Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The accompanying unaudited interim financial statements and notes of Devon have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. Pursuant to such rules and regulations, certain disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been omitted. The accompanying unaudited interim financial statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes included in Devon’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The accompanying unaudited interim financial statements in this report reflect all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of Devon’s results of operations and cash flows for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 and Devon’s financial position as of September 30, 2018. As further discussed in Note 3, during the second quarter of 2018, Devon announced the sale of its interests in the General Partner and EnLink, which closed on July 18, 2018. Activity relating to the General Partner and EnLink are classified as discontinued operations within Devon’s consolidated comprehensive statements of earnings and consolidated statements of cash flows. The associated assets and liabilities of EnLink and the General Partner are presented as assets and liabilities held for sale on the consolidated balance sheets.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
In January 2018, Devon adopted ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606), using the modified retrospective method. See Note 2 for further discussion regarding Devon’s adoption of the revenue recognition standard.
In January 2018, Devon adopted ASU 2017-07, Compensation – Retirement Benefits (Topic 715), Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost. This ASU requires entities to present the service cost component of net periodic benefit cost in the same line item as other employee compensation costs. Only the service cost component of net periodic benefit cost is eligible for capitalization. As a result of the adoption of this ASU, consolidated statements of earnings presentation changes were applied retrospectively, while service cost component capitalization was applied prospectively.
In January 2018, Devon adopted ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash. This ASU requires an entity to show the changes in the total of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and restricted cash equivalents on the statement of cash flows and to provide a reconciliation of the totals in the statement of cash flows to the related captions in the balance sheet when the cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and restricted cash equivalents are presented in more than one line item on the balance sheet. As a result of the adoption of this ASU, Devon made changes to the statement of cash flows to include the required presentation and reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents retrospectively. Other than presentation, adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on Devon’s consolidated statements of cash flows.
Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted
The FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). This ASU will supersede the lease requirements in Topic 840, Leases. Its objective is to increase transparency and comparability among organizations. This ASU provides guidance requiring lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheet. Short-term leases can continue being accounted for off balance sheet based on a policy election. Lessor accounting does not significantly change, except for some changes made to align with new revenue recognition requirements. This ASU is effective for Devon beginning January 1, 2019. Early adoption is permitted, but Devon does not plan to early adopt. The guidance will be applied using a modified retrospective transition method at the beginning of the earliest period presented in the financial statements. Entities will be allowed to continue to apply the legacy guidance in Topic 840, including its disclosure requirements, in the comparative periods presented in the year the new leases standard is adopted.
Devon plans to elect the practical expedients provided in the standard that allow entities to not reassess under the new standard our prior conclusions about lease identification and classification related to contracts that commenced prior to adoption and allows the new guidance to be applied prospectively to all new or modified land easements and rights-of-way. Devon also plans to elect a policy to not recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities related to short-term leases.
Devon has determined its portfolio of leased assets and is reviewing all related contracts to determine the impact the adoption will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. Devon anticipates recognizing right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for certain commitments related to real estate, drilling rigs and other equipment related to the exploration and development of oil and gas. Devon has designed processes and controls and has implemented a technology solution needed to comply with the requirements of this ASU. The adoption will increase asset and liability balances on the consolidated balance sheets due to the required recognition of right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities.
The FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities. This ASU will expand hedge accounting for nonfinancial and financial risk components and amend measurement methodologies to more closely align hedge accounting with a company’s risk management activities. The guidance also eliminates the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness. This ASU is effective for annual and interim periods beginning January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted in 2018. This ASU only applies to entities that elect hedge accounting, which Devon has not for derivative financial instruments. Devon continues to evaluate the provisions of this ASU and the impact it may have on its consolidated financial statements if hedge accounting were elected in the future.
The FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement – Reporting Comprehensive Income – Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Topic 220). This ASU allows for a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Reform Legislation. The ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning January 1, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years and allows for early adoption in any interim period after issuance of the update. Devon is currently assessing the impact this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements.
The FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. This ASU will eliminate, add and modify certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurement. The ASU is effective for annual and interim periods beginning January 1, 2020, with early adoption permitted for either the entire standard or only the provisions that eliminate or modify requirements. The ASU requires the additional disclosure requirements to be adopted using a prospective approach and all other amendments are required to be adopted using a retrospective approach. Devon is currently evaluating the provisions of this ASU and assessing the impact it may have on its disclosures in the notes to the consolidated financial statements.
The FASB issued ASU 2018-14, Compensation, Retirement Benefits and Defined Benefit Plans (Subtopic 715-20): Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans. This ASU will eliminate and add certain disclosure requirements for employers that sponsor defined benefit pension and/or other postretirement benefit plans. This ASU is effective for annual and interim periods beginning January 1, 2021, with early adoption permitted. The ASU is required to be adopted using a retrospective approach. Devon is currently evaluating the provisions of this ASU and assessing the impact it may have on its disclosures in the notes to the consolidated financial statements.
The FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles, Goodwill and Other Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That is a Service Contract. This ASU will require a customer in a cloud computing arrangement (i.e., hosting arrangement) that is a service contract to follow the internal-use software guidance in ASC 350-40 to determine which implementation costs to capitalize as assets or expense as incurred. Capitalized implementation costs related to a hosting arrangement that is a service contract will be amortized over the term of the hosting arrangement, beginning when the module or component of the hosting arrangement is ready for its intended use. This ASU is effective for annual and interim periods beginning January 1, 2020, with early adoption permitted. Entities have the option to adopt the ASU using either a retrospective approach or a prospective approach applied to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. Devon is currently evaluating the provisions of this ASU and assessing the impact it may have on its consolidated financial statements.
The SEC released Final Rule Release No. 33-10532, Disclosure Update and Simplification, which amends various SEC disclosure requirements determined to be redundant, duplicative, overlapping, outdated or superseded as part of the SEC’s ongoing disclosure effectiveness initiative. The rule is effective November 5, 2018. The rule amends numerous SEC rules, items and forms covering a diverse group of topics. As the changes are generally expected to reduce or eliminate disclosures, Devon is currently evaluating and assessing the impact it may have on its disclosures.