Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires management to use judgment and make estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The level of uncertainty in estimates and assumptions increases with the length of time until the underlying transactions are completed. The most significant assumptions and estimates involved in preparing the financial statements include allowances for customer deductions, sales returns, sales discounts and doubtful accounts, estimates related to the Company’s customer loyalty program for Michael Kors, estimates of gift card breakage, estimates of inventory recovery, the valuation of share-based compensation, valuation of deferred taxes and the valuation of and the estimated useful lives used for amortization and depreciation of intangible assets and property and equipment. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior periods’ financial information in order to conform to the current period’s presentation, including the realignment of the Company’s segment reporting structure, as further described in Note 20.
The Company experiences certain effects of seasonality with respect to its business. The Company generally experiences greater sales during its third fiscal quarter, primarily driven by holiday season sales, and the lowest sales during its first fiscal quarter.
The Company accounts for contracts with its customers when there is approval and commitment from both parties, the rights of the parties and payment terms have been identified, the contract has commercial substance and collectability of consideration is probable. Revenue is recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to the Company's customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for goods or services. The Company recognizes retail store revenues when control of the product is transferred at the point of sale at Company owned stores, including concessions, net of estimated returns. Revenue from sales through the Company’s e-commerce sites is recognized at the time of delivery to the customer, reduced by an estimate of returns. Wholesale revenue is recognized net of estimates for sales returns, discounts, markdowns and allowances, after merchandise is shipped and control of the underlying product is transferred to the Company’s wholesale customers. To arrive at net sales for retail, gross sales are reduced by actual customer returns as well as by a provision for estimated future customer returns, which is based on management’s review of historical and current customer returns. Sales taxes collected from retail customers are presented on a net basis and, as such, are excluded from revenue. To arrive at net sales for wholesale, gross sales are reduced by provisions for estimated future returns, based on current expectations, as well as trade discounts, markdowns, allowances, operational chargebacks, and certain cooperative selling expenses. These estimates are based on such factors as historical trends, actual and forecasted performance, and current market conditions, which are reviewed by management on a quarterly basis.
The following table details the activity and balances of the Company’s sales reserves for the fiscal years ended March 30, 2019, March 31, 2018, and April 1, 2017 (in millions):
Fiscal year ended March 30, 2019
Fiscal year ended March 31, 2018
Fiscal year ended April 1, 2017
Total Sales Reserves:
Fiscal year ended March 30, 2019
Fiscal year ended March 31, 2018
Fiscal year ended April 1, 2017
Royalty revenue generated from product licenses, which includes contributions for advertising, is based on reported sales of licensed products bearing the Company’s trademarks at rates specified in the license agreements. These agreements are also subject to contractual minimum levels. Royalty revenue generated by geographic licensing agreements is recognized as it is earned under the licensing agreements based on reported sales of licensees applicable to specified periods, as outlined in the agreements. These agreements allow for the use of the Company’s tradenames to sell its branded products in specific geographic regions.
The Company has a Michael Kors customer loyalty program, which allows customers to earn points on qualifying purchases toward monetary and non-monetary rewards that may be redeemed for purchases at the Company’s retail stores and e-commerce site. The Company allocates a portion of the initial sales transaction based on the estimated relative fair value of the benefits using statistical formulas based on projected timing of future redemptions and historical activity. These amounts include estimated “breakage” for points that are not expected to be redeemed. The contract liability, net of an estimated “breakage,” is recorded as a reduction to revenue in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income and within accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. See Note 3 for additional information.
Advertising and Marketing Costs
Advertising and marketing costs are expensed over the period of benefit and are recorded in general and administrative expenses. Advertising and marketing expense was $158 million, $167 million and $119 million in Fiscal 2019, Fiscal 2018 and Fiscal 2017, respectively.
Cooperative advertising expense, which represents the Company’s participation in advertising expenses of its wholesale customers, is reflected as a reduction of net sales. Expenses related to cooperative advertising for Fiscal 2019, Fiscal 2018 and Fiscal 2017, were $8 million, $6 million and $5 million, respectively.
Shipping and Handling
Freight-in expenses are recorded as part of cost of goods sold, along with product costs and other costs to acquire inventory. The costs of preparing products for sale, including warehousing expenses, are included in selling, general and administrative expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses also include the costs of shipping products to the Company’s e-commerce customers. Shipping and handling costs included within selling, general and administrative expenses in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income were $132 million, $129 million and $126 million for Fiscal 2019, Fiscal 2018 and Fiscal 2017, respectively. Shipping and handling costs charged to customers are included in total revenue.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
All highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less are considered to be cash equivalents. Included in the Company’s cash and cash equivalents as of March 30, 2019 and March 31, 2018 are credit card receivables of $24 million and $21 million, respectively, which generally settle within two to three business days.
Inventories mainly consist of finished goods with the exception of raw materials inventory of $25 million and $1 million, respectively, recorded on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets as of March 30, 2019 and March 31, 2018. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined using the weighted-average cost method. Costs include amounts paid to independent manufacturers, plus duties and freight to bring the goods to the Company’s warehouses, which are located in the United States, Canada, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Italy, United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, China, Japan, Hong Kong and South Korea, as well as shipments to stores. The Company continuously evaluates the composition of its inventory and makes adjustments when the cost of inventory is not expected to be fully recoverable. The net realizable value of the Company’s inventory is estimated based on historical experience, current and forecasted demand, and market conditions. In addition, reserves for inventory losses are estimated based on historical experience and physical inventory counts. The Company’s inventory reserves are estimates, which could vary significantly from actual results if future economic conditions, customer demand or competition differ from expectations. Our historical estimates of these adjustments have not differed materially from actual results.
Store Pre-opening Costs
Costs associated with the opening of new retail stores and start up activities, are expensed as incurred.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization (carrying value). Depreciation is recorded on a straight-line basis over the expected remaining useful lives of the related assets. Equipment, furniture and fixtures, are depreciated over five to seven years, computer hardware and software are depreciated over three to five years. The Company’s share of the cost of constructing in-store shop displays within its wholesale customers’ floor-space (“shop-in-shops”), which is paid directly to third-party suppliers, is capitalized as property and equipment and is generally amortized over a useful life of three to five years. Leasehold improvements are amortized using the straight-line method over the shorter of the estimated remaining useful lives of the related assets or the remaining lease term, including highly probable renewal periods. The Company includes all depreciation and amortization expense as a component of total operating expenses, as the underlying long-lived assets are not directly or indirectly related to bringing the Company’s products to their existing location and condition. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense in the year incurred.
The Company capitalizes, in property and equipment, direct costs incurred during the application development stage and the implementation stage for developing, purchasing or otherwise acquiring software for its internal use. These costs are amortized over the estimated useful lives of the software, generally five years. All costs incurred during the preliminary project stage, including project scoping and identification and testing of alternatives, are expensed as incurred.
Definite-Lived Intangible Assets
The Company’s definite-lived intangible assets consist of trademarks, lease rights and customer relationships and are stated at cost less accumulated amortization. The Company’s customer relationships are amortized over five to eighteen years, and lease rights are amortized over the terms of the related lease agreements, including highly probable renewal periods, on a straight-line basis. Reacquired rights recorded in connection with the acquisition of MKHKL are amortized through March 31, 2041, the original expiration date of the Michael Kors license agreement in the Greater China region. The trademark for the Michael Kors brand is amortized over twenty years.
Impairment of Long-lived Assets
The Company evaluates its long-lived assets, including fixed assets and definite-lived intangible assets, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of any such asset may not be recoverable. The Company’s impairment testing is based on its best estimate of its future operating cash flows. If the sum of estimated undiscounted future cash flows associated with the asset is less than the asset’s carrying value, an impairment charge is recognized, which is measured as the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value of the asset. These estimates of cash flow require significant management judgment and certain assumptions about future volume, sales and expense growth rates, devaluation and inflation. As such, these estimates may differ from actual cash flows.
Goodwill and Other Indefinite-lived Intangible Assets
The Company records intangible assets based on their fair value on the date of acquisition. Goodwill is recorded for the difference between the fair value of the purchase consideration over the fair value of the net identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired. The brand intangible asset recorded in connection with the acquisitions of Versace and Jimmy Choo were determined to be indefinite-lived intangible assets, which are not subject to amortization. The Company performs an impairment assessment of goodwill, as well as the Versace and Jimmy Choo brand intangible assets on an annual basis, or whenever impairment indicators exist. In the absence of any impairment indicators, goodwill, the Versace brand and the Jimmy Choo brand are assessed for impairment during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year. Judgments regarding the existence of impairment indicators are based on market conditions and operational performance of the business.
The Company may assess its goodwill and its brand indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment initially using a qualitative approach to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of these assets is greater than their carrying value. When performing a qualitative test, the Company assesses various factors including industry and market conditions, macroeconomic conditions and performance of the Company’s businesses. If the results of the qualitative assessment indicate that it is more likely than not that the Company’s goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are impaired, a quantitative impairment analysis would be performed to determine if impairment is required. The Company may also elect to perform a quantitative analysis of goodwill and its indefinite-lived intangible assets initially rather than using a qualitative approach.
The impairment testing for goodwill is performed at the reporting unit level. The valuation methods used in the quantitative fair value assessment, discounted cash flow and market multiples method, require the Company’s management to make certain assumptions and estimates regarding certain industry trends and future profitability of the Company’s reporting units. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds the related carrying value, the reporting unit’s goodwill is considered not to be impaired and no further testing is performed. If the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss is recorded for the difference. The valuation of goodwill is affected by, among other things, the Company’s business plan for the future and estimated results of future operations. Future events could cause the Company to conclude that impairment indicators exist, and, therefore, that goodwill may be impaired.
When performing a quantitative impairment assessment of the Company’s brand indefinite-lived intangible assets, the fair value of the Versace and the Jimmy Choo brands is estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis based on the "relief from royalty" method, assuming that a third party would be willing to pay a royalty in lieu of ownership for this intangible asset. This approach is dependent on many factors, including estimates of future growth, royalty rates, and discount rates. Actual future results may differ from these estimates. Impairment loss is recognized when the estimated fair value of the indefinite-lived brand intangible assets is less than its carrying amount.
There were no impairment charges related to goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets in any of the fiscal periods presented. See Note 13 for information relating to the Company’s annual impairment analysis performed during the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2019.
The Company uses a combination of insurance and self-insurance for losses related to a number of risks, including workers’ compensation and employee-related health care benefits. The Company also maintains stop-loss coverage with third-party insurers to limit its exposure arising from claims. Self-insurance claims filed and claims incurred but not reported are accrued based upon management’s estimates of the discounted cost for self-insured claims incurred using actuarial assumptions, historical loss experience, actual payroll and other data. Although the Company believes that it can reasonably estimate losses related to these claims, actual results could differ from these estimates.
The Company also maintains other types of customary business insurance policies, including business interruption insurance. Insurance recoveries represent gain contingencies and are recorded upon actual settlement with the insurance carrier.
The Company grants share-based awards to certain employees and directors of the Company. The grant date fair value of share options is calculated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Beginning in Fiscal 2018, the Company began using its own historical experience in determining the expected holding period and volatility of its time-based share option awards. In prior periods, the Company used the simplified method for determining the expected life of its options and average volatility rates of similar actively traded companies over the estimated holding period, due to insufficient historical option exercise experience as a public company. The risk-free interest rate is derived from the zero-coupon United States (“U.S.”) Treasury Strips yield curve based on the grant’s estimated holding period. Determining the grant date fair value of share-based awards requires considerable judgment, including estimating expected volatility, expected term and risk-free rate. If factors change and the Company employs different assumptions, the fair value of future awards and the resulting share-based compensation expense may differ significantly from what the Company has estimated in the past.
The closing market price of the Company’s shares on the date of grant is used to determine the grant date fair value of restricted shares, time-based restricted shares units (“RSU”s) and performance-based RSUs. These fair values are recognized as expense over the requisite service period, net of estimated forfeitures, based on expected attainment of pre-established performance goals for performance grants, or the passage of time for those grants which have only time-based vesting requirements.
Foreign Currency Translation and Transactions
The financial statements of the majority of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries are measured using the local currency as the functional currency. The Company’s functional currency is the United States Dollar (“USD”) for Capri and its United States based subsidiaries. Assets and liabilities are translated using period-end exchange rates, while revenues and expenses are translated using average exchange rates over the reporting period. The resulting translation adjustments are recorded separately in shareholders’ equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). Foreign currency income and losses resulting from the re-measuring of transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of a particular entity are included in foreign currency (gain) loss on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.
Derivative Financial Instruments
Forward Foreign Currency Exchange Contracts
The Company uses forward currency exchange contracts to manage its exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency for certain transactions. The Company, in its normal course of business, enters into transactions with foreign suppliers and seeks to minimize risks related to these transactions. The Company employs these forward currency contracts to hedge the Company’s cash flows, as they relate to foreign currency transactions. Certain of these contracts are designated as hedges for accounting purposes, while others remain undesignated. All of the Company’s derivative instruments are recorded in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets at fair value on a gross basis, regardless of their hedge designation.
In connection with the September 24, 2018 definitive agreement to acquire all of the outstanding shares of Versace, the Company entered into forward foreign currency exchange contracts with notional amounts totaling €1.680 billion (approximately $2.001 billion) to mitigate its foreign currency exchange risk through the expected closing date of the acquisition, which were settled on December 21, 2018. Likewise, in connection with the July 25, 2017 cash offer to acquire Jimmy Choo, the Company entered into a forward foreign currency exchange contract with a notional amount of £1.115 billion (approximately $1.469 billion) to mitigate its foreign currency exchange risk through the expected closing date of the acquisition, which was settled on October 30, 2017. These derivative contracts were not designated as accounting hedges. Therefore, changes in fair value are recorded to foreign currency (gain) loss in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. The Company’s accounting policy is to classify cash flows from derivative instruments in the same category as the cash flows from the items being hedged. Accordingly, the Company classified $77 million of realized losses and $5 million of realized gains, respectively, relating to these derivative instruments within cash flows from investing activities during Fiscal 2019 and Fiscal 2018.
The Company designates certain contracts related to the purchase of inventory that qualify for hedge accounting as cash flow hedges. Formal hedge documentation is prepared for all derivative instruments designated as hedges, including description of the hedged item and the hedging instrument and the risk being hedged. The changes in the fair value for contracts designated as cash flow hedges is recorded in equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) until the hedged item affects earnings. When the inventory related to forecasted inventory purchases that are being hedged is sold to a third party, the gains or losses deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) are recognized within cost of goods sold. The Company uses regression analysis to assess effectiveness of derivative instruments that are designated as hedges, which compares the change in the fair value of the derivative instrument to the change in the related hedged item. If the hedge is no longer expected to be highly effective in the future, future changes in the fair value are recognized in earnings. For those contracts that are not designated as hedges, changes in the fair value are recorded to foreign currency (gain) loss in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. The Company classifies cash flows relating to its forward foreign currency exchange contracts related to purchase of inventory consistently with the classification of the hedged item, within cash flows from operating activities.
The Company is exposed to the risk that counterparties to derivative contracts will fail to meet their contractual obligations. In order to mitigate counterparty credit risk, the Company only enters into contracts with carefully selected financial institutions based upon their credit ratings and certain other financial factors, adhering to established limits for credit exposure. The aforementioned forward contracts generally have a term of no more than 12 months. The period of these contracts is directly related to the foreign transaction they are intended to hedge.
Net Investment Hedges
The Company also uses fixed-to-fixed cross currency swap agreements to hedge its net investments in foreign operations against future volatility in the exchange rates between its U.S. Dollars and these foreign currencies. The Company has elected the spot method of designating these contracts under ASU 2017-12, as defined below, and has designated these contracts as net investment hedges. The net gain or loss on net investment hedged is reported within foreign currency translation gains and losses (“CTA”), as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. Interest accruals and coupon payments are recognized directly in interest expense in the Company’s statement of operations and comprehensive income. Upon discontinuation of a hedge, all previously recognized amounts remain in CTA until the hedged net investment is sold, diluted, or liquidated.
Deferred income tax assets and liabilities have been provided for temporary differences between the tax bases and financial reporting bases of the Company’s assets and liabilities using the tax rates and laws in effect for the periods in which the differences are expected to reverse. The Company periodically assesses the realizability of deferred tax assets and the adequacy of deferred tax liabilities, based on the results of local, state, federal or foreign statutory tax audits or estimates and judgments used.
Realization of deferred tax assets associated with net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards is dependent upon generating sufficient taxable income prior to their expiration in the applicable tax jurisdiction. The Company periodically reviews the recoverability of its deferred tax assets and provides valuation allowances, as deemed necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to amounts that more-likely-than-not will be realized. The Company’s management considers many factors when assessing the likelihood of future realization of deferred tax assets, including recent earnings results within various taxing jurisdictions, expectations of future taxable income, the carryforward periods remaining and other factors. Changes in the required valuation allowance are recorded in income in the period such determination is made. Deferred tax assets could be reduced in the future if the Company’s estimates of taxable income during the carryforward period are significantly reduced or alternative tax strategies are no longer viable.
The Company recognizes the impact of an uncertain income tax position taken on its income tax returns at the largest amount that is more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon audit by the relevant taxing authority. An uncertain income tax position will be recognized if it has less than a 50% likelihood of being sustained. The tax positions are analyzed periodically (at least quarterly) and adjustments are made as events occur that warrant adjustments for those positions. The Company records interest expense and penalties payable to relevant tax authorities as income tax expense.
Rent Expense, Deferred Rent and Landlord Construction Allowances
The Company leases office space, retail stores and distribution facilities under agreements that are classified as operating leases. Many of these operating leases include contingent rent provisions (percentage rent), and/or provide for certain landlord allowances related to tenant improvements and other relevant items. The recognition of rent expense for an operating lease commences on the earlier of the related lease commencement date or the date of possession of the property. Rent expense is calculated by recognizing total minimum rental payments (net of any rental abatements, construction allowances and other rental concessions) on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The difference between straight-line rent expense and rent paid is recorded as deferred rent, which is classified within short-term and long-term liabilities in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. The Company accounts for landlord allowances and incentives as a component of deferred rent, which is amortized over the lease term as a reduction of rent expense. The Company records rent expense as a component of selling, general and administrative expenses.
Debt Issuance Costs and Unamortized Discounts
The Company defers debt issuance costs directly associated with acquiring third party financing. These debt issuance costs and any discounts on issued debt are amortized on a straight-line basis, which approximates the effective interest method, as interest expense over the term of the related indebtedness. Deferred financing fees associated with the Company’s revolving credit facilities are recorded within prepaid expenses and other current assets. Deferred financing fees and unamortized discounts associated with the Company’s other borrowings are recorded as an offset to long-term debt in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. See Note 11 for additional information.
Net Income per Share
The Company’s basic net income per ordinary share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per ordinary share reflects the potential dilution that would occur if share option grants or any other potentially dilutive instruments, including RSUs, were exercised or converted into ordinary shares. These potentially dilutive securities are included in diluted shares to the extent they are dilutive under the treasury stock method for the applicable periods. Performance-based RSUs are included in diluted shares if the related performance conditions are considered satisfied as of the end of the reporting period and to the extent they are dilutive under the treasury stock method.
The components of the calculation of basic net income per ordinary share and diluted net income per ordinary share are as follows (in millions, except share and per share data):
Fiscal Years Ended
Net income attributable to Capri
Basic weighted average shares
Weighted average dilutive share equivalents:
Share options and restricted shares/units, and performance restricted share units
Diluted weighted average shares
Basic net income per share (1)
Diluted net income per share (1)
Basic and diluted net income per share are calculated using unrounded numbers.
Share equivalents for 1,409,415 shares, 1,662,889 shares and 2,034,658 shares, for Fiscal 2019, Fiscal 2018 and Fiscal 2017, respectively, have been excluded from the above calculation due to their anti-dilutive effect.
Noncontrolling Interest and Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
The Company has an ownership interest in the Michael Kors Latin American joint venture, MK (Panama) Holdings, S.A. and subsidiaries of 75%, an ownership interest in the Jimmy Choo EMEA Joint Ventures, JC Industry S.r.L of 33% and JC Gulf Trading LLC of 49%, as well as a 50% ownership interest in J. Choo Russia J.V. Limited, and 70% ownership interest in Versace Singapore Pte. Ltd. and 70% ownership interest in Versace Korea Co. Ltd. As such, noncontrolling interest includes the portion of the equity ownership, which is not attributable to the Company.
In addition, the Company owns a 70% interest in Versace Australia PTY Limited (“Versace Australia”) and consolidates Versace Australia in its consolidated financial statements.
The shareholders agreement governing Versace Australia (the “Shareholders Agreement”) contains a put option under which the Company may be required to purchase its partner’s interest in the the joint venture, as well as call options requiring the partner to sell its interest to the Company, based on the EBITDA multiple defined in the related agreement. The contractual formula value of the redeemable non-controlling interest (“RNCI”) as of March 30, 2019 was $4 million. The carrying amount of the RNCI is adjusted to the redemption amount at the end of each reporting period, after attribution of net income or loss of the RNCI and is recognized in earnings, since it is probable that the RNCI will become redeemable in the future based on the passage of time.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
On August 28, 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, “Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities.” The new standard is intended to improve and simplify rules relating to hedge accounting, including the elimination of periodic hedge ineffectiveness, recognition and presentation of components excluded from hedge effectiveness assessment, the ability to elect to perform subsequent effectiveness assessments qualitatively, and other provisions designed to provide more transparency around the economics of a company’s hedging strategy. ASU 2017-12 is effective for the Company in Fiscal 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2017-12 during the three months ended June 30, 2018, which resulted in an immaterial net increase to opening retained earnings as of April 1, 2018, due to the elimination of ineffectiveness for cash flow hedges in effect as of the date of adoption. The Company has applied the spot method of designating its net investment hedges, which were executed during Fiscal 2019.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which provides new guidance for revenues recognized from contracts with customers, requiring that revenue is recognized at an amount the Company is entitled to upon transferring control of goods or services to customers, as opposed to when risks and rewards transfer to a customer. In July 2015, ASU 2015-14, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date,” deferred the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year, to interim reporting periods within the annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2017, or the first quarter of the Company’s Fiscal 2019. This standard may be applied retrospectively to all prior periods presented, or retrospectively with a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings in the year of adoption (“modified retrospective method”).
The FASB issued several additional ASUs to provide implementation guidance on ASU 2014-09, including ASU 2016-20, “Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers” in December 2016; ASU 2016-12, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients” in May 2016; ASU 2016-10, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing” in April 2016; and ASU 2016-08, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net)” in March 2016. The Company considered this guidance in evaluating the impact of ASU 2014-09 (collectively, “ASC 606”).
On April 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective method and recognized the $7 million (net of a tax of $2 million) cumulative effect of adoption as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings. The below table details the components of the cumulative adjustment recorded on April 1, 2018 (in millions):
March 31, 2018
As Reported under ASC 605
ASC 606 Adjustments
April 1, 2018
As Reported Under ASC 606
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
Deferred tax liabilities
Includes a $4 million adjustment related to product licensing revenue, which was previously recorded on a one-month lag and an immaterial amount of guaranteed advertising minimums recognized by product licensees on a straight-line basis over the contract year.
Relates to recognition of breakage revenue associated with gift card liabilities not subject to escheatment.
Relates to income tax effect of the above adjustments.
In addition, while the Company has previously recorded the right of return asset and liability on a gross basis, in connection with its adoption of ASC 606, it has reclassified the return liability of $15 million from receivables, net to accrued expenses and other current liabilities in its consolidated balance sheet as of March 30, 2019. Otherwise, the adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements for Fiscal 2019, or any individual line items therein.
See Note 3 for additional disclosures related to the Company’s revenue recognition accounting policy.
In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, “Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting”, which simplifies modification accounting for entities that change the terms or conditions of share-based awards. ASU 2017-09 was adopted during the first quarter of Fiscal 2019, as required, on a prospective basis. The adoption of this standard did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements. The Company will apply ASU 2017-09 to any future changes to the terms and conditions of its share-based compensation awards.
In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory”, which requires recognition of income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. The Company adopted ASU 2016-16 in the beginning of Fiscal 2019, as required, using the modified retrospective method. On April 1, 2018, the Company recorded the $5 million cumulative effect of adoption as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
The Company has considered all new accounting pronouncements and, other than the recent pronouncements discussed below, have concluded that there are no new pronouncements that may have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations, financial condition or cash flows based on current information.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842),” which requires lessees to recognize a lease liability and a right-to-use asset on the balance sheet for all leases, except certain short-term leases. ASU 2016-02 is effective beginning with the Company’s Fiscal 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company plans to apply the package of three practical expedients, allowing it to carry forward its previous lease classification and embedded lease evaluations and not to reassess initial direct costs as of the date of adoption, as well as the practical expedient allowing it to combine lease and non-lease components. The Company also plans on adopting the practical expedient from ASU 2018-11, “Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements,” allowing it to recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption without restating the comparative prior year periods. The Company's existing lease obligations, which relate to stores, corporate locations, warehouses, and equipment, will be subject to the new standard and will result in recording a lease liability and right-of-use asset for operating leases on the Company's consolidated balance sheet. While the implementation of ASU 2016-02 for the Company's Michael Kors and Jimmy Choo brands is substantially complete, due to the recent acquisition of Versace on December 31, 2018, the Company is still in the process of finalizing its analysis of Versace's lease portfolio. As such, the Company is currently unable to provide the estimated impact of ASU 2016-02 on its consolidated financial statements.
The FASB has issued several additional ASUs to provide implementation guidance relating to ASU 2016-02, including ASU 2018-01, “Land Easement Practical Expedient for Transition to Topic 842” in January 2018, ASU 2018-10, “Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases” and ASU 2018-11, “Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements,” both issued in July 2018, ASU 2018-20, “Leases (Topic 842) - Narrow-Scope Improvements for Lessors” issued in December 2018, and ASU 2019-01, “Leases (Topic 842): Codification Improvements” issued in March 2019. The Company will consider this guidance in evaluating the impact of ASU 2016-02.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, “Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract,” which reduces the complexity for the accounting for costs of implementing a cloud computing service arrangement. The standard aligns the accounting for capitalizing implementation costs of hosting arrangements, regardless of whether or not the contract conveys a license to the hosted software. ASU 2018-15 is effective beginning with the Company’s Fiscal 2021, with early adoption permitted, and can either be presented prospectively or retrospectively. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2018-15 on its consolidated financial statements.