|Accounting Standards and Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include Castlight and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. In the opinion of management, the information herein reflects all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments except as otherwise noted, considered necessary for a fair statement of results of operations, financial position, stockholders’ equity and cash flows. The results for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for any future period. The following information should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Other than as described below, there have been no changes to the Company's significant accounting policies described in the Company's Annual Report that have had a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements and related notes.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the Company to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. These estimates include, but are not limited to the determination of:
•Variable consideration included in the transaction price of the Company’s contracts with customers;
•The standalone selling price of the performance obligations in the Company’s contracts with customers;
•Assumptions used in the valuation of certain equity awards;
•The amortization period for deferred commissions and deferred professional services costs; and
•Assumptions used in the calculation of right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities for operating leases, including lease terms and the Company’s incremental borrowing rate.
Actual results could differ from those estimates, and such differences could be material to the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease and its classification at lease inception. Operating lease liabilities are recognized at the commencement date of the lease based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the lease commencement date to
compute the present value of lease payments when the implicit rate is not readily determinable. ROU assets are measured at lease inception based on the initial measurement of the lease liability, plus any prepaid lease amounts, less any lease incentives. The Company does not recognize ROU assets or lease liabilities for leases with a term of 12 months or less. Lease terms do not include options to extend or terminate the lease unless it is reasonably certain that the option will be exercised. Generally, lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company's lease agreements have both lease and non-lease components. The Company has elected to account for the non-lease components of its leases as part of their related lease components.
Concentrations of Risk and Significant Customers
No single direct customer accounted for more than 10% of total revenue during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 or more than 10% of accounts receivable as of September 30, 2019. Castlight had one channel partner, Anthem, Inc. (“Anthem”), that represented approximately 29% and 26% of total revenue during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, and approximately 41% of accounts receivable as of September 30, 2019.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, Leases, and subsequent amendments ("ASC 842") using the modified retrospective method, and chose to apply the provisions at the beginning of the period of adoption. The guidance requires lessees to put all leases that have a term of more than one year on their balance sheets, whether operating or financing, while continuing to recognize the expenses on their income statements. The guidance states that a lessee would recognize a lease liability for the obligation to make lease payments and a right-of-use ("ROU") asset for the right to use the underlying asset for the lease term.
As a result of the adoption of ASC 842 as of January 1, 2019, reporting periods beginning on and after January 1, 2019 are presented under ASC 842, while prior period amounts were not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with prior accounting guidance under ASC 840. In addition, the Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within the new standard, which among other things, allowed the Company to carry forward the historical lease classification. As a result of the adoption of the new lease accounting guidance, the Company recognized on January 1, 2019 an operating lease ROU asset of approximately $17.3 million and an operating lease liability of approximately $20.7 million. The difference between the operating lease ROU asset and lease liability resulted from the reclass of the deferred rent liability to the operating lease ROU asset. The standard did not materially impact the Company’s condensed consolidated statement of operations and had no impact on the cash flows. See Note 10 - Leases for more information on leases.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
The Company considers the applicability and impact of all ASUs issued by the FASB. The Company determined that the ASUs issued by the FASB during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 are either not applicable or are expected to have minimal impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial results.