INGERSOLL-RAND PLC, 10-Q filed on 5/1/2019
Quarterly Report
v3.19.1
Document and Entity Information Document - shares
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Apr. 19, 2019
Entity Information [Line Items]    
Entity Registrant Name INGERSOLL-RAND PLC  
Entity Central Index Key 0001466258  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31  
Entity Filer Category Large Accelerated Filer  
Document Type 10-Q  
Document Period End Date Mar. 31, 2019  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2019  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q1  
Amendment Flag false  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   241,158,226
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes  
Entity Small Business false  
Entity Emerging Growth Company false  
v3.19.1
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income - USD ($)
shares in Millions, $ in Millions
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Mar. 31, 2018
Net revenues $ 3,575.9 $ 3,384.5
Cost of goods sold (2,517.3) (2,420.2)
Selling and administrative expenses (740.1) (720.9)
Operating income 318.5 243.4
Interest expense (50.9) (72.9)
Other income/(expense), net (18.8) (4.0)
Earnings before income taxes 248.8 166.5
Provision for income taxes (43.0) (33.0)
Earnings from continuing operations 205.8 133.5
Discontinued operations, net of tax (2.1) (9.4)
Net earnings 203.7 124.1
Less: Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests (3.8) (3.7)
Net earnings attributable to Ingersoll-Rand plc 199.9 120.4
Amounts attributable to Ingersoll-Rand plc ordinary shareholders:    
Continuing operations 202.0 129.8
Discontinued operations (2.1) (9.4)
Net earnings attributable to Ingersoll-Rand plc $ 199.9 $ 120.4
Basic:    
Continuing operations $ 0.83 $ 0.52
Discontinued operations (0.01) (0.04)
Net earnings 0.82 0.48
Diluted:    
Continuing operations 0.82 0.51
Discontinued operations 0.00 (0.03)
Net earnings $ 0.82 $ 0.48
Weighted-average shares outstanding    
Basic 242.5 250.4
Diluted 245.2 253.0
Total comprehensive income $ 209.6 $ 276.6
Less: Total comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests 4.2 4.1
Total comprehensive income attributable to Ingersoll-Rand plc $ 205.4 $ 272.5
v3.19.1
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets - USD ($)
$ in Millions
Mar. 31, 2019
Dec. 31, 2018
ASSETS    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 1,907.4 $ 903.4
Accounts and notes receivable, net 2,710.3 2,679.2
Inventories, net 1,983.7 1,677.8
Total current assets 7,084.7 5,732.0
Property, plant and equipment, net 1,738.4 1,730.8
Goodwill 5,968.6 5,959.5
Intangible assets, net 3,608.5 3,634.7
Other noncurrent assets 1,380.8 857.9
Total assets 19,781.0 17,914.9
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY    
Accounts payable 1,800.1 1,705.3
Accrued compensation and benefits 363.4 531.6
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 1,950.6 1,728.2
Short-term borrowings and current maturities of long-term debt 374.4 350.6
Total current liabilities 4,488.5 4,315.7
Long-term debt 5,226.5 3,740.7
Postemployment and other benefit liabilities 1,191.4 1,192.9
Deferred and noncurrent income taxes 527.2 538.4
Other noncurrent liabilities 1,424.6 1,062.4
Total liabilities 12,858.2 10,850.1
Equity:    
Ordinary shares 265.5 266.4
Treasury Stock, Value (1,719.4) (1,719.4)
Retained earnings 9,298.3 9,439.8
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (958.6) (964.1)
Total Ingersoll-Rand plc shareholders’ equity 6,885.8 7,022.7
Noncontrolling interests 37.0 42.1
Total equity 6,922.8 7,064.8
Total liabilities and equity $ 19,781.0 $ 17,914.9
v3.19.1
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity - USD ($)
shares in Millions, $ in Millions
Total
Ordinary shares
Ordinary shares held in treasury, at cost
Capital in excess of par value
Retained earnings
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
Noncontrolling Interest
Beginning balance at Dec. 31, 2017 $ 7,206.9 $ 274.0 $ (1,719.4) $ 461.3 $ 8,903.2 $ (778.8) $ 66.6
Beginning balance (shares) at Dec. 31, 2017   274.0          
Increase (Decrease) in Stockholders' Equity [Roll Forward]              
Net earnings 124.1       120.4   3.7
Other comprehensive income (loss) 152.5         152.1 0.4
Shares issued under incentive stock plans 6.6 $ 1.3   5.3      
Shares issued under incentive stock plans (shares)   1.3          
Repurchase of ordinary shares (250.0) $ (2.8)   (247.2) 0.0    
Repurchase of ordinary shares (shares)   (2.8)          
Share-based compensation 30.0     30.5 (0.5)    
Dividends declared to noncontrolling interest (11.0)           (11.0)
Cash dividends declared (112.0)       (112.0)    
Ending balance (shares) at Mar. 31, 2018   272.5          
Ending balance at Mar. 31, 2018 7,140.4 $ 272.5 (1,719.4) 249.9 8,904.4 (626.7) 59.7
Beginning balance at Dec. 31, 2018 7,064.8 $ 266.4 $ (1,719.4) 0.0 9,439.8 (964.1) 42.1
Beginning balance (shares) at Dec. 31, 2018   266.4 24.5        
Increase (Decrease) in Stockholders' Equity [Roll Forward]              
Net earnings 203.7       199.9   3.8
Other comprehensive income (loss) 5.9         5.5 0.4
Shares issued under incentive stock plans 6.3 $ 1.5   4.8      
Shares issued under incentive stock plans (shares)   1.5          
Repurchase of ordinary shares $ (250.0) $ (2.4)   (34.6) (213.0)    
Repurchase of ordinary shares (shares) 0.0 (2.4)          
Share-based compensation $ 29.0     29.7 (0.7)    
Dividends declared to noncontrolling interest (9.3)           (9.3)
Cash dividends declared (127.7)       (127.7)    
Other 0.1     0.1      
Ending balance (shares) at Mar. 31, 2019   265.5 24.5        
Ending balance at Mar. 31, 2019 $ 6,922.8 $ 265.5 $ (1,719.4) $ 0.0 $ 9,298.3 $ (958.6) $ 37.0
v3.19.1
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - USD ($)
$ in Millions
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Mar. 31, 2018
Cash flows from operating activities:    
Net earnings $ 203.7 $ 124.1
Discontinued operations, net of tax 2.1 9.4
Adjustments for non-cash transactions:    
Depreciation and amortization 89.3 93.4
Changes in assets and liabilities, net (400.5) (330.7)
Other non-cash items, net 68.3 58.0
Net cash provided by (used in) continuing operating activities (37.1) (45.8)
Net cash provided by (used in) discontinued operating activities (15.5) (20.4)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities (52.6) (66.2)
Cash flows from investing activities:    
Capital expenditures (60.8) (52.8)
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired (22.0) (201.6)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment   (3.3)
Other investing activities, net 6.4 (3.3)
Net cash provided by (used in) continuing investing activities (76.4) (257.7)
Cash flows from financing activities:    
Short-term borrowings (payments), net 23.9 247.9
Proceeds from long-term debt 1,497.9 1,147.0
Payments of long-term debt 0.0 (1,115.4)
Net proceeds from (payments of) debt 1,521.8 279.5
Dividends paid to ordinary shareholders (127.7) (111.6)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests (9.3) (11.0)
Repurchase of ordinary shares (250.0) (250.0)
Other, net 5.9 5.2
Net cash provided by (used in) continuing financing activities 1,130.1 (96.4)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents 2.9 46.0
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 1,004.0 (374.3)
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period 903.4 1,549.4
Cash and cash equivalents - end of period $ 1,907.4 $ 1,175.1
v3.19.1
Basis of Presentation
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Ingersoll-Rand plc (Plc or Parent Company), a public limited company incorporated in Ireland in 2009, and its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, the Company), reflect the consolidated operations of the Company and have been prepared in accordance with United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) interim reporting requirements. Accordingly, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) for full financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements included in the Ingersoll-Rand plc Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. In the opinion of management, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly state the condensed consolidated results for the interim periods presented.
v3.19.1
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
New Accounting Pronouncements and Changes in Accounting Principles [Abstract]  
Recently Accounting Pronouncements
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) is the sole source of authoritative GAAP other than SEC issued rules and regulations that apply only to SEC registrants. The FASB issues an Accounting Standards Update (ASU) to communicate changes to the codification. The Company considers the applicability and impact of all ASU's. ASU's not listed below were assessed and determined to be either not applicable or are not expected to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, "Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income" (ASU 2018-02), which allows companies to reclassify stranded tax effects in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) that have been caused by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the Act) to Retained earnings for each period in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate is recorded. ASU 2018-02 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 with early adoption permitted. However, the FASB made the reclassification optional. As a result, the Company assessed the impact of the ASU on its financial statements and did not exercise the option to reclassify the stranded tax effects caused by the Act.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases” (ASC 842), which requires the lease rights and obligations arising from lease contracts, including existing and new arrangements, to be recognized as assets and liabilities on the balance sheet. The Company adopted this standard using a modified-retrospective approach as of January 1, 2019. Under this approach, the Company recognized and recorded a right-of-use (ROU) asset and related lease liability on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet of $521 million with no impact to Retained earnings. Reporting periods prior to January 1, 2019 continue to be presented in accordance with previous lease accounting guidance under GAAP. As part of the adoption, the Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance which includes the ability to carry forward historical lease classification. Refer to Note 9, “Leases,” for a further discussion on the adoption of ASC 842.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, "Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement that is a Service Contract" (ASU 2018-15), which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs in a cloud-computing arrangement service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. In addition, the guidance also clarifies the presentation requirements for reporting such costs in the financial statements. ASU 2018-15 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019 with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact of the ASU on its financial statements.
v3.19.1
Inventories
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Inventory, Net [Abstract]  
Inventories
Inventories
Depending on the business, U.S. inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market using the last-in, first-out (LIFO) method or the lower of cost or market using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. Non-U.S. inventories are primarily stated at the lower of cost or market using the FIFO method.
The major classes of inventory were as follows:
In millions
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Raw materials
$
609.7

 
$
550.5

Work-in-process
211.7

 
182.0

Finished goods
1,245.2

 
1,028.8

 
2,066.6

 
1,761.3

LIFO reserve
(82.9
)
 
(83.5
)
Total
$
1,983.7

 
$
1,677.8


The Company performs periodic assessments to determine the existence of obsolete, slow-moving and non-saleable inventories and records necessary provisions to reduce such inventories to net realizable value. Reserve balances, primarily related to obsolete and slow-moving inventories, were $121.5 million and $119.9 million at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
v3.19.1
Goodwill
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Goodwill Abstract  
Goodwill
Goodwill
The Company records as goodwill the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net assets acquired in a business combination. Measurement period adjustments may be recorded once a final valuation has been performed. Goodwill is tested and reviewed annually for impairment during the fourth quarter or whenever there is a significant change in events or circumstances that indicate that the fair value of the asset may be less than the carrying amount of the asset.
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were as follows:
In millions
Climate
 
Industrial
 
Total
Net balance as of December 31, 2018
$
5,099.2

 
$
860.3

 
$
5,959.5

Acquisitions
14.6

 

 
14.6

Currency translation
(2.8
)
 
(2.7
)
 
(5.5
)
Net balance as of March 31, 2019
$
5,111.0

 
$
857.6

 
$
5,968.6

The net goodwill balances at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 include $2,496.0 million of accumulated impairment. The accumulated impairment relates entirely to a charge in the fourth quarter of 2008 associated with the Climate segment.
v3.19.1
Intangible Assets
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Intangible Assets Abstract  
Intangible Assets
Intangible Assets
Indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested and reviewed annually for impairment during the fourth quarter or whenever there is a significant change in events or circumstances that indicate that the fair value of the asset may be less than the carrying amount of the asset. All other intangible assets with finite useful lives are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives.
The gross amount of the Company’s intangible assets and related accumulated amortization were as follows:
 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
In millions
 
Gross carrying amount
 
Accumulated amortization
 
Net carrying amount
 
Gross carrying amount
 
Accumulated amortization
 
Net carrying amount
Completed technologies/patents
 
$
207.7

 
$
(183.5
)
 
$
24.2

 
$
206.6

 
$
(182.0
)
 
$
24.6

Customer relationships
 
2,094.0

 
(1,207.3
)
 
886.7

 
2,086.8

 
(1,176.3
)
 
910.5

Other
 
84.4

 
(55.9
)
 
28.5

 
84.5

 
(54.4
)
 
30.1

Total finite-lived intangible assets
 
2,386.1

 
(1,446.7
)
 
939.4

 
2,377.9

 
(1,412.7
)
 
965.2

Trademarks (indefinite-lived)
 
2,669.1

 

 
2,669.1

 
2,669.5

 

 
2,669.5

Total
 
$
5,055.2

 
$
(1,446.7
)
 
$
3,608.5

 
$
5,047.4

 
$
(1,412.7
)
 
$
3,634.7


Intangible asset amortization expense was $34.7 million and $35.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
v3.19.1
Debt and Credit Facilities
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Debt Credit Facilities  
Debt and Credit Facilities
Debt and Credit Facilities
Short-term borrowings and current maturities of long-term debt consisted of the following:
In millions
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Debentures with put feature
$
343.0

 
$
343.0

Commercial Paper
23.9



Other current maturities of long-term debt
7.5

 
7.6

Total
$
374.4

 
$
350.6


Commercial Paper Program
The Company uses borrowings under its commercial paper program for general corporate purposes. The maximum aggregate amount of unsecured commercial paper notes available to be issued, on a private placement basis, under the commercial paper program is $2.0 billion. The Company had an outstanding balance of $23.9 million under its commercial paper program as of March 31, 2019. However, no amounts were outstanding at December 31, 2018.
Debentures with Put Feature
At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company had $343.0 million of fixed rate debentures outstanding which contain a put feature that the holders may exercise on each anniversary of the issuance date.  If exercised, the Company is obligated to repay in whole or in part, at the holder’s option, the outstanding principal amount of the debentures plus accrued interest. If these options are not exercised, the final contractual maturity dates would range between 2027 and 2028. Holders of these debentures had the option to exercise the put feature on $37.2 million of the outstanding debentures in February 2019, subject to the notice requirement. No material exercises were made.
Long-term debt, excluding current maturities, consisted of the following:
In millions
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
2.625% Senior notes due 2020
$
299.5

 
$
299.4

2.900% Senior notes due 2021
298.5

 
298.3

9.000% Debentures due 2021
124.9

 
124.9

4.250% Senior notes due 2023
697.3

 
697.1

7.200% Debentures due 2020-2025
44.8

 
44.8

3.550% Senior notes due 2024
496.1

 
495.9

6.480% Debentures due 2025
149.7

 
149.7

3.500% Senior notes due 2026
396.4

 

3.750% Senior notes due 2028
544.6

 
544.5

3.800% Senior notes due 2029
743.0

 

5.750% Senior notes due 2043
494.3

 
494.3

4.650% Senior notes due 2044
295.8

 
295.8

4.300% Senior notes due 2048
295.9

 
295.9

4.500% Senior notes due 2049
345.4

 

Other loans and notes
0.3

 
0.1

Total
$
5,226.5

 
$
3,740.7


Issuance of Senior Notes
In March 2019, the Company issued $1.5 billion principal amount of senior notes in three tranches through an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary. The tranches consist of $400 million aggregate principal amount of 3.500% senior notes due 2026, $750 million aggregate principal amount of 3.800% senior notes due 2029 and $350 million aggregate principal amount of 4.500% senior notes due 2049. The notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by each of Ingersoll Rand plc, Ingersoll-Rand Global Holding Company Limited, Ingersoll-Rand Lux International Holding Company S.à.r.l, Ingersoll-Rand Irish Holdings Unlimited Company, and Ingersoll-Rand Company. The Company has the option to redeem the notes in whole or in part at any time, prior to their stated maturity date at redemption prices set forth in the indenture agreement. The notes are subject to certain customary covenants, however, none of these covenants are considered restrictive to the Company’s operations. The Company intends to use the net proceeds to finance a pending acquisition (Refer to Note 17, "Acquisitions and Divestitures" for a further discussion on the pending acquisition). During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company capitalized $13.1 million of debt issuance costs which will be amortized over the remaining life of the debt.
Other Credit Facilities
The Company maintains two 5-year, $1.0 billion revolving credit facilities (the Facilities) through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Ingersoll-Rand Global Holding Company Limited and Ingersoll-Rand Luxembourg Finance S.A. (collectively, the Borrowers). Each senior unsecured credit facility, one of which matures in March 2021 and the other in April 2023, provides support for the Company's commercial paper program and can be used for working capital and other general corporate purposes. Ingersoll-Rand plc, Ingersoll-Rand Irish Holdings Unlimited Company, Ingersoll-Rand Lux International Holding Company S.à.r.l. and Ingersoll-Rand Company each provide irrevocable and unconditional guarantees for these Facilities. In addition, each Borrower will guarantee the obligations under the Facilities of the other Borrower. Total commitments of $2.0 billion were unused at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.
Fair Value of Debt
The carrying value of the Company's short-term borrowings is a reasonable estimate of fair value due to the short-term nature of the instruments. The fair value of the Company's debt instruments at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 was $5.9 billion and $4.2 billion, respectively. The Company measures the fair value of its long-term debt instruments for disclosure purposes based upon observable market prices quoted on public exchanges for similar assets. These fair value inputs are considered Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy. The methodologies used by the Company to determine the fair value of its long-term debt instruments at March 31, 2019 are the same as those used at December 31, 2018.
v3.19.1
Financial Instruments
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Financial Instruments Abstract  
Financial Instruments
Financial Instruments
In the normal course of business, the Company is exposed to certain risks arising from business operations and economic factors. These fluctuations can increase the cost of financing, investing and operating the business. The Company may use various financial instruments, including derivative instruments, to manage the risks associated with interest rate, commodity price and foreign currency exposures. These financial instruments are not used for trading or speculative purposes. The Company recognizes all derivatives on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at their fair value as either assets or liabilities.
On the date a derivative contract is entered into, the Company designates the derivative instrument as a cash flow hedge of a forecasted transaction or as an undesignated derivative. The Company formally documents its hedge relationships, including identification of the derivative instruments and the hedged items, as well as its risk management objectives and strategies for undertaking the hedge transaction. This process includes linking derivative instruments that are designated as hedges to specific assets, liabilities or forecasted transactions.
The Company assesses at inception and at least quarterly thereafter, whether the derivatives used in cash flow hedging transactions are highly effective in offsetting the changes in the cash flows of the hedged item. To the extent the derivative is deemed to be a highly effective hedge, the fair market value changes of the instrument are recorded to Accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI). If the hedging relationship ceases to be highly effective, or it becomes probable that a forecasted transaction is no longer expected to occur, the hedging relationship will be undesignated and any future gains and losses on the derivative instrument will be recorded in Net earnings.
The fair values of derivative instruments included within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets were as follows:
 
Derivative assets
 
Derivative liabilities
In millions
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Derivatives designated as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency derivatives designated as hedges
$
0.9

 
$
1.3

 
$
2.5

 
$
0.7

Derivatives not designated as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency derivatives not designated as hedges
0.5

 
0.9

 
0.8

 
0.6

Total derivatives
$
1.4

 
$
2.2

 
$
3.3

 
$
1.3

Asset and liability derivatives included in the table above are recorded within Other current assets and Accrued expenses and other current liabilities, respectively.
Currency Derivative Instruments
The notional amount of the Company’s currency derivatives was $0.4 billion and $0.6 billion at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, a net loss of $1.0 million and a net gain of $0.5 million, net of tax, respectively, was included in AOCI related to the fair value of the Company’s currency derivatives designated as accounting hedges. The amount expected to be reclassified into Net earnings over the next twelve months is a loss of $1.0 million. The actual amounts that will be reclassified to Net earnings may vary from this amount as a result of changes in market conditions. Gains and losses associated with the Company’s currency derivatives not designated as hedges are recorded in Net earnings as changes in fair value occur. At March 31, 2019, the maximum term of the Company’s currency derivatives was approximately 12 months, except for currency derivatives in place related to a certain long-term contract.
Other Derivative Instruments
Prior to 2015, the Company utilized forward-starting interest rate swaps and interest rate locks to manage interest rate exposure in periods prior to the anticipated issuance of certain fixed-rate debt. These instruments were designated as cash flow hedges and had a notional amount of $1.3 billion. Consequently, when the contracts were settled upon the issuance of the underlying debt, any realized gains or losses in the fair values of the instruments were deferred into AOCI. These deferred gains or losses are subsequently recognized in Interest expense over the term of the related notes. The net unrecognized gain in AOCI was $6.5 million at March 31, 2019 and $6.7 million at December 31, 2018. The net deferred gain at March 31, 2019 will continue to be amortized over the term of notes with maturities ranging from 2023 to 2044. The amount expected to be amortized over the next twelve months is a net gain of $0.7 million. The Company has no forward-starting interest rate swaps or interest rate lock contracts outstanding at March 31, 2019 or December 31, 2018.
The following table represents the amounts associated with derivatives designated as hedges affecting Net earnings and AOCI for the three months ended March 31:
  
Amount of gain (loss)
recognized in AOCI
 
Location of gain (loss) reclassified from
AOCI and recognized
into Net earnings
 
Amount of gain (loss)
reclassified from AOCI and
recognized into Net earnings
In millions
2019
 
2018
 
 
2019
 
2018
Currency derivatives designated as hedges
$
(1.5
)
 
$
2.1

 
Cost of goods sold
 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
(0.4
)
Interest rate swaps & locks

 

 
Interest expense
 
0.2

 
(0.6
)
Total
$
(1.5
)
 
$
2.1

 
 
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
(1.0
)
The following table represents the amounts associated with derivatives not designated as hedges affecting Other income/(expense), net for the three months ended March 31:
  
 
Amount of gain (loss)         
recognized in Net earnings
In millions
2019
 
2018
Currency derivatives not designated as hedges
 
$
(3.1
)
 
$
9.7

Total
 
$
(3.1
)
 
$
9.7


The gains and losses associated with the Company’s undesignated currency derivatives are materially offset in Other income/(expense), net by changes in the fair value of the underlying transactions.
The following table presents the effects of the Company's designated financial instruments on the associated financial statement line item within the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income where the financial instrument are recorded for the three months ended March 31:
 
 
Classification and amount of gain (loss) recognized in income on cash flow hedging relationships
 
 
2019
 
2018
In millions
 
Cost of goods sold
 
Interest expense
 
Cost of goods sold
 
Interest expense
Total amounts presented in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
 
$
(2,517.3
)
 
$
(50.9
)
 
$
(2,420.2
)
 
$
(72.9
)
Gain (loss) on cash flow hedging relationships
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amount of gain (loss) reclassified from AOCI and recognized into Net earnings
 
$
(0.3
)
 
$

 
$
(0.4
)
 
$

Amount excluded from effectiveness testing recognized in net earnings based on changes in fair value and amortization
 
$
(0.6
)
 
$

 
$

 
$

Interest rate swaps & locks:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amount of gain (loss) reclassified from AOCI and recognized into Net earnings
 
$

 
$
0.2

 
$

 
$
(0.6
)
Concentration of Credit Risk
The counterparties to the Company’s forward contracts consist of a number of investment grade major international financial institutions. The Company could be exposed to losses in the event of nonperformance by the counterparties. However, the credit ratings and the concentration of risk in these financial institutions are monitored on a continuous basis and present no significant credit risk to the Company.
v3.19.1
Fair Value Measurements
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Fair Value, Balance Sheet Grouping, Financial Statement Captions [Line Items]  
Fair Value Disclosures [Text Block]
Fair Value Measurements
ASC 820, "Fair Value Measurement," (ASC 820) defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a three-level fair value hierarchy that prioritizes information used in developing assumptions when pricing an asset or liability as follows:
Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;
Level 2: Inputs, other than quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3: Unobservable inputs where there is little or no market data, which requires the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.
ASC 820 requires the use of observable market data, when available, in making fair value measurements. When inputs used to measure fair value fall within different levels of the hierarchy, the level within which the fair value measurement is categorized is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
The following table presents the Company’s fair value hierarchy for those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2019:
In millions
Fair Value
 
Fair value measurements
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative instruments
$
1.4

 
$

 
$
1.4

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative instruments
$
3.3

 
$

 
$
3.3

 
$


The following table presents the Company’s fair value hierarchy for those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2018:
In millions
Fair Value
 
Fair value measurements
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative instruments
$
2.2

 
$

 
$
2.2

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative instruments
$
1.3

 
$

 
$
1.3

 
$


Derivative instruments include forward foreign currency contracts and instruments related to non-functional currency balance sheet exposures. The fair value of the derivative instruments are determined based on a pricing model that uses spot rates and forward prices from actively quoted currency markets that are readily accessible and observable.
The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and accounts payable are a reasonable estimate of their fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments. These methodologies used by the Company to determine the fair value of its financial assets and liabilities at March 31, 2019 are the same as those used at December 31, 2018. There have been no transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy.
v3.19.1
Leases
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Leases [Abstract]  
Leases
Leases
The Company’s lease portfolio includes various contracts for real estate, vehicles, information technology and other equipment. At contract inception, the Company determines a lease exists if the contract conveys the right to control an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration. Control is considered to exist when the lessee has the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of an identified asset as well as the right to direct the use of that asset. If a contract is considered to be a lease, the Company recognizes a lease liability based on the present value of the future lease payments, with an offsetting entry to recognize a right-of-use asset. Options to extend or terminate a lease are included when it is reasonably certain an option will be exercised. As a majority of the Company’s leases do not provide an implicit rate within the lease, an incremental borrowing rate is used which is based on information available at the commencement date.
The following table includes a summary of the Company's lease portfolio and Balance Sheet classification:
In millions
Classification
 
March 31,
2019
 
January 1,
2019
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Operating lease right-of-use assets (1)
Other noncurrent assets
 
$
526.6

 
$
517.1

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Operating lease current
Other current liabilities
 
163.7

 
160.3

Operating lease noncurrent
Other noncurrent liabilities
 
367.9

 
360.5

(1) Per ASC 842, prepaid lease payments and lease incentives are recorded as part of the right-of-use asset. The net impact was $5.0 million and $3.7 million at March 31, 2019 and January 1, 2019, respectively.
The Company elected the practical expedient as an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset to account for each separate lease component of a contract and its associated non-lease component as a single lease component. This practical expedient was applied to all underlying asset classes. In addition, the Company elected the practical expedient to utilize a portfolio approach for the vehicle, information technology and equipment asset classes as the application of the lease model to the portfolio would not differ materially from the application of the lease model to the individual leases within the portfolio.
The following table includes lease costs and related cash flow information for the three months ended March 31:
 
Three months ended
In millions
2019
Operating lease expense
$
49.7

Variable lease expense
7.4

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
 
Operating cash flows from operating leases
49.4

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities
57.8


Operating lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. In addition, the Company has certain leases that contain variable lease payments which are based on an index, a rate referenced in the lease or on the actual usage of the leased asset. These payments are not included in the right-to-use asset or lease liability and are expensed as incurred as variable lease expense. The Company elected the practical expedient as an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset to not apply the balance sheet recognition criteria required in ASC 842 to leases with an initial lease term of twelve months or less. Payments for these leases are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
Maturities of lease obligations were as follows:
In millions
March 31,
2019
Operating leases
 
Remaining nine months of 2019
$
139.9

2020
152.7

2021
112.4

2022
66.9

2023
40.7

After 2023
78.4

Total lease payments
$
591.0

Less: Interest
(59.4
)
Present value of lease liabilities
$
531.6


At March 31, 2019, the weighted average remaining lease term was 4.7 years with a weighted average discount rate of 3.8%.
Prior Period Disclosures
As a result of adopting ASC 842 on January 1, 2019, the Company is required to present future minimum lease commitments for operating leases having initial or noncancellable lease terms in excess of one year that were previously disclosed in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K and accounted for under previous lease guidance. Commitments as of December 31, 2018 were as follows:
In millions
December 31,
2018
Operating leases
 
2019
$
197.1

2020
152.0

2021
107.4

2022
68.4

2023
42.2

After 2023
42.7

Total
$
609.8

v3.19.1
Pensions and Postretirement Benefits Other than Pensions
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Retirement Benefits, Description [Abstract]  
Pensions and Postretirement Benefits Other than Pensions
Pensions and Postretirement Benefits Other than Pensions
The Company sponsors several U.S. defined benefit and defined contribution plans covering substantially all of the Company's U.S. employees. Additionally, the Company has many non-U.S. defined benefit and defined contribution plans covering eligible non-U.S. employees. Postretirement benefits other than pensions (OPEB) provide healthcare benefits, and in some instances, life insurance benefits for certain eligible employees.
Pension Plans
The noncontributory defined benefit pension plans covering non-collectively bargained U.S. employees provide benefits on a final average pay formula while plans for most collectively bargained U.S. employees provide benefits on a flat dollar benefit formula or a percentage of pay formula. The non-U.S. pension plans generally provide benefits based on earnings and years of service. The Company also maintains additional other supplemental plans for officers and other key or highly compensated employees.
The components of the Company’s net periodic pension benefit cost for the three months ended March 31 were as follows:
 
Three months ended
In millions
2019
 
2018
Service cost
$
18.1

 
$
17.9

Interest cost
29.8

 
27.0

Expected return on plan assets
(34.6
)
 
(36.9
)
Net amortization of:
 
 
 
Prior service costs
1.2

 
1.1

Net actuarial (gains) losses
13.4

 
12.5

Net periodic pension benefit cost
$
27.9

 
$
21.6

Net curtailment and settlement (gains) losses
1.6

 

Net periodic pension benefit cost after net curtailment and settlement (gains) losses
$
29.5

 
$
21.6

Amounts recorded in continuing operations:


 


      Operating income
$
17.1

 
$
17.6

      Other income/(expense), net
9.4

 
1.9

Amounts recorded in discontinued operations
3.0

 
2.1

Total
$
29.5

 
$
21.6


The Company made contributions to its defined benefit pension plans of $18.6 million and $10.9 million during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company currently projects that it will contribute approximately $104 million to its plans worldwide in 2019.
Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pensions
The Company sponsors several postretirement plans that provide for healthcare benefits, and in some instances, life insurance benefits that cover certain eligible employees. These plans are unfunded and have no plan assets, but are instead funded by the Company on a pay-as-you-go basis in the form of direct benefit payments. Generally, postretirement health benefits are contributory with contributions adjusted annually. Life insurance plans for retirees are primarily noncontributory.
The components of net periodic postretirement benefit cost for the three months ended March 31 were as follows:
 
Three months ended
In millions
2019
 
2018
Service cost
$
0.6

 
$
0.7

Interest cost
3.9

 
3.8

Net amortization of:
 
 
 
Prior service gains
(0.1
)
 
(1.0
)
Net actuarial (gains) losses
(1.6
)
 

Net periodic postretirement benefit cost
$
2.8

 
$
3.5

Amounts recorded in continuing operations:


 


     Operating income
$
0.6

 
$
0.7

     Other income/(expense), net
1.7

 
2.0

Amounts recorded in discontinued operations
0.5

 
0.8

Total
$
2.8

 
$
3.5

v3.19.1
Equity
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Stockholders' Equity Note [Abstract]  
Equity
Equity
The authorized share capital of Ingersoll-Rand plc is 1,185,040,000 shares, consisting of (1) 1,175,000,000 ordinary shares, par value $1.00 per share, (2) 40,000 ordinary shares, par value EUR 1.00 and (3) 10,000,000 preference shares, par value $0.001 per share. There were no Euro-denominated ordinary shares or preference shares outstanding at March 31, 2019 or December 31, 2018.
Changes in ordinary shares and treasury shares for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were as follows:
In millions
Ordinary shares issued
 
Ordinary shares held in treasury
December 31, 2018
266.4

 
24.5

Shares issued under incentive plans, net
1.5

 

Repurchase of ordinary shares
(2.4
)
 

March 31, 2019
265.5

 
24.5


Share repurchases are made from time to time in accordance with management's capital allocation strategy, subject to market conditions and regulatory requirements. Shares acquired and canceled upon repurchase are accounted for as a reduction of Ordinary Shares and Capital in excess of par value, or Retained earnings to the extent Capital in excess of par value is exhausted. Shares acquired and held in treasury are presented separately on the balance sheet as a reduction to Equity and recognized at cost. In October 2018, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $1.5 billion of its ordinary shares under a share repurchase program (2018 Authorization) upon completion of the prior authorized share repurchase program. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company repurchased and canceled approximately $250 million of its ordinary shares leaving approximately $1.25 billion remaining under the 2018 Authorization.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The changes in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was as follows:
In millions
 
Derivative Instruments
 
Pension and OPEB
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
$
6.7

 
$
(454.0
)
 
$
(516.8
)
 
$
(964.1
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
(1.5
)
 
0.3

 
(2.4
)
 
(3.6
)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI
 
0.1

 
12.9

 

 
13.0

Provision for income taxes
 
(0.4
)
 
(3.5
)
 

 
(3.9
)
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
(1.8
)
 
$
9.7

 
$
(2.4
)
 
$
5.5

Balance at March 31, 2019
 
$
4.9

 
$
(444.3
)
 
$
(519.2
)
 
$
(958.6
)
The changes in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2018 was as follows:
In millions
 
Derivative Instruments
 
Pension and OPEB
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
$
4.7

 
$
(494.3
)
 
$
(289.2
)
 
$
(778.8
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
2.1

 
(4.6
)
 
143.9

 
141.4

Amounts reclassified from AOCI
 
1.0

 
12.6

 

 
13.6

Provision for income taxes
 
(0.3
)
 
(2.6
)
 

 
(2.9
)
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
2.8

 
$
5.4

 
$
143.9

 
$
152.1

Balance at March 31, 2018
 
$
7.5

 
$
(488.9
)
 
$
(145.3
)
 
$
(626.7
)

The reclassifications out of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended March 31 were as follows:
 
 
Three months ended
In millions
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative Instruments
 
 
 
 
Reclassifications of deferred (gains) losses (1)
 
$
0.1

 
$
1.0

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes
 
0.3

 
0.2

Reclassifications, net of taxes
 
$
0.4

 
$
1.2

 
 
 
 
 
Pension and Postretirement benefits
 
 
 
 
Amortization of service costs (2)
 
$
1.1

 
$
0.1

Amortization of actuarial losses (2)
 
11.8

 
12.5

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes
 
(3.5
)
 
(2.6
)
Reclassifications, net of taxes
 
$
9.4

 
$
10.0

 
 
 
 
 
Total reclassifications, net of taxes
 
$
9.8

 
$
11.2

(1) Reclassifications of interest rate swaps and locks are reflected within Interest expense; reclassifications of currency derivatives designated as hedges are reflected in Cost of goods sold.
(2) Reclassifications of the service cost component of pension and postretirement benefit costs are reflected within Operating income; the remaining components are included within Other income/(expense), net.
v3.19.1
Revenue (Notes)
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]  
Revenue
Revenue
The Company recognizes revenue when control of a good or service promised in a contract (i.e., performance obligation) is transferred to a customer. Control is obtained when a customer has the ability to direct the use of and obtain substantially all of the remaining benefits from that good or service. A majority of the Company's revenues are recognized at a point-in-time as control is transferred at a distinct point in time per the terms of a contract. However, a portion of the Company's revenues are recognized over time as the customer simultaneously receives control as the Company performs work under a contract.
Disaggregated Revenue
Net revenues by destination for the three months ended March 31 were as follows:
 
Three months ended
In millions
2019
 
2018
Climate
 
 
 
     United States
$
1,940.0

 
$
1,711.8

     Non-U.S.
863.7

 
898.0

Total Climate
$
2,803.7

 
$
2,609.8

Industrial
 
 
 
     United States
$
390.8

 
$
414.6

     Non-U.S.
381.4

 
360.1

Total Industrial
$
772.2

 
$
774.7

Net revenues by major type of good or service for the three months ended March 31 were as follows:
 
Three months ended
In millions
2019
 
2018
Climate
 
 
 
     Equipment
$
1,938.3

 
$
1,771.5

     Services and parts
865.4

 
838.3

Total Climate
$
2,803.7

 
$
2,609.8

Industrial
 
 
 
     Equipment
$
462.2

 
$
470.6

     Services and parts
310.0

 
304.1

Total Industrial
$
772.2

 
$
774.7


Revenue from goods and services transferred to customers at a point in time accounted for approximately 85% of the Company's revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2019.
Contract Balances
The opening and closing balances of contract assets and contract liabilities arising from contracts with customers for the period ended March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were as follows:
In millions
March 31,
2019
 
December 31, 2018
Contract assets
$
222.5

 
$
210.9

Contract liabilities
893.4

 
846.2


The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in accounts receivable, contract assets, and customer advances and deposits (contract liabilities) on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. In general, the Company receives payments from customers based on a billing schedule established in its contracts. Contract assets relate to the conditional right to consideration for any completed performance under the contract when costs are incurred in excess of billings under the percentage-of-completion methodology. Accounts receivable are recorded when the right to consideration becomes unconditional. Contract liabilities relate to payments received in advance of performance under the contract or when the Company has a right to consideration that is unconditional before it transfers a good or service to the customer. Contract liabilities are recognized as revenue as (or when) the Company performs under the contract. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, changes in contract asset and liability balances were not materially impacted by any other factors.
Approximately 30%
v3.19.1
Share-Based Compensation
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Share-based Compensation [Abstract]  
Share-Based Compensation
Share-Based Compensation
The Company accounts for stock-based compensation plans in accordance with ASC 718, "Compensation - Stock Compensation" (ASC 718), which requires a fair-value based method for measuring the value of stock-based compensation. Fair value is measured once at the date of grant and is not adjusted for subsequent changes. The Company’s share-based compensation plans include programs for stock options, restricted stock units (RSUs), performance share units (PSUs) and deferred compensation.
Compensation Expense
Share-based compensation expense is related to continuing operations and is included in Selling and administrative expenses. The expense recognized for the three months ended March 31 was as follows:
 
Three months ended
In millions
2019
 
2018
Stock options
$
11.8

 
$
12.3

RSUs
13.0

 
13.3

Performance shares
4.4

 
4.4

Deferred compensation
0.9

 
1.0

Other
1.4

 
(0.2
)
Pre-tax expense
31.5

 
30.8

Tax benefit
(7.6
)
 
(7.5
)
After-tax expense
$
23.9

 
$
23.3

Grants issued during the three months ended March 31 were as follows:
 
2019
 
2018
 
Number
granted
 
Weighted-
average fair
value per award
 
Number
granted
 
Weighted-
average fair
value per award
Stock options
1,259,344

 
$
17.09

 
1,414,411

 
$
15.57

RSUs
242,104

 
$
100.70

 
279,901

 
$
89.97

Performance shares (1)
306,352

 
$
110.57

 
352,794

 
$
106.09


(1) The number of performance shares represents the maximum award level.
Stock Options / RSUs
Eligible participants may receive (i) stock options, (ii) RSUs or (iii) a combination of both stock options and RSUs. The fair value of each of the Company’s stock option and RSU awards is expensed on a straight-line basis over the required service period, which is generally the 3-year vesting period. However, for stock options and RSUs granted to retirement eligible employees, the Company recognizes an expense for the entire fair value at the grant date.
The average fair value of the stock options granted is determined using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The following assumptions were used during three the months ended March 31:
 
 
2019
 
2018
Dividend yield
 
2.09
%
 
2.00
%
Volatility
 
21.46
%
 
21.65
%
Risk-free rate of return
 
2.49
%
 
2.48
%
Expected life in years
 
4.8

 
4.8


A description of the significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value of the stock option awards is as follows:
Volatility - The expected volatility is based on a weighted average of the Company’s implied volatility and the most recent historical volatility of the Company’s stock commensurate with the expected life.
Risk-free rate of return - The Company applies a yield curve of continuous risk-free rates based upon the published U.S. Treasury spot rates on the grant date.
Expected life - The expected life of the Company’s stock option awards represents the weighted-average of the actual period since the grant date for all exercised or canceled options and an expected period for all outstanding options.
Dividend yield - The Company determines the dividend yield based upon the expected quarterly dividend payments as of the grant date and the current fair market value of the Company’s stock.
Forfeiture Rate - The Company analyzes historical data of forfeited options to develop a reasonable expectation of the number of options to forfeit prior to vesting per year. This expected forfeiture rate is applied to the Company’s ongoing compensation expense; however, all expense is adjusted to reflect actual vestings and forfeitures.
Performance Shares
The Company has a Performance Share Program (PSP) for key employees. The program provides awards in the form of PSUs based on performance against pre-established objectives. The annual target award level is expressed as a number of the Company's ordinary shares based on the fair market value of the Company's stock on the date of grant. All PSUs are settled in the form of ordinary shares.
Beginning with the 2018 grant year, PSU awards are earned based 50% upon a performance condition, measured by relative Cash Flow Return on Invested Capital (CROIC) to the industrial group of companies in the S&P 500 Index over a 3-year performance period, and 50% upon a market condition, measured by the Company's relative total shareholder return (TSR) as compared to the TSR of the industrial group of companies in the S&P 500 Index over a 3-year performance period. The fair value of the market condition is estimated using a Monte Carlo Simulation approach in a risk-neutral framework based upon historical volatility, risk-free rates and correlation matrix. Awards granted prior to 2018 are earned based 50% upon a performance condition, measured by relative EPS growth to the industrial group of companies in the S&P 500 Index over a 3-year performance period, and 50% upon a market condition, measured by the Company's relative TSR as compared to the TSR of the industrial group of companies in the S&P 500 Index over a 3-year performance period.
Deferred Compensation
The Company allows key employees to defer a portion of their eligible compensation into a number of investment choices, including its ordinary share equivalents. Any amounts invested in ordinary share equivalents will be settled in ordinary shares of the Company at the time of distribution.
v3.19.1
Restructuring Costs (Notes)
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Restructuring and Related Activities [Abstract]  
Restructuring and Related Activities Disclosure [Text Block]
Restructuring Activities
The Company incurs costs associated with announced restructuring initiatives intended to result in improved operating performance, profitability and working capital levels. Actions associated with these initiatives may include workforce reduction, improving manufacturing productivity, realignment of management structures and rationalizing certain assets. The following table details restructuring charges recorded during the three months ended March 31:
 
 
Three months ended
In millions
 
2019

2018
Climate
 
$
5.2

 
$
3.9

Industrial
 
11.0

 
35.7

Corporate and Other
 
0.9

 
4.8

Total
 
$
17.1

 
$
44.4

 
 


 


Cost of goods sold
 
$
13.8

 
$
36.5

Selling and administrative expenses
 
3.3

 
7.9

Total
 
$
17.1

 
$
44.4


The changes in the restructuring reserve for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were as follows:
In millions
 
Climate
 
Industrial
 
Corporate
and Other
 
Total
December 31, 2018
 
$
18.9

 
$
29.9

 
$
2.6

 
$
51.4

Additions, net of reversals (1)
 
5.2

 
5.4

 
0.9

 
11.5

Cash paid/other
 
(7.2
)
 
(12.4
)
 
(1.2
)
 
(20.8
)
March 31, 2019
 
$
16.9

 
$
22.9

 
$
2.3

 
$
42.1


(1) Excludes the non-cash costs of asset rationalizations ($5.6 million).
Current restructuring actions include general workforce reductions as well as the closure and consolidation of certain manufacturing facilities in an effort to improve the Company's cost structure. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, costs associated with announced restructuring actions primarily included the following:
the plan to close a U.S. manufacturing facility within the Industrial segment and relocate production to other U.S. and Non-U.S. facilities announced in 2019; and
the plan to close two U.S. manufacturing facilities within the Climate segment and relocate production to another existing U.S. facility announced in 2018; and
the plan to close a Non-U.S. manufacturing facility within the Industrial segment and relocate to other U.S. and Non-U.S. facilities announced in 2018.
Amounts recognized primarily relate to severance and exit costs. In addition, the Company also includes costs that are directly attributable to the restructuring activity but do not fall into the severance, exit or disposal categories. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had $42.1 million accrued for costs associated with its ongoing restructuring actions, of which a majority is expected to be paid within one year. These actions primarily relate to workforce reduction benefits.
v3.19.1
Other, Net
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Other Net [Abstract]  
Other, Net
Other Income/(Expense), Net
The components of Other income/(expense), net for the three months ended March 31 are as follows:
 
Three months ended
In millions
2019

2018
Interest income (loss)
$
(0.6
)
 
$
3.6

Exchange gain (loss)
(4.3
)
 
(7.3
)
Other components of net periodic benefit cost
(11.1
)
 
(3.9
)
Other activity, net
(2.8
)
 
3.6

Other income/(expense), net
$
(18.8
)
 
$
(4.0
)
Other income /(expense), net includes the results from activities other than normal business operations such as interest income and foreign currency gains and losses on transactions that are denominated in a currency other than an entity’s functional currency. In addition, the Company includes the components of net periodic benefit cost for pension and post retirement obligations other than the service cost component. Other activity, net includes items associated with Trane U.S. Inc. for the settlement and defense of asbestos-related claims, insurance settlements on asbestos-related matters and the revaluation of asbestos recoveries. Refer to Note 20, "Commitments and Contingencies," for more information regarding asbestos-related matters.
v3.19.1
Income Taxes
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
Income Taxes
The Company accounts for its Provision for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740, which requires an estimate of the annual effective income tax rate for the full year to be applied to the respective interim period, taking into account year-to-date amounts and projected results for the full year. For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018, the Company's effective income tax rate was 17.3% and 19.8%, respectively. The effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was lower than the U.S. statutory rate of 21% primarily due to excess tax benefits from employee share-based payments, the deduction for Foreign Derived Intangible Income and earnings in non-U.S. jurisdictions, which in aggregate have a lower effective tax rate. These amounts were partially offset by U.S. state and local taxes and certain non-deductible employee expenses. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2018 was lower than the U.S. statutory rate of 21% primarily due to excess tax benefits from employee share-based payments and earnings in non-U.S. jurisdictions, which in aggregate have a lower effective tax rate. These amounts were partially offset by U.S. state and local income taxes.
Total unrecognized tax benefits as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were $87.3 million and $83.0 million, respectively. Although management believes its tax positions and related provisions reflected in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are fully supportable, it recognizes that these tax positions and related provisions may be challenged by various tax authorities. These tax positions and related provisions are reviewed on an ongoing basis and are adjusted as additional facts and information become available, including progress on tax audits, changes in interpretations of tax laws, developments in case law and closing of statute of limitations. To the extent that the ultimate results differ from the original or adjusted estimates of the Company, the effect will be recorded in Provision for income taxes.
The Provision for income taxes involves a significant amount of management judgment regarding interpretation of relevant facts and laws in the jurisdictions in which the Company operates. Future changes in applicable laws, projected levels of taxable income and tax planning could change the effective tax rate and tax balances recorded by the Company. In addition, tax authorities periodically review income tax returns filed by the Company and can raise issues regarding its filing positions, timing and amount of income or deductions, and the allocation of income among the jurisdictions in which the Company operates. A significant period of time may elapse between the filing of an income tax return and the ultimate resolution of an issue raised by a revenue authority with respect to that return. In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to examination by taxing authorities throughout the world, including such major jurisdictions as Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, Spain, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States. These examinations on their own, or any subsequent litigation related to the examinations, may result in additional taxes or penalties against the Company. If the ultimate result of these audits differ from
original or adjusted estimates, they could have a material impact on the Company’s tax provision. In general, the examination of the Company’s material tax returns is complete or effectively settled for the years prior to 2008, with certain matters prior to 2008 being resolved through appeals and litigation and also unilateral procedures as provided for under double tax treaties.
v3.19.1
Discontinued Operations
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Discontinued Operations [Abstract]  
Disposal Groups, Including Discontinued Operations, Disclosure [Text Block]
Refer to Note 20, "Commitments and Contingencies," for more information related to asbestos.
v3.19.1
Earnings Per Share (EPS)
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Earnings Per Share [Abstract]  
Earnings Per Share (EPS)
Earnings Per Share (EPS)
Basic EPS is calculated by dividing Net earnings attributable to Ingersoll-Rand plc by the weighted-average number of ordinary shares outstanding for the applicable period. Diluted EPS is calculated after adjusting the denominator of the basic EPS calculation for the effect of all potentially dilutive ordinary shares, which in the Company’s case, includes shares issuable under share-based compensation plans. The following table summarizes the weighted-average number of ordinary shares outstanding for basic and diluted earnings per share calculations for the three months ended March 31:
 
Three months ended
In millions, except per share amounts
2019
 
2018
Weighted-average number of basic shares
242.5

 
250.4

Shares issuable under incentive stock plans
2.7

 
2.6

Weighted-average number of diluted shares
245.2

 
253.0

Anti-dilutive shares
1.4

 
1.7

 
 
 
 
Dividends declared per ordinary share
$
0.53

 
$
0.45

v3.19.1
Business Segment Information
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Segment Reporting [Abstract]  
Business Segment Information
Business Segment Information
The accounting policies of the operating segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies except that the operating segments’ results are prepared on a management basis that is consistent with the manner in which the Company prepares financial information for internal review and decision making. The Company largely evaluates performance based on Segment operating income and Segment operating margins. Intercompany sales between segments are considered immaterial.
The Company's Climate segment delivers energy-efficient products and innovative energy services. It includes Trane® and American Standard® Heating & Air Conditioning which provide heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, and commercial and residential building services, parts, support and controls; energy services and building automation through Trane Building Advantage and Nexia; and Thermo King® transport temperature control solutions.
The Company's Industrial segment delivers products and services that enhance energy efficiency, productivity and operations. It includes compressed air and gas systems and services, power tools, material handling systems, ARO® fluid management equipment, as well as Club Car ® golf, utility and consumer low-speed vehicles.
Segment operating income is the measure of profit and loss that the Company's chief operating decision maker uses to evaluate the financial performance of the business and as the basis for performance reviews, compensation and resource allocation. For these reasons, the Company believes that Segment operating income represents the most relevant measure of segment profit and loss.
A summary of operations by reportable segment for the three months ended March 31 was as follows:
 
Three months ended
In millions
2019
 
2018
Net revenues
 
 
 
Climate
$
2,803.7

 
$
2,609.8

Industrial
772.2

 
774.7

Total
$
3,575.9

 
$
3,384.5

Segment operating income
 
 
 
Climate
$
313.1

 
$
260.4

Industrial
83.9

 
59.9

Unallocated corporate expense
(78.5
)
 
(76.9
)
Operating income
$
318.5

 
$
243.4

v3.19.1
Commitments and Contingencies
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Commitments And Contingencies Abstract  
Commitments and Contingencies
Commitments and Contingencies
The Company is involved in various litigations, claims and administrative proceedings, including those related to environmental, asbestos, and product liability matters. In accordance with ASC 450, "Contingencies" (ASC 450), the Company records accruals for loss contingencies when it is both probable that a liability will be incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Amounts recorded for identified contingent liabilities are estimates, which are reviewed periodically and adjusted to reflect additional information when it becomes available. Subject to the uncertainties inherent in estimating future costs for contingent liabilities, except as expressly set forth in this note, management believes that any liability which may result from these legal matters would not have a material adverse effect on the financial condition, results of operations, liquidity or cash flows of the Company.
Environmental Matters
The Company continues to be dedicated to environmental and sustainability programs to minimize the use of natural resources, and reduce the utilization and generation of hazardous materials from our manufacturing processes and to remediate identified environmental concerns. As to the latter, the Company is currently engaged in site investigations and remediation activities to address environmental cleanup from past operations at current and former manufacturing facilities.
The Company is sometimes a party to environmental lawsuits and claims and has received notices of potential violations of environmental laws and regulations from the Environmental Protection Agency and similar state authorities. It has also been identified as a potentially responsible party (PRP) for cleanup costs associated with off-site waste disposal at federal Superfund and state remediation sites. For all such sites, there are other PRPs and, in most instances, the Company’s involvement is minimal.
In estimating its liability, the Company has assumed it will not bear the entire cost of remediation of any site to the exclusion of other PRPs who may be jointly and severally liable. The ability of other PRPs to participate has been taken into account, based on the Company's understanding of the parties’ financial condition and probable contributions on a per site basis. Additional lawsuits and claims involving environmental matters are likely to arise from time to time in the future.
Reserves for environmental matters are classified as Accrued expenses and other current liabilities or Other noncurrent liabilities based on their expected term. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company has recorded reserves for environmental matters of $42.0 million and $41.2 million, resp