equivalents:
Share options and restricted shares/units, and performance restricted share units
Diluted weighted average shares
Basic net income per share
Diluted net income per share
Share equivalents of 648,398 shares and 2,485,827 shares for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and July 1, 2017, respectively, have been excluded from the above calculations due to their anti-dilutive effect.
See Note 2 in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018 for a complete disclosure of the Company’s significant accounting policies.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
On August 28, 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, “Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities.” The new standard is intended to improve and simplify rules relating to hedge accounting, including the elimination of periodic hedge ineffectiveness, recognition and presentation of components excluded from hedge effectiveness assessment, the ability to elect to perform subsequent effectiveness assessments qualitatively, and other provisions designed to provide more transparency around the economics of a company’s hedging strategy. ASU 2017-12 is effective for the Company in Fiscal 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2017-12 during the three months ended June 30, 2018, which resulted in a net increase to opening retained earnings of less than $0.1 million as of April 1, 2018, due to the elimination of ineffectiveness for cash flow hedges in effect as of the date of adoption. The Company has applied the spot method of designating its net investment hedges, which were executed during the three months ended June 30, 2018.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which provides new guidance for revenues recognized from contracts with customers, requiring that revenue is recognized at an amount the company is entitled to upon transferring control of goods or services to customers, as opposed to when risks and rewards transfer to a customer. In July 2015, ASU 2015-14, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date,” deferred the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year, to interim reporting periods within the annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2017, or the first quarter of the Company’s Fiscal 2019. This standard may be applied retrospectively to all prior periods presented, or retrospectively with a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings in the year of adoption (“modified retrospective method”).
The FASB has issued several additional ASUs to provide implementation guidance on ASU 2014-09, including ASU 2016-20, “Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers” in December 2016; ASU 2016-12, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients” in May 2016; ASU 2016-10, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing” in April 2016; and ASU 2016-08, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net)” in March 2016. The Company has considered this guidance in evaluating the impact of ASU 2014-09 (collectively, “ASC 606”).
On April 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective method and recognized the $6.7 million (net of a tax of $1.7 million) cumulative effect of adoption as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings. The below table details the components of the cumulative adjustment recorded on April 1, 2018 (in millions):
March 31, 2018
As Reported under ASC 605
ASC 606 Adjustments
April 1, 2018
As Reported Under ASC 606
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
Deferred tax liabilities
Includes a $3.5 million adjustment related to product licensing revenue, which was previously recorded on a one-month lag and $0.3 million of guaranteed advertising minimums recognized by product licensees on a straight-line basis over the contract year.
Relates to recognition of breakage revenue associated with gift card liabilities not subject to escheatment.
Relates to income tax effect of the above adjustments.
In addition, while the Company has previously recorded the right of return asset and liability on a gross basis, in connection with its adoption of ASC 606, it has reclassified the return liability of $17.5 million from receivables, net to accrued expenses and other current liabilities in its consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2018. Otherwise, the adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements as of and for the three months ended June 30, 2018, or any individual line items therein.
See Note 3 for additional disclosures related to the Company’s revenue recognition accounting policy.
In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, “Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting”, which simplifies modification accounting for entities that change the terms or conditions of share-based awards. ASU 2017-09 was adopted during the three months ended June 30, 2018, on a prospective basis. The adoption of this standard did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements. The Company will apply ASU 2017-09 to any future changes to the terms and conditions of its share-based compensation awards.
In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory”, which requires recognition of income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. The Company adopted ASU 2016-16 in the beginning of Fiscal 2019, as required, using the modified retrospective method. On April 1, 2018, the Company recorded the $4.9 million cumulative effect of adoption as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
We have considered all new accounting pronouncements and, other than the recent pronouncements discussed below, have concluded that there are no new pronouncements that may have a material impact on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows based on current information.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842),” which requires lessees to recognize a lease liability and a right-to-use asset on the balance sheet for all leases, except certain short-term leases. ASU 2016-02 is effective beginning with the Company’s Fiscal 2020, with early adoption permitted, and must be implemented using a modified retrospective approach for all leases existing at, or entered into after the beginning of the earliest comparative period that is presented in the financial statements. The Company is currently in the process of analyzing its lease portfolio and evaluating the impact of ASU 2016-02 on its consolidated financial statements. The Company expects that the adoption of this standard will result in a significant increase in assets and liabilities on its consolidated balance sheets.