LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL SA, 10-Q filed on 1/24/2019
Quarterly Report
v3.10.0.1
Document and Entity Information - shares
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Jan. 09, 2019
Document and Entity Information    
Entity Registrant Name LOGITECH INTERNATIONAL SA  
Entity Central Index Key 0001032975  
Document Type 10-Q  
Document Period End Date Dec. 31, 2018  
Amendment Flag false  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --03-31  
Entity Filer Category Large Accelerated Filer  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   165,751,602
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2019  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q3  
Entity Emerging Growth Company false  
Entity Small Business false  
v3.10.0.1
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS - USD ($)
shares in Thousands, $ in Thousands
3 Months Ended 9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Dec. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Income Statement [Abstract]        
Net sales $ 864,388 $ 812,021 $ 2,164,014 $ 1,974,437
Cost of goods sold 535,707 533,631 1,349,941 1,271,127
Amortization of intangible assets and purchase accounting effect on inventory 4,699 2,789 10,037 6,304
Gross profit 323,982 275,601 804,036 697,006
Operating expenses:        
Marketing and selling 132,250 116,153 368,635 325,917
Research and development 40,591 34,398 119,120 106,144
General and administrative 24,496 22,291 75,175 72,966
Amortization of intangible assets and acquisition-related costs 3,539 2,496 10,377 6,377
Change in fair value of contingent consideration for business acquisition 0 0 0 (4,908)
Restructuring charges (credits), net (278) 0 9,762 (116)
Total operating expenses 200,598 175,338 583,069 506,380
Operating income 123,384 100,263 220,967 190,626
Interest income 1,482 874 5,709 3,097
Other expense, net (2,747) (324) (929) (894)
Income before income taxes 122,119 100,813 225,747 192,829
Provision for income taxes 9,309 20,040 10,295 18,691
Net income $ 112,810 $ 80,773 $ 215,452 $ 174,138
Net income per share:        
Net income per share - basic (in dollars per share) $ 0.68 $ 0.49 $ 1.30 $ 1.06
Net income per share - diluted (in dollars per share) $ 0.67 $ 0.48 $ 1.28 $ 1.03
Weighted average shares used to compute net income per share:        
Basic (in shares) 165,707 164,248 165,552 163,924
Diluted (in shares) 168,907 169,079 168,966 168,832
v3.10.0.1
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
3 Months Ended 9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Dec. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Statement of Comprehensive Income [Abstract]        
Net income $ 112,810 $ 80,773 $ 215,452 $ 174,138
Other comprehensive income (loss):        
Currency translation gain (loss), net of taxes 111 1,535 (7,715) 5,176
Reclassification of currency translation gain included in other expense, net (537) 0 (537) 0
Defined benefit pension plans:        
Net gain and prior service costs, net of taxes 10 479 108 859
Amortization included in other expense, net (69) 51 (208) 153
Hedging gain (loss):        
Deferred hedging gain (loss), net of taxes 575 (677) 1,060 (6,026)
Reclassification of hedging loss (gain) included in cost of goods sold (615) 2,248 2,454 5,377
Other comprehensive income (loss) (525) 3,636 (4,838) 5,539
Total comprehensive income $ 112,285 $ 84,409 $ 210,614 $ 179,677
v3.10.0.1
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
Dec. 31, 2018
Mar. 31, 2018
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 584,488 $ 641,947
Accounts receivable, net 484,204 214,885
Inventories 342,031 259,906
Other current assets 73,174 56,362
Total current assets 1,483,897 1,173,100
Non-current assets:    
Property, plant and equipment, net 81,577 86,304
Goodwill 347,369 275,451
Other intangible assets, net 123,643 87,547
Other assets 129,287 120,755
Total assets 2,165,773 1,743,157
Current liabilities:    
Accounts payable 435,764 293,988
Accrued and other current liabilities 478,632 281,732
Total current liabilities 914,396 575,720
Non-current liabilities:    
Income taxes payable 36,245 34,956
Other non-current liabilities 83,044 81,924
Total liabilities 1,033,685 692,600
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)
Shareholders’ equity:    
Registered shares, CHF 0.25 par value: Issued shares - 173,106 at December 31 and March 31, 2018 Additional shares that maybe be issued out of conditional capitals - 50,000 at December 31 and March 31, 2018 Additional shares that may be issued out of the authorized capital - 34,621 at December 31, 2018 and none at March 31, 2018 30,148 30,148
Additional paid-in capital 42,250 47,234
Shares in treasury, at cost — 7,355 at December 31, 2018 and 8,527 at March 31, 2018 (164,932) (165,686)
Retained earnings 1,322,915 1,232,316
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (98,293) (93,455)
Total shareholders’ equity 1,132,088 1,050,557
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $ 2,165,773 $ 1,743,157
v3.10.0.1
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Parenthetical) - SFr / shares
Dec. 31, 2018
Mar. 31, 2018
Statement of Financial Position [Abstract]    
Shares, par value (in CHF per share) SFr 0.25 SFr 0.25
Shares issued (in shares) 173,106,000 173,106,000
Shares that may be issued out of conditional capital (in shares) 50,000,000 50,000,000
Shares that may be issued out of the authorized capital (in shares) 34,621,324 0
Treasury, at cost, shares (in shares) 7,355,000 8,527,000
v3.10.0.1
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Cash flows from operating activities:    
Net income $ 215,452 $ 174,138
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:    
Depreciation 32,655 30,218
Amortization of intangible assets 17,236 10,653
Gain on investments in privately held companies (589) (550)
Share-based compensation expense 37,163 33,239
Deferred income taxes (9,722) 6,728
Change in fair value of contingent consideration for business acquisition 0 (4,908)
Other (378) 7
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:    
Accounts receivable, net (158,944) (164,028)
Inventories (69,163) (5,692)
Other assets (11,098) (18,953)
Accounts payable 133,657 151,711
Accrued and other liabilities 87,174 43,521
Net cash provided by operating activities 273,443 256,084
Cash flows from investing activities:    
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (28,304) (27,593)
Investment in privately held companies (2,542) (880)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (133,908) (88,323)
Proceeds from return of investment in privately held companies 0 237
Purchases of short-term investments (1,505) (6,789)
Sales of short-term investments 0 6,789
Purchases of trading investments (4,335) (2,842)
Proceeds from sales of trading investments 4,838 3,209
Net cash used in investing activities (165,756) (116,192)
Cash flows from financing activities:    
Payment of cash dividends (113,971) (104,248)
Payment of contingent consideration for business acquisition 0 (5,000)
Purchases of registered shares (22,454) (20,408)
Proceeds from exercises of stock options and purchase rights 10,135 30,947
Tax withholdings related to net share settlements of restricted stock units (29,111) (25,505)
Net cash used in financing activities (155,401) (124,214)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents (9,745) 1,677
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (57,459) 17,355
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of the period 641,947 547,533
Cash and cash equivalents, end of the period 584,488 564,888
Non-cash investing activities:    
Property, plant and equipment purchased during the period and included in period end liability accounts $ 3,742 $ 5,779
v3.10.0.1
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY - USD ($)
shares in Thousands, $ in Thousands
Total
Registered Shares
Additional Paid-in Capital
Treasury Shares
Retained Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Increase (Decrease) in Shareholders' Equity            
Cumulative effect of adoption of new accounting standard $ 57,205   $ 3,293   $ 53,912  
Beginning of period (in shares) at Mar. 31, 2017   173,106        
Beginning of the period at Mar. 31, 2017 856,111 $ 30,148 26,596 $ (174,037) 1,074,110 $ (100,706)
Beginning of the period (in shares) at Mar. 31, 2017       10,727    
Increase (Decrease) in Shareholders' Equity            
Total comprehensive income 179,677       174,138 5,539
Purchase of registered shares (in shares)       581    
Purchases of registered shares (20,408)     $ (20,408)    
Sales of shares upon exercise of stock options and purchase rights 30,947   15,958 $ 14,989    
Sales of shares upon exercise of stock options and purchase rights (in shares)       (1,126)    
Issuance of shares upon vesting of restricted stock units (25,505)   (40,402) $ 14,897    
Issuance of shares upon vesting of restricted stock units (in shares)       (1,283)    
Share-based compensation 33,457   33,457      
Cash dividends ($0.63 per share) ($0.69 per share) (104,248)       (104,248)  
End of period (in shares) at Dec. 31, 2017   173,106        
End of the period at Dec. 31, 2017 1,007,236 $ 30,148 38,902 $ (164,559) 1,197,912 (95,167)
End of the period (in shares) at Dec. 31, 2017       8,899    
Increase (Decrease) in Shareholders' Equity            
Cumulative effect of adoption of new accounting standard $ (10,882)       (10,882)  
Beginning of period (in shares) at Mar. 31, 2018 173,106 173,106        
Beginning of the period at Mar. 31, 2018 $ 1,050,557 $ 30,148 47,234 $ (165,686) 1,232,316 (93,455)
Beginning of the period (in shares) at Mar. 31, 2018       8,527    
Increase (Decrease) in Shareholders' Equity            
Total comprehensive income 210,614       215,452 (4,838)
Purchase of registered shares (in shares)       532    
Purchases of registered shares (22,454)     $ (22,454)    
Sales of shares upon exercise of stock options and purchase rights 10,135   6,008 $ 4,127    
Sales of shares upon exercise of stock options and purchase rights (in shares)       (317)    
Issuance of shares upon vesting of restricted stock units (29,111)   (48,192) $ 19,081    
Issuance of shares upon vesting of restricted stock units (in shares)       (1,387)    
Share-based compensation 37,200   37,200      
Cash dividends ($0.63 per share) ($0.69 per share) $ (113,971)       (113,971)  
End of period (in shares) at Dec. 31, 2018 173,106 173,106        
End of the period at Dec. 31, 2018 $ 1,132,088 $ 30,148 $ 42,250 $ (164,932) $ 1,322,915 $ (98,293)
End of the period (in shares) at Dec. 31, 2018       7,355    
v3.10.0.1
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY (Parenthetical)
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
$ / shares
Dec. 31, 2018
SFr / shares
Dec. 31, 2017
$ / shares
Dec. 31, 2017
SFr / shares
Statement of Stockholders' Equity [Abstract]        
Cash dividend per share (in dollars per share) | (per share) $ 0.69 SFr 0.67 $ 0.63 SFr 0.61
v3.10.0.1
The Company and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
The Company and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates
The Company and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates

The Company
 
Logitech International S.A, together with its consolidated subsidiaries, ("Logitech" or the "Company") designs, manufactures and markets products that help connect people to digital and cloud experiences. More than 35 years ago, Logitech created products to improve experiences around the personal PC platform, and today it is a multi-brand, multi-category company designing products that enable better experiences consuming, sharing and creating any digital content such as music, gaming, video and computing, whether it is on a computer, mobile device or in the cloud. 
The Company sells its products to a broad network of domestic and international customers, including direct sales to retailers and e-tailers and indirect sales through distributors.
Logitech was founded in Switzerland in 1981 and Logitech International S.A. has been the parent holding company of Logitech since 1988. Logitech International S.A. is a Swiss holding company with its registered office in Apples, Switzerland and headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland, which conducts its business through subsidiaries in the Americas, Europe, Middle East and Africa ("EMEA") and Asia Pacific. Shares of Logitech International S.A. are listed on both the SIX Swiss Exchange under the trading symbol LOGN and the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the trading symbol LOGI.

Business Acquisition

In August 2018, the Company acquired Blue Microphones Holding Corporation. See "Note 2 - Business Acquisition" for more information.

Basis of Presentation
 
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Logitech and its subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. The condensed consolidated financial statements are presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and therefore do not include all the information required by GAAP for complete financial statements. They should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018, included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on May 21, 2018. 

In the opinion of management, these condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of only normal and recurring adjustments, necessary and in all material aspects, for a fair statement of the results of operations, comprehensive income, financial position, cash flows and changes in shareholders' equity for the periods presented. Operating results for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2019, or any future periods.

Reclassification

Certain amounts from the comparative period in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the condensed consolidated financial statement presentation as of and for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018.

Changes in Significant Accounting Policies
 
Other than the recent accounting pronouncements adopted and discussed below under Recent Accounting Pronouncements Adopted and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, there have been no changes in the Company’s significant accounting policies during the nine months ended December 31, 2018 compared with the significant accounting policies described in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018.
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions believed to be reasonable. Significant estimates and assumptions made by management involve the fair value of goodwill, intangible assets acquired from business acquisitions, warranty liabilities, accruals for customer incentives, cooperative marketing, and pricing programs ("Customer Programs") and related breakage when appropriate, accrued revenue reserve from returns, allowance for doubtful accounts, inventory valuation, contingent consideration from business acquisitions and periodical reassessment of its fair value, share-based compensation expense, uncertain tax positions, and valuation allowances for deferred tax assets. Although these estimates are based on management’s best knowledge of current events and actions that may impact the Company in the future, actual results could differ materially from these estimates.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Adopted

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)" ("ASU 2014-09" or “Topic 606”) which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements under Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 605 (“Topic 605”), Revenue Recognition. ASU 2014-09 outlines a new, single, comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes existing revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. Under the new guidance, recognition of revenue occurs when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard requires reporting companies to disclose the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. On April 1, 2018, the Company adopted the new standard and all related amendments using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of April 1, 2018. Results for reporting periods beginning after March 31, 2018 are presented under Topic 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with historic accounting standards under Topic 605.

As a result of the adoption of the new standard, the Company a) recorded a reduction to retained earnings as of April 1, 2018; and b) reclassified certain allowances for sales returns and certain other Customer Programs from accounts receivable, net to accrued and other current liabilities and other current assets.

The cumulative effect of the changes to the condensed consolidated balance sheet from the adoption of Topic 606 was as follows (in thousands):

 
 
As of
 March 31, 2018
 
Effect of Adoption of Topic 606
 
As of
April 1, 2018
Accounts receivable, net
 
$
214,885

 
$
105,768

 
$
320,653

Other current assets
 
56,362

 
6,195

 
62,557

Accrued and other current liabilities
 
281,732

 
122,845

 
404,577

Retained earnings
 
1,232,316

 
(10,882
)
 
1,221,434



Net Reduction to Retained Earnings as of April 1, 2018

Under Topic 605, accruals for certain Customer Programs were recognized as a reduction of revenue at the later of when the related revenue is recognized or when the program is offered to the customer. Under Topic 606, these programs qualify as variable consideration and are recorded as a reduction of the transaction price at contract inception based on the expected value method. The Company is required to estimate the accruals for these programs ahead of commitment date if customary business practice creates an implied expectation that such activities will occur in the future.

Under Topic 606, variable consideration must be estimated at the outset of the arrangement, subject to the constraint guidance to ensure that a significant revenue reversal will not occur. As a result, upon adoption of Topic 606, estimated breakage for accruals of certain Customer Programs is recognized sooner as compared to Topic 605.

Balance Sheet Reclassifications

Under Topic 605, the gross amount of accrued revenue reserves for sales returns of $31.4 million, net of expected returned inventory of $11.4 million was included within accounts receivable, net as of March 31, 2018. Expected scrap cost of $5.2 million for such expected returned inventory was included in accrued and other current liabilities as of March 31, 2018. Subsequent to the adoption of Topic 606, such balances are presented on a gross basis as accrued revenue reserve from returns of $31.4 million included in accrued and other current liabilities and as return assets of $6.2 million included in other current assets.

Under Topic 605, revenue reserves for certain Customer Programs totaling $76.7 million, which were estimated using portfolio approach based on aggregated customer level, were included within accounts receivable, net as of March 31, 2018. Subsequent to the adoption of Topic 606, such balances are presented as accrued customer marketing, pricing and incentive programs included in accrued and other current liabilities.

Certain balances of allowances for sales return and accruals for Customer Programs which were accrued based on offers made to individual customers, met the right of offset criteria in accordance with ASC 210-20, "Balance Sheet (Topic 210)", and are still included within accounts receivable, net.     

The adoption of Topic 606 did not have an impact over the total cash flows from operating, investing, or financing activities.

The following tables summarize the impacts of adopting Topic 606 on the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 and condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2018 (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended December 31, 2018
 
Nine Months Ended December 31, 2018
 
As Reported Under Topic 606
If Reported Under Topic 605
Effect of Change
 
As Reported Under Topic 606
If Reported Under Topic 605
Effect of Change
Net sales
$
864,388

$
853,563

$
10,825

 
$
2,164,014

$
2,158,267

$
5,747


 
 
As of December 31, 2018
 
 
As Reported Under Topic 606
 
Balance Under Topic 605
 
Effect of Change
Accounts receivable, net
 
484,204

 
345,055

 
139,149

Other current assets
 
73,174

 
65,758

 
7,416

Accrued and other current liabilities
 
478,632

 
326,932

 
151,700

Retained earnings
 
1,322,915

 
1,328,050

 
(5,135
)


In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, "Financial Instruments-Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (Subtopic 825-10)" ("ASU 2016-01"). ASU 2016-01 requires entities to measure equity instruments at fair value and recognize any changes in fair value within the statement of operations. The Company adopted ASU 2016-01 effective April 1, 2018 on a prospective basis for its privately held strategic equity securities without readily determinable fair values. The Company elected the measurement alternative to record these investments at cost and to adjust for impairments and observable price changes with a same or similar security from the same issuer within the statement of operations. The adoption of ASU 2016-01 did not have a material impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements.

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, "Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory" ("ASU 2016-16"), which eliminates the deferral of income tax effects of intra-entity asset transfers until the transferred asset is sold to an unrelated party or recovered through use. However, this standard does not apply to intra-entity transfer of inventory. The Company adopted this standard effective April 1, 2018 on a modified retrospective basis, and the adoption of ASU 2016-16 did not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

In December 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, "Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash" ("ASU 2016-18"), which requires that a statement of cash flows explains the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. The Company adopted this standard effective April 1, 2018, utilizing the retrospective transition method to each period presented and the adoption of ASU 2016-18 did not have an impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements as the Company did not have any restricted cash for either period presented.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, "Business Combination (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business" ("ASU 2017-01"), which changes the definition of a business to assist with evaluating when a set of transferred assets and activities is a business. The Company adopted this standard effective April 1, 2018, and the adoption of ASU 2017-01 did not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, "Compensation-Retirement Benefit (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost" ("ASU 2017-07"), which requires that the Company disaggregate the service cost component from the other components of net benefit cost, and also provides guidance on how to present the service cost component and the other components of net benefit cost in the income statement and allow only the service cost component of net benefit cost to be eligible for capitalization. The Company adopted this standard effective April 1, 2018 using a retrospective adoption method. Other than the revised statement of operations presentation for the periods in fiscal year 2019, the adoption of ASU 2017-07 did not have an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. The impact to the comparative period was immaterial and therefore the prior period statements of operations was not revised.

In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, "Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities" ("ASU 2017-12"), which improves the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better portray the economic results of an entity’s risk management activities in its financial statements and simplifies the application of the hedge accounting guidance. The Company adopted this standard prospectively on April 1, 2018, and the adoption of ASU 2017-12 did not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements. In accordance with ASU 2017-12, the Company has started presenting the earnings impact from forward points in the cost of goods sold line item, which is used to present the earnings impact of the hedged item.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements to be Adopted

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)" ("ASU 2016-02" or "Topic 842"), which generally requires companies to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities arising from operating and financing leases with terms longer than 12 months in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company will adopt the new guidance in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020 on a modified retrospective basis, thereby recognizing the cumulative effect of initially applying Topic 842 as an adjustment to opening retained earnings on the adoption date, without revising the balances in comparative periods. The Company plans on electing the package of transitional practical expedients upon adoption which, among other provisions, allows the Company to carry forward historical lease classification, for any expired or existing leases on the adoption date. Although the Company expects to record significant amounts of right-of-use assets and liabilities on its consolidated balance sheets, the Company is still evaluating the full impact that ASU 2016-02 will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, "Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurements" ("ASU 2018-13"), which aims to improve the overall usefulness of disclosures to financial statement users and reduce unnecessary costs to companies when preparing fair value measurement disclosures. ASU 2018-13 is effective for annual and interim periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. Retrospective adoption is required, except for certain disclosures which will be required to be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2018-13 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and will adopt the standard effective April 1, 2020.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-14, "Compensation - Retirement Benefits - Defined Benefits Plans - General (Subtopic 715-20): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans" ("ASU 2018-14"), which aims to improve the overall usefulness of disclosures to financial statement users and reduce unnecessary costs to companies when preparing defined benefit plan disclosures. ASU 2018-14 is effective for annual periods in fiscal years ending after December 15, 2020. Retrospective adoption is required and early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2018-14 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and will adopt the standard effective April 1, 2020.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, "Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract" ("ASU 2018-15"), which clarifies that implementation costs incurred by customers in cloud computing arrangements are deferred if they would be capitalized by customers in software licensing arrangements under the internal-use software guidance. ASU 2018-15 is effective for annual and interim periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. Entities have the option to apply the guidance prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption or retrospectively. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2018-15 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and will adopt the standard effective April 1, 2020.

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or service in an amount that reflects the transaction price the Company expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services.

Substantially all revenue recognized by the Company relates to the contracts with customers to sell products that allow people to connect through music, gaming, video, computing, and other digital platforms. These products are hardware devices, which may include embedded software that function together, and are considered as one performance obligation. Hardware devices are generally plug and play, requiring no configuration and little or no installation. Revenue is recognized at a point in time when control of the products is transferred to the customer which generally occurs upon shipment. The Company’s contracts with its customers generally have a one year term. The Company applies the practical expedient of not disclosing the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts with an original expected length of one year or less.

The Company also provides post-contract customer support (“PCS”) for certain products and related software, which includes unspecified software updates and upgrades, bug fixes and maintenance. The transaction price is allocated to two performance obligations in such contracts, based on a relative standalone selling price. The transaction price allocated to PCS is recognized as revenue on a straight-line basis, which reflects the pattern of delivery of PCS, over the estimated term of the support that is between one to two years. Deferred revenue associated with remaining PCS performance obligation as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018 was not material .

The Company normally requires payment from customers within thirty to sixty days from the invoice date. However, terms may vary by customer type, by country and by selling season. Extended payment terms are sometimes offered to a limited number of customers during the second and third fiscal quarters. The Company does not modify payment terms on existing receivables. The Company's contracts with customers do not include significant financing components as the period between the satisfaction of performance obligations and timing of payment are generally within one year.

The transaction price received by the Company from sales to its distributors, retail companies ("retailers"), and authorized resellers is calculated as selling price net of variable consideration which may include product returns, price protection, and the Company’s payments for Customer Programs related to current period product revenue. The estimated impact of these programs is recorded as a reduction of sales or as an operating expense if the Company receives a distinct good or service from the customer and can reasonably estimate the fair value of that good or service received. Certain Customer Programs require management to estimate the percentage of those programs which will not be claimed or will not be earned by customers based on historical experience and on the specific terms and conditions of particular programs. The percentage of these customer programs that will not be claimed or earned is commonly referred to as "breakage". The Company accounts for breakage as part of variable consideration, subject to constraint, and records the estimated impact in the same period when revenue is recognized at the expected value. Significant management judgments and estimates are used to determine the impact of the program and breakage in any accounting period.

The Company enters into cooperative marketing arrangements with many of its customers and with certain indirect partners, allowing customers to receive a credit equal to a set percentage of their purchases of the Company's products, or a fixed dollar amount for various marketing and incentive programs. The objective of these arrangements is to encourage advertising and promotional events to increase sales of the Company's products.

Customer incentive programs include consumer rebates and performance-based incentives. Consumer rebates are offered to the Company's customers and indirect partners at the Company's discretion for the primary benefit of end-users. In addition, the Company offers performance-based incentives to many of its customers and indirect partners based on predetermined performance criteria. At management's discretion, the Company also offers special pricing discounts to certain customers. Special pricing discounts are usually offered only for limited time periods or for sales of selected products to specific indirect partners.

Cooperative marketing arrangements and customer incentive programs are considered variable consideration, which the Company estimates and records as a reduction to revenue at the time of sale based on negotiated terms, historical experiences, forecasted incentives, anticipated volume of future purchases, and inventory levels in the channel.

The Company has agreements with certain customers that contain terms allowing price protection credits to be issued in the event of a subsequent price reduction. Management's decision to make price reductions is influenced by product life cycle stage, market acceptance of products, the competitive environment, new product introductions and other factors. Accruals for estimated expected future pricing actions are recognized at the time of sale based on analyses of historical pricing actions by customer and by product, inventories owned by and located at customers, current customer demand, current operating conditions, and other relevant customer and product information, such as stage of product life-cycle.

Product return rights vary by customer. Estimates of expected future product returns qualify as variable consideration and are recorded as a reduction of the transaction price of the contract at the time of sale based on an analyses of historical return trends by customer and by product, inventories owned by and located at customers, current customer demand, current operating conditions, and other relevant customer and product information. The Company assesses the estimated returned asset value for impairment, and adjusts the value of the asset for any impairment. Return trends are influenced by product life cycle status, new product introductions, market acceptance of products, sales levels, product sell-through, the type of customer, seasonality, product quality issues, competitive pressures, operational policies and procedures, and other factors. Return rates can fluctuate over time but are sufficiently predictable to allow the Company to estimate expected future product returns.

Typically, variable consideration does not need to be constrained as estimates are based on predictive historical data or future commitments that are planned and controlled by the Company. However, the Company continues to assess variable consideration estimates such that it is probable that a significant reversal of revenue will not occur.

The Company regularly evaluates the adequacy of its estimates for Customer Programs and product returns. Future market conditions and product transitions may require the Company to take action to change such programs and related estimates. When the variables used to estimate these costs change, or if actual costs differ significantly from the estimates, the Company would be required to increase or reduce revenue or operating expenses to reflect the impact.

Sales taxes and value-added taxes (“VAT”) collected from customers, if applicable, which are remitted to governmental authorities are not included in revenue, and are reflected as a liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Shipping and Handling Costs

The Company's shipping and handling costs are included in cost of goods sold in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for all periods presented.

Contract Balances

The Company records accounts receivable from contracts with customers when it has an unconditional right to consideration, as accounts receivable, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

The Company records contract liabilities when cash payments are received or due in advance of performance, primarily for implied support and subscriptions. Contract liabilities are included in accrued and other current liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

As of December 31, 2018 and for the period then ended, and as of April 1, 2018, the Company did not have any material contract liabilities balances or changes.

Contract Costs

The Company recognizes the incremental costs of obtaining contracts as an expense when incurred if the amortization period of the assets that otherwise would have been recognized is one year or less. These costs are included in marketing and selling expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the Company did not have any material deferred contract costs.

Allowances for Doubtful Accounts

Allowances for doubtful accounts are maintained for estimated losses resulting from the Company's customers' inability to make payments. The allowances are based on the Company's regular assessment of the financial condition of specific customers, as well as its historical experience with bad debts and customer deductions, receivables aging, current economic trends, geographic or country-specific risks and the financial condition of its distribution channels.
v3.10.0.1
Business Acquisition Business Acquisition
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Business Combinations [Abstract]  
Business Acquisition
Business Acquisition

Blue Microphones Acquisition

On August 21, 2018 (the "Acquisition Date"), the Company acquired all equity interests in Blue Microphones Holding Corporation ("Blue Microphones") for a total consideration of $134.8 million in cash (the "Blue Microphones Acquisition"), which included a working capital adjustment and repayment of debt on behalf of Blue Microphones. The Company finalized the working capital adjustment in the third quarter of fiscal year 2019, which reduced the purchase price for Blue Microphones by a nominal amount.

Blue Microphones is a leading audio manufacturer that designs and produces microphones, headphones, recording tools, and accessories for audio professionals, musicians and consumers. The Blue Microphones Acquisition is consistent with Logitech's merger and acquisition strategy and will supplement the Company's portfolio in the microphones market. 

Blue Microphones met the definition of a business, and therefore the acquisition is accounted for using the acquisition method. During the three months ended December 31, 2018, the Company identified and recorded an insignificant measurement period adjustment to the preliminary value assigned to goodwill. 

The Company is still in the process of finalizing the valuation of identifiable intangible assets acquired and may revise its preliminary estimates of fair values during the remainder of the measurement period (which will not exceed 12 months from the Acquisition Date).

The following table summarizes the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the Acquisition Date, and the value of goodwill resulting from the measurement period adjustments in the three months ended December 31, 2018 (in thousands):
 
 
Estimated Fair Value
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
1,110

Accounts receivable
 
10,979

Inventories
 
19,546

Other current assets
 
1,034

Property, plant and equipment
 
452

Intangible assets
 
53,267

Total identifiable assets acquired
 
$
86,388

Accounts payable
 
(10,322
)
Accrued liabilities
 
(13,186
)
Other long-term liabilities
 
(45
)
Net identifiable assets acquired
 
$
62,835

Goodwill
 
71,940

Net assets acquired
 
$
134,775



Goodwill related to the acquisition is primarily attributable to opportunities and economies of scale from combining the operations and technologies of Logitech and Blue Microphones and is not deductible for tax purposes.

The fair value of the inventory acquired is estimated at its net realizable value, which uses the estimated selling prices, less the cost of disposal and a reasonable profit allowance for the selling efforts. The difference between the fair value of the inventories and the amount recorded by Blue Microphones immediately before the acquisition date is $1.8 million, which has been subsequently recognized in "amortization of intangibles assets and purchase accounting effect on inventory" in the condensed consolidated statements of operations upon the sale of the acquired inventory.

The following table summarizes the preliminary estimated fair values and estimated useful lives of the components of identifiable intangible assets acquired as of the Acquisition Date (Dollars in thousands):
 
Preliminary Fair Value
 
Estimated Useful Life (years)
Developed technology
$
17,967

 
5.0
Customer relationships
22,800

 
10.0
Trade name
12,500

 
7.0
Total intangible assets acquired
$
53,267

 
7.6


Intangible assets acquired as a result of the Blue Microphones Acquisition are being amortized over their estimated useful lives using the straight-line method of amortization, which materially approximates the distribution of the economic value of the identified intangible assets. Amortization of acquired developed technology of $1.0 million and $1.2 million, respectively, during the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 is included in "amortization of intangible assets and purchase accounting effect of inventory" in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Amortization of the acquired customer relationships and trade name of $1.0 million and $1.4 million during the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 is included in "amortization of intangible assets and acquisition-related costs" in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Developed technology relates to existing Blue Microphones products. The economic useful life was determined based on the technology cycle related to developed technology of existing products, as well as the cash flows anticipated over the forecasted periods.

Customer relationships represent the fair value of future projected revenue that will be derived from sales of products to existing customers of Blue Microphones. The economic useful life was determined based on historical customer turnover rates and industry benchmarks.

Trade name relates to the “Blue Microphones” trade name. The economic useful life was determined based on the expected life of the trade name and the cash flows anticipated over the forecasted periods.

The fair values of developed technology and trade name were estimated using the relief-from-royalty method, an income approach (Level 3), which estimates the cost savings that accrue to the owner of the intangible assets that would otherwise be payable as royalties or license fees on revenues earned through the use of the asset. A royalty rate is applied to the projected revenues associated with the intangible assets to determine the amount of savings, which is then discounted to determine the fair value. The developed technology and trade name were valued using royalty rates of 10% and 3%, respectively, and both were discounted at a rate of 11%.

The fair value of customer relationships was estimated using the excess earnings method, an income approach (Level 3), which converts projected revenues and costs into cash flows. To reflect the fact that certain other assets contributed to the cash flows generated, the returns for these contributory assets were removed to arrive at estimated cash flows solely attributable to the customer relationships, which were discounted at a rate of 11%.

The Company believes the preliminary fair values of purchased intangible assets recorded above represents their fair values and approximates the amounts a market participant would pay for these intangible assets as of the Acquisition Date.

The Company incurred acquisition-related costs for the Blue Microphones Acquisition of approximately $1.5 million during the nine months ended December 31, 2018. The acquisition-related costs are included in "amortization of intangible assets and acquisition-related costs" in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

The Company included Blue Microphones' estimated fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in its condensed consolidated balance sheet beginning on the Acquisition Date. The results of operations for Blue Microphones subsequent to the Acquisition Date have been included in, but are not material to, the Company's condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018. Pro forma results of operations for the Blue Microphones Acquisition have not been presented because they are not material to the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018. Blue Microphones, the acquisition of which was closed on August 21, 2018, contributed $24.8 million and $32.5 million to net sales, representing approximately 3% and 2% of the net sales of the Company for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018, respectively.
v3.10.0.1
Net Income Per Share
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Earnings Per Share [Abstract]  
Net Income Per Share
Net Income Per Share
 
The computations of basic and diluted net income per share for the Company were as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income
 
$
112,810

 
$
80,773

 
$
215,452

 
$
174,138

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares used in net income per share computation:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Weighted average shares outstanding - basic
 
165,707

 
164,248

 
165,552

 
163,924

Effect of potentially dilutive equivalent shares
 
3,200

 
4,831

 
3,414

 
4,908

Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted
 
168,907

 
169,079

 
168,966

 
168,832

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
 
$
0.68

 
$
0.49

 
$
1.30

 
$
1.06

Diluted
 
$
0.67

 
$
0.48

 
$
1.28

 
$
1.03


 
Share equivalents attributable to outstanding stock options, restricted stock units ("RSUs") and ESPP totaling 1.3 million and 0.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and 1.2 million and 1.1 million for the nine months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted net income per share because the combined exercise price and average unamortized grant date fair value upon exercise of these options and ESPP or vesting of RSUs were greater than the average market price of the Company's shares during the periods presented herein, and therefore their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. Performance-based awards were not included because all necessary conditions have not been satisfied by the end of the respective period, and those shares were not issuable if the end of the reporting period were the end of the contingency period.
v3.10.0.1
Employee Benefit Plans
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Disclosure of Compensation Related Costs, Share-based Payments [Abstract]  
Employee Benefit Plans
Employee Benefit Plans
 
Employee Share Purchase Plans and Stock Incentive Plans
 
As of December 31, 2018, the Company offers the 2006 ESPP (2006 Employee Share Purchase Plan (Non-U.S.)), the 1996 ESPP (1996 Employee Share Purchase Plan (U.S.)), the 2006 Plan (2006 Stock Incentive Plan) and the 2012 Plan (2012 Stock Inducement Equity Plan), each as amended.

The following table summarizes the share-based compensation expense and total income tax provision (benefit) recognized for share-based awards for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Cost of goods sold
 
$
953

 
$
960

 
$
2,874

 
$
2,762

Marketing and selling
 
4,600

 
4,624

 
15,250

 
13,348

Research and development
 
1,811

 
1,621

 
5,295

 
4,797

General and administrative
 
4,491

 
4,351

 
13,744

 
12,332

Total share-based compensation expense
 
11,855

 
11,556

 
37,163

 
33,239

Income tax provision (benefit)
 
(2,397
)
 
3,038

 
(14,576
)
 
(11,921
)
Total share-based compensation expense, net of income tax provision (benefit)
 
$
9,458

 
$
14,594

 
$
22,587

 
$
21,318



The income tax benefit in the respective period primarily consists of tax benefit related to the share-based compensation expense for the period and direct tax benefit realized, including net excess tax benefits recognized from share-based awards vested or exercised during the period. The income tax benefit for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2017 was reduced by the income tax provision resulting from the remeasurement of applicable federal deferred tax assets due to the enactment of H.R.1, also known as the "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act" ("the Tax Act") in the United States on December 22, 2017. See "Note 5 - Income Taxes" for more information.

As of December 31, 2018 and 2017, the balance of capitalized share-based compensation included in inventory was $0.8 million.
 
Defined Benefit Plans
 
Certain of the Company’s subsidiaries sponsor defined benefit pension plans or non-retirement post-employment benefits covering substantially all of their employees. Benefits are provided based on employees’ years of service and earnings, or in accordance with applicable employee benefit regulations. The Company’s practice is to fund amounts sufficient to meet the requirements set forth in the applicable employee benefit and tax regulations. The costs recorded of $2.2 million and $2.3 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $6.7 million and $6.9 million for the nine months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, were primarily related to service costs.
v3.10.0.1
Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
Income Taxes
 
The Company is incorporated in Switzerland but operates in various countries with differing tax laws and rates. Further, a portion of the Company’s income before taxes and the provision for (benefit from) income taxes are generated outside of Switzerland.

The income tax provision for the three months ended December 31, 2018 was $9.3 million based on an effective income tax rate of 7.6% of pre-tax income, compared to an income tax provision of $20.0 million based on an effective income tax rate of 19.9% of pre-tax income for the three months ended December 31, 2017. The income tax provision for the nine months ended December 31, 2018 was $10.3 million based on an effective income tax rate of 4.6% of pre-tax income, compared to an income tax provision of $18.7 million based on an effective income tax rate of 9.7% of pre-tax income for the nine months ended December 31, 2017.

The changes in the effective income tax rate for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018, compared to the same periods ended December 31, 2017, were primarily due to the mix of income and losses in the various tax jurisdictions which the Company operates and the provisional income tax impact from the Tax Act as of December 31, 2017. The Company recorded a provisional income tax charge of $19.9 million from the estimated remeasurement of federal deferred tax assets and liabilities as of December 31, 2017 to reflect the effects of the enacted changes in tax rate and an income tax benefit of $4.1 million from assessment of valuation allowance against tax credits. Furthermore, in the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018, there were discrete tax benefits of $0.9 million and $2.3 million, respectively, from the reversal of uncertain tax positions from the expiration of statutes of limitations. In the same periods ended December 31, 2017, the tax benefits from reversal of uncertain tax positions from the expiration of statutes of limitations were $6.0 million and $7.9 million, respectively.

The Company completed its review of previously recorded provisional income tax amounts related to net deferred tax assets impacted by the Tax Act and concluded that additional information, interpretation and guidance that became available during the twelve-month measurement period did not alter the Company’s application of tax law in remeasuring gross deferred tax assets and related valuation allowance. There were no adjustments deemed necessary in the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018.

As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits due to uncertain tax positions was $74.6 million and $69.1 million, respectively, all of which would affect the effective income tax rate if recognized.

As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the Company had $36.2 million and $35.0 million, respectively, in non-current income taxes payable including interest and penalties, related to the Company's income tax liability for uncertain tax positions.
 
The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax positions in income tax provision. As of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, the Company had $2.4 million and $2.3 million, respectively, of accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions.
 
Although the Company has adequately provided for uncertain tax positions, the provisions on these positions may change as revised estimates are made or the underlying matters are settled or otherwise resolved. During fiscal year 2019, the Company continues to review its tax positions and provide for or reverse unrecognized tax benefits as issues arise. During the next twelve months, it is reasonably possible that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits could increase or decrease significantly due to changes in tax law in various jurisdictions, new tax audits and changes in the U.S. dollar as compared to other currencies. Excluding these factors, uncertain tax positions may decrease by as much as $7.0 million from the lapse of the statutes of limitations in various jurisdictions during the next twelve months.
v3.10.0.1
Balance Sheet Components
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Balance Sheet Related Disclosures [Abstract]  
Balance Sheet Components
Balance Sheet Components
 
The following table presents the components of certain balance sheet asset amounts as of December 31 and March 31, 2018 (in thousands): 
 
 
December 31, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
Accounts receivable, net:
 
 

 
 

Accounts receivable
 
$
712,598

 
$
482,872

Allowance for doubtful accounts
 
(933
)
 
(122
)
Allowance for sales returns (1)
 
(7,772
)
 
(25,515
)
Allowance for cooperative marketing arrangements (1)
 
(41,503
)
 
(30,389
)
Allowance for customer incentive programs (1)
 
(77,422
)
 
(70,592
)
Allowance for pricing programs (1)
 
(100,764
)
 
(141,369
)
 
 
$
484,204

 
$
214,885

Inventories:
 
 

 
 

Raw materials
 
$
30,882

 
$
33,603

Finished goods
 
311,149

 
226,303

 
 
$
342,031

 
$
259,906

Other current assets:
 
 

 
 

Value-added tax receivables
 
$
35,664

 
$
29,477

Prepaid expenses and other assets (1)
 
37,510

 
26,885

 
 
$
73,174

 
$
56,362

Property, plant and equipment, net:
 
 

 
 

Property, plant and equipment at cost
 
$
353,517

 
$
346,588

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
(271,940
)
 
(260,284
)
 
 
$
81,577

 
$
86,304

Other assets:
 
 

 
 

Deferred tax assets
 
$
90,398

 
$
84,651

Trading investments for deferred compensation plan
 
18,683

 
17,748

Investments in privately held companies
 
15,526

 
12,448

Other assets
 
4,680

 
5,908

 
 
$
129,287

 
$
120,755



The following table presents the components of certain balance sheet liability amounts as of December 31 and March 31, 2018 (in thousands): 
 
 
December 31, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
Accrued and other current liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Accrued personnel expenses
 
$
101,612

 
$
82,330

Accrued revenue reserve from returns (1)
 
35,911

 

Accrued customer marketing, pricing and incentive programs (1)
 
180,319

 
71,962

Warranty accrual
 
21,158

 
16,279

Employee benefit plan obligation
 
2,531

 
1,763

Income taxes payable
 
5,942

 
4,354

Other current liabilities
 
131,159

 
105,044

 
 
$
478,632

 
$
281,732

Other non-current liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Warranty accrual
 
$
14,317

 
$
11,294

Obligation for deferred compensation plan
 
18,683

 
17,748

Employee benefit plan obligation
 
40,740

 
42,434

Deferred tax liability
 
1,980

 
1,980

Other non-current liabilities
 
7,324

 
8,468

 
 
$
83,044

 
$
81,924


(1) Certain allowances for sales return and certain other Customer Programs were included within accounts receivable, net balance as of March 31, 2018. Upon adoption of Topic 606, such balances are presented as accrued revenue reserve from returns and accrued customer marketing, pricing and incentive programs included in accrued and other current liabilities, and as return assets included in other current assets, respectively, on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2018. Refer to Note 1 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for more information.
v3.10.0.1
Fair Value Measurements
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Financial Instruments, Owned, at Fair Value [Abstract]  
Fair Value Measurements
Fair Value Measurements
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
The Company considers fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company utilizes the following three-level fair value hierarchy to establish the priorities of the inputs used to measure fair value:
 
Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
 
Level 2 — Observable inputs other than quoted market prices included in Level 1, such as: quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
 
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.

The following table presents the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis, excluding assets related to the Company’s defined benefit pension plans, classified by the level within the fair value hierarchy (in thousands): 
 
 
December 31, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash equivalents
 
$
425,543

 
$

 
$

 
$
492,535

 
$

 
$

 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Trading investments for deferred compensation plan included in other assets:
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

Money market funds
 
$
4,315

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,881

 
$

 
$

Mutual funds
 
14,368

 

 

 
14,867

 

 

Total of trading investments for deferred compensation plan
 
$
18,683

 
$

 
$

 
$
17,748

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency exchange derivative assets
included in other current assets
 
$

 
$
202

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency exchange derivative liabilities
included in accrued and other current liabilities
 
$

 
$
627

 
$

 
$

 
$
34

 
$


 
Investment Securities
 
The marketable securities for the Company's deferred compensation plan were recorded at a fair value of $18.7 million and $17.7 million, as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, respectively, based on quoted market prices. Quoted market prices are observable inputs that are classified as Level 1 within the fair value hierarchy. Unrealized gains (losses) related to trading securities for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 were not material and are included in other expense, net in the Company's condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Non-marketable Investments

The Company has certain non-marketable investments included in other assets that are accounted for under the equity method of accounting, with a carrying value of $6.0 million and $5.1 million as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, respectively.

In addition, the Company has certain investments without readily determinable fair values due to the absence of quoted market prices, the inherent lack of liquidity, and the fact that inputs used to measure fair value are unobservable and require management's judgment. When certain events or circumstances indicate that impairment may exist, the Company revalues the investments using various assumptions, including the financial metrics and ratios of comparable public companies. The carrying value is also adjusted for observable price changes with a same or similar security from the same issuer. The amount of these investments included in other assets as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018 was $9.5 million and $7.3 million, respectively. There was no impairment of these assets during the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 or 2017.

Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

The Company’s non-financial assets, such as intangible assets and acquisition-related property, plant and equipment, are recorded at fair value only upon initial recognition or if an impairment is recognized. There was no impairment of these assets during the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 or 2017.
v3.10.0.1
Derivative Financial Instruments
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]  
Derivative Financial Instruments
Derivative Financial Instruments
 
Under certain agreements with the respective counterparties to the Company’s derivative contracts, subject to applicable requirements, the Company is allowed to net settle transactions of the same type with a single net amount payable by one party to the other. However, the Company presents its derivative assets and derivative liabilities on a gross basis on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018.

The fair value of the Company’s derivative instruments were not material as of December 31, 2018 or March 31, 2018. The amount of gain (loss) recognized on derivatives not designated as hedging instruments was not material in all periods presented herein. The following table presents the amounts of gains (losses) on the Company’s derivative instruments designated as hedging instruments and their locations on its condensed consolidated statements of operations and condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
 
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Deferred as a Component of Accumulated
Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Amount of Loss (Gain)
Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss to
Costs of Goods Sold
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Cash flow hedges
 
$
575

 
$
(677
)
 
$
(615
)
 
$
2,248



 
 
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
 
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Deferred as a Component of Accumulated
Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Amount of Loss (Gain)
Reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss to
Costs of Goods Sold
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Cash flow hedges
 
$
1,060

 
$
(6,026
)
 
$
2,454

 
$
5,377



Upon adoption of ASU 2017-12, the Company has started presenting the earnings impact from forward points in the same line item that is used to present the earnings impact of the hedged item, i.e. cost of goods sold, for hedging forecasted inventory purchases and such amount is not material for all periods presented.

Cash Flow Hedges
 
The Company enters into cash flow hedge contracts to protect against exchange rate exposure of forecasted inventory purchases. These hedging contracts mature within four months. Gains and losses in the fair value of the effective portion of the hedges are deferred as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss until the hedged inventory purchases are sold, at which time the gains or losses are reclassified to cost of goods sold. Cash flows from such hedges are classified as operating activities in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. Hedging relationships are discontinued when hedging contract is no longer eligible for hedge accounting, or is sold, terminated or exercised, or when Company removes hedge designation for the contract. Gains and losses in the fair value of the effective portion of the discontinued hedges continue to be reported in accumulated other comprehensive loss until the hedged inventory purchases are sold, unless it is probable that the forecasted inventory purchases will not occur by the end of the originally specified time period or within an additional two-month period of time thereafter. In all periods presented herein, there have been no forecasted inventory purchases that were probable to not occur by the end of the originally specified time period or within an additional two-month period of time thereafter. The notional amounts of foreign currency exchange forward contracts outstanding related to forecasted inventory purchases were $64.3 million as of December 31, 2018. As of March 31, 2018, there were no currency forward contracts outstanding related to forecasted inventory purchases. The Company had $0.3 million of net gains related to its cash flow hedges included in accumulated other comprehensive loss as of December 31, 2018 which will be reclassified into earnings within the next 12 months.
 
Other Derivatives
 
The Company also enters into foreign currency exchange forward and swap contracts to reduce the short-term effects of currency exchange rate fluctuations on certain receivables or payables denominated in currencies other than the functional currencies of its subsidiaries. These contracts generally mature within one month. The primary risk managed by using forward and swap contracts is the currency exchange rate risk. The gains or losses on these contracts are recognized in other expense, net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations based on the changes in fair value. The notional amounts of these contracts outstanding as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018 were $68.3 million and $47.2 million, respectively. Open forward and swap contracts outstanding as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018 consisted of contracts in Mexican Pesos, Japanese Yen, Canadian Dollars, Taiwan New Dollars and Australian Dollars to be settled at future dates at pre-determined exchange rates.
 
The fair value of all foreign currency exchange forward and swap contracts is determined based on observable market transactions of spot currency rates and forward rates. Cash flows from these contracts are classified as operating activities in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.
v3.10.0.1
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Goodwill and Intangible Assets Disclosure [Abstract]  
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

The Company conducts its impairment analysis of goodwill annually at December 31 and as necessary, if changes in facts and circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the Company’s reporting unit may be less than its carrying amount. The Company conducted its annual impairment analysis of goodwill as of December 31, 2018 by performing a qualitative assessment and concluded that it was more likely than not that the fair value of its reporting unit exceeds its carrying amount. In assessing the qualitative factors, the Company considered the impact of: change in industry and competitive environment, growth in the Company's market capitalization and budgeted-to-actual revenue performance for the last twelve months.

The following table summarizes the activities in the Company’s goodwill balance during the nine months ended December 31, 2018 (in thousands):
As of March 31, 2018
 
$
275,451

Acquisition (Note 2)
 
71,940

Currency translation
 
(22
)
As of December 31, 2018
 
$
347,369


The Company's acquired intangible assets subject to amortization were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
December 31, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
 
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Carrying Amount
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Carrying Amount
Trademark and trade names
 
$
36,370

 
$
(12,430
)
 
$
23,940

 
$
23,870

 
$
(9,482
)
 
$
14,388

Developed technology
 
95,207

 
(59,070
)
 
36,137

 
77,175

 
(50,755
)
 
26,420

Customer contracts/relationships
 
82,310

 
(18,744
)
 
63,566

 
59,510

 
(12,771
)
 
46,739

Total
 
$
213,887

 
$
(90,244
)
 
$
123,643

 
$
160,555

 
$
(73,008
)
 
$
87,547

v3.10.0.1
Financing Arrangements
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Debt Disclosure [Abstract]  
Financing Arrangements
Financing Arrangements
 
The Company had several uncommitted, unsecured bank lines of credit aggregating $79.4 million as of December 31, 2018. There are no financial covenants under these lines of credit with which the Company must comply. As of December 31, 2018, the Company had outstanding bank guarantees of $30.1 million under these lines of credit. There was no borrowing outstanding under these lines of credit as of December 31, 2018 or March 31, 2018.
v3.10.0.1
Commitments and Contingencies
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  
Commitments and Contingencies
Commitments and Contingencies
 
Product Warranties
 
All of the Company's products are covered by warranty to be free from defects in material and workmanship for periods ranging from one year to five years. The Company’s warranty doesn’t provide a service beyond assuring that the product complies with agreed-upon specifications and is not sold separately. The warranty the Company provides qualifies as an assurance warranty and is not treated as a separate performance obligation. The Company estimates cost of product warranties at the time the related revenue is recognized based on historical warranty claim rates, historical costs, and knowledge of specific product failures that are outside of the Company's typical experience. The Company accrues a warranty liability for estimated costs to provide products, parts or services to repair or replace products in satisfaction of the warranty obligation. Each quarter, the Company reevaluates estimates to assess the adequacy of recorded warranty liabilities. When the Company experiences changes in warranty claim activity or costs associated with fulfilling those claims, the warranty liability is adjusted accordingly. If actual product failure rates or repair costs differ from estimates, revisions to the estimated warranty liabilities would be required and could materially affect the Company's results of operations.

Changes in the Company’s warranty liability for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows (in thousands): 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Beginning of the period
$
31,754

 
$
24,349

 
$
27,573

 
$
21,911

Assumed from business acquisition

 

 
351

 
1,230

Provision
11,305

 
7,820

 
30,625

 
17,535

Settlements
(7,523
)
 
(6,050
)
 
(22,405
)
 
(15,229
)
Currency translation
(61
)
 
145

 
(669
)
 
817

End of the period
$
35,475

 
$
26,264

 
$
35,475

 
$
26,264


 
Guarantees
 
Logitech Europe S.A., one of the Company's wholly-owned subsidiaries, has guaranteed payments of certain third-party contract manufacturers’ purchase obligations. As of December 31, 2018, the maximum amount of this guarantee was $3.8 million.

Indemnifications
 
The Company indemnifies certain of its suppliers and customers for losses arising from matters such as intellectual property disputes and product safety defects, subject to certain restrictions. The scope of these indemnities varies, but in some instances, includes indemnification for damages and expenses, including reasonable attorneys’ fees. As of December 31, 2018, no amounts have been accrued for these indemnification provisions. The Company does not believe, based on historical experience and information currently available, that it is probable that any material amounts will be required to be paid under its indemnification arrangements.
 
The Company also indemnifies its current and former directors and certain of its current and former officers. Certain costs incurred for providing such indemnification may be recoverable under various insurance policies. The Company is unable to reasonably estimate the maximum amount that could be payable under these arrangements because these exposures are not limited, the obligations are conditional in nature and the facts and circumstances involved in any situation that might arise are variable.

Legal Proceedings
 
From time to time the Company is involved in claims and legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of its business. The Company is currently subject to several such claims and a small number of legal proceedings. The Company believes that these matters lack merit and intends to vigorously defend against them. Based on currently available information, the Company does not believe that resolution of pending matters will have a material adverse effect on its financial condition, cash flows or results of operations. However, litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and there can be no assurances that the Company’s defenses will be successful or that any such lawsuit or claim would not have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business, financial condition, cash flows or results of operations in a particular period. Any claims or proceedings against the Company, whether meritorious or not, can have an adverse impact because of defense costs, diversion of management and operational resources, negative publicity and other factors. Any failure to obtain a necessary license or other rights, or litigation arising out of intellectual property claims, could adversely affect the Company’s business.
v3.10.0.1
Shareholders' Equity
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Stockholders' Equity Note [Abstract]  
Shareholders' Equity
Shareholders’ Equity
 
Share Repurchase Program

In March 2017, the Company's Board of Directors approved the 2017 share buyback program, which authorizes the Company to use up to $250.0 million to purchase up to 17.3 million shares of its own shares. The Company's share buyback program is expected to remain in effect for a period of three years. Shares may be repurchased from time to time on the open market, through block trades or otherwise. Purchases may be started or stopped at any time without prior notice depending on market conditions and other factors. As of December 31, 2018, 197.4 million is still available for repurchase under the 2017 buyback program.

Cash Dividend on Shares of Common

During the nine months ended December 31, 2018, the Company declared and paid cash dividends of CHF 0.67 (USD equivalent of $0.69) per common share, totaling $114.0 million on the Company's outstanding common stock. During the nine months ended December 31, 2017, the Company declared and paid cash dividends of CHF 0.61 (USD equivalent of $0.63) per common share, totaling $104.2 million on the Company's outstanding common stock.

Any future dividends will be subject to the approval of the Company's shareholders.

Additional Authorized and Conditional Shares

The Company has reserved conditional capital of 25,000,000 shares for potential issuance on the exercise of rights granted under the Company's employee equity incentive plans and additional conditional capital for financing purposes, representing the issuance of up to 25,000,000 shares to cover any conversion rights under a future convertible bond issuance. During the 2018 Annual General Meeting, the shareholders of the Company authorized the Board of Directors to issue up to an additional 34,621,324 shares of the Company until September 5, 2020.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
The accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) was as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
Cumulative
Translation
Adjustment
(1)
 
Defined
Benefit
Plan 
(1)
 
Deferred Hedging Losses (1)
 
Total
March 31, 2018
 
$
(83,848
)
 
$
(6,398
)
 
$
(3,209
)
 
$
(93,455
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(8,252
)
 
(100
)
 
3,514

 
(4,838
)
December 31, 2018
 
$
(92,100
)
 
$
(6,498
)
 
$
305

 
$
(98,293
)
 
(1)        Tax effect was not significant as of December 31 or March 31, 2018.
v3.10.0.1
Segment Information
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Segment Reporting [Abstract]  
Segment Information
Segment Information
 
The Company has determined that it operates in a single operating segment that encompasses the design, manufacturing and marketing of peripherals for PCs, tablets and other digital platforms. Operating performance measures are provided directly to the Company's CEO, who is considered to be the Company’s Chief Operating Decision Maker. The CEO periodically reviews information such as net sales and adjusted operating income (loss) to make business decisions. These operating performance measures do not include restructuring charges (credits), net, share-based compensation expense, amortization of intangible assets, charges from the purchase accounting effect on inventory, acquisition-related costs, change in fair value of contingent consideration from business acquisition, or gain (loss) from investments in privately held companies.

Net sales by product categories and sales channels, excluding intercompany transactions, for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Pointing Devices
 
$
149,123

 
$
140,983

 
$
405,250

 
$
386,700

Keyboards & Combos
 
144,169

 
126,372

 
404,263

 
361,685

PC Webcams
 
33,021

 
27,280

 
90,916

 
80,370

Tablet & Other Accessories
 
35,757

 
26,648

 
104,903

 
80,650

Video Collaboration
 
74,186

 
46,252

 
190,154

 
128,008

Mobile Speakers
 
96,263

 
147,377

 
207,690

 
300,843

Audio & Wearables
 
98,629

 
84,435

 
212,343

 
197,083

Gaming
 
213,663

 
173,802

 
510,481

 
365,232

Smart Home
 
19,577

 
38,692

 
37,829

 
73,481

Other (1)
 

 
180

 
185

 
385

Total net sales
 
$
864,388

 
$
812,021

 
$
2,164,014

 
$
1,974,437


(1) Other category includes products that the Company currently intends to transition out of, or has already transitioned out of, because they are no longer strategic to the Company's business.
Net sales by geographic region (based on the customers’ locations) for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Americas
 
$
385,598

 
$
380,130

 
$
946,240

 
$
887,523

EMEA
 
269,082

 
253,767

 
648,014

 
622,681

Asia Pacific
 
209,708

 
178,124

 
569,760

 
464,233

Total net sales
 
$
864,388

 
$
812,021

 
$
2,164,014

 
$
1,974,437


 
Sales are attributed to countries on the basis of the customers’ locations.

The United States and Germany each represented more than 10% of the total consolidated net sales for each of the periods presented herein. China represented more than 10% of the total consolidated net sales for the nine months ended December 31, 2018. No other countries represented 10% or more of the Company’s total consolidated net sales for the periods presented herein.

Switzerland, the Company’s home domicile, represented 3% of the Company's total consolidated net sales for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018, and represented 1% and 2% of the Company’s total consolidated net sales for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2017, respectively.

Two customers of the Company each represented more than 10% of the total consolidated net sales for each of the periods presented herein.
 
Property, plant and equipment, net by geographic region were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
December 31, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
Americas
 
$
31,178

 
$
35,404

EMEA
 
4,694

 
4,690

Asia Pacific
 
45,705

 
46,210

Total property, plant and equipment, net
 
$
81,577

 
$
86,304


 
Property, plant and equipment, net in the United States and China were $31.2 million and $37.9 million, respectively, as of December 31, 2018, and $35.3 million and $37.9 million, respectively, as of March 31, 2018. No other countries represented 10% or more of the Company’s total consolidated property, plant and equipment, net as of December 31, 2018 or March 31, 2018. Property, plant and equipment, net in Switzerland, the Company’s home domicile, were $1.7 million and $1.9 million as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, respectively.
v3.10.0.1
Restructuring
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Restructuring and Related Activities [Abstract]  
Restructuring
Restructuring

During the first quarter of fiscal year 2019, the Company implemented a restructuring plan to streamline and realign the Company's overall organizational structure and reallocate resources to support long-term growth opportunities. In July 2018, the Company's Board of Directors approved additional costs under this restructuring plan, totaling pre-tax charges of approximately $10.0 million to $15.0 million, of which $9.8 million was recognized during the first nine months of fiscal year 2019. The total charges consisted of cash severance and other personnel costs and are presented as restructuring charges (credits), net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations, and the accrual balances are presented in accrued and other current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company expects to substantially complete this restructuring within the next six months.

The following table summarizes restructuring related activities during the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 (in thousands):
 
 
Termination
Benefits
Accrual balance at March 31, 2018
 
$

Charges
 
9,921

Cash payments
 
(2,014
)
Accrual balance at June 30, 2018
 
7,907

Charges
 
119

Cash payments
 
(1,945
)
Accrual balance at September 30, 2018
 
6,081

Credits
 
(278
)
Cash payments
 
(2,066
)
Accrual balance at December 31, 2018
 
$
3,737

v3.10.0.1
The Company and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates (Policies)
9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation
Basis of Presentation
 
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Logitech and its subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. The condensed consolidated financial statements are presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and therefore do not include all the information required by GAAP for complete financial statements. They should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018, included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on May 21, 2018. 

In the opinion of management, these condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of only normal and recurring adjustments, necessary and in all material aspects, for a fair statement of the results of operations, comprehensive income, financial position, cash flows and changes in shareholders' equity for the periods presented. Operating results for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending March 31, 2019, or any future periods.
Reclassification
Reclassification

Certain amounts from the comparative period in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the condensed consolidated financial statement presentation as of and for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018.

Use of Estimates
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions believed to be reasonable. Significant estimates and assumptions made by management involve the fair value of goodwill, intangible assets acquired from business acquisitions, warranty liabilities, accruals for customer incentives, cooperative marketing, and pricing programs ("Customer Programs") and related breakage when appropriate, accrued revenue reserve from returns, allowance for doubtful accounts, inventory valuation, contingent consideration from business acquisitions and periodical reassessment of its fair value, share-based compensation expense, uncertain tax positions, and valuation allowances for deferred tax assets. Although these estimates are based on management’s best knowledge of current events and actions that may impact the Company in the future, actual results could differ materially from these estimates.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Issued and Adopted
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Adopted

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)" ("ASU 2014-09" or “Topic 606”) which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements under Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 605 (“Topic 605”), Revenue Recognition. ASU 2014-09 outlines a new, single, comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes existing revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. Under the new guidance, recognition of revenue occurs when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard requires reporting companies to disclose the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. On April 1, 2018, the Company adopted the new standard and all related amendments using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of April 1, 2018. Results for reporting periods beginning after March 31, 2018 are presented under Topic 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with historic accounting standards under Topic 605.

As a result of the adoption of the new standard, the Company a) recorded a reduction to retained earnings as of April 1, 2018; and b) reclassified certain allowances for sales returns and certain other Customer Programs from accounts receivable, net to accrued and other current liabilities and other current assets.
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, "Financial Instruments-Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (Subtopic 825-10)" ("ASU 2016-01"). ASU 2016-01 requires entities to measure equity instruments at fair value and recognize any changes in fair value within the statement of operations. The Company adopted ASU 2016-01 effective April 1, 2018 on a prospective basis for its privately held strategic equity securities without readily determinable fair values. The Company elected the measurement alternative to record these investments at cost and to adjust for impairments and observable price changes with a same or similar security from the same issuer within the statement of operations. The adoption of ASU 2016-01 did not have a material impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements.

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, "Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory" ("ASU 2016-16"), which eliminates the deferral of income tax effects of intra-entity asset transfers until the transferred asset is sold to an unrelated party or recovered through use. However, this standard does not apply to intra-entity transfer of inventory. The Company adopted this standard effective April 1, 2018 on a modified retrospective basis, and the adoption of ASU 2016-16 did not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

In December 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, "Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash" ("ASU 2016-18"), which requires that a statement of cash flows explains the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. The Company adopted this standard effective April 1, 2018, utilizing the retrospective transition method to each period presented and the adoption of ASU 2016-18 did not have an impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements as the Company did not have any restricted cash for either period presented.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, "Business Combination (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business" ("ASU 2017-01"), which changes the definition of a business to assist with evaluating when a set of transferred assets and activities is a business. The Company adopted this standard effective April 1, 2018, and the adoption of ASU 2017-01 did not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, "Compensation-Retirement Benefit (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost" ("ASU 2017-07"), which requires that the Company disaggregate the service cost component from the other components of net benefit cost, and also provides guidance on how to present the service cost component and the other components of net benefit cost in the income statement and allow only the service cost component of net benefit cost to be eligible for capitalization. The Company adopted this standard effective April 1, 2018 using a retrospective adoption method. Other than the revised statement of operations presentation for the periods in fiscal year 2019, the adoption of ASU 2017-07 did not have an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. The impact to the comparative period was immaterial and therefore the prior period statements of operations was not revised.

In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, "Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities" ("ASU 2017-12"), which improves the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better portray the economic results of an entity’s risk management activities in its financial statements and simplifies the application of the hedge accounting guidance. The Company adopted this standard prospectively on April 1, 2018, and the adoption of ASU 2017-12 did not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements. In accordance with ASU 2017-12, the Company has started presenting the earnings impact from forward points in the cost of goods sold line item, which is used to present the earnings impact of the hedged item.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements to be Adopted

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)" ("ASU 2016-02" or "Topic 842"), which generally requires companies to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities arising from operating and financing leases with terms longer than 12 months in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company will adopt the new guidance in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020 on a modified retrospective basis, thereby recognizing the cumulative effect of initially applying Topic 842 as an adjustment to opening retained earnings on the adoption date, without revising the balances in comparative periods. The Company plans on electing the package of transitional practical expedients upon adoption which, among other provisions, allows the Company to carry forward historical lease classification, for any expired or existing leases on the adoption date. Although the Company expects to record significant amounts of right-of-use assets and liabilities on its consolidated balance sheets, the Company is still evaluating the full impact that ASU 2016-02 will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, "Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurements" ("ASU 2018-13"), which aims to improve the overall usefulness of disclosures to financial statement users and reduce unnecessary costs to companies when preparing fair value measurement disclosures. ASU 2018-13 is effective for annual and interim periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. Retrospective adoption is required, except for certain disclosures which will be required to be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2018-13 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and will adopt the standard effective April 1, 2020.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-14, "Compensation - Retirement Benefits - Defined Benefits Plans - General (Subtopic 715-20): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans" ("ASU 2018-14"), which aims to improve the overall usefulness of disclosures to financial statement users and reduce unnecessary costs to companies when preparing defined benefit plan disclosures. ASU 2018-14 is effective for annual periods in fiscal years ending after December 15, 2020. Retrospective adoption is required and early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2018-14 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and will adopt the standard effective April 1, 2020.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, "Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract" ("ASU 2018-15"), which clarifies that implementation costs incurred by customers in cloud computing arrangements are deferred if they would be capitalized by customers in software licensing arrangements under the internal-use software guidance. ASU 2018-15 is effective for annual and interim periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. Entities have the option to apply the guidance prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption or retrospectively.
Revenue Recognition
Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or service in an amount that reflects the transaction price the Company expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services.

Substantially all revenue recognized by the Company relates to the contracts with customers to sell products that allow people to connect through music, gaming, video, computing, and other digital platforms. These products are hardware devices, which may include embedded software that function together, and are considered as one performance obligation. Hardware devices are generally plug and play, requiring no configuration and little or no installation. Revenue is recognized at a point in time when control of the products is transferred to the customer which generally occurs upon shipment. The Company’s contracts with its customers generally have a one year term. The Company applies the practical expedient of not disclosing the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts with an original expected length of one year or less.

The Company also provides post-contract customer support (“PCS”) for certain products and related software, which includes unspecified software updates and upgrades, bug fixes and maintenance. The transaction price is allocated to two performance obligations in such contracts, based on a relative standalone selling price. The transaction price allocated to PCS is recognized as revenue on a straight-line basis, which reflects the pattern of delivery of PCS, over the estimated term of the support that is between one to two years. Deferred revenue associated with remaining PCS performance obligation as of December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018 was not material .

The Company normally requires payment from customers within thirty to sixty days from the invoice date. However, terms may vary by customer type, by country and by selling season. Extended payment terms are sometimes offered to a limited number of customers during the second and third fiscal quarters. The Company does not modify payment terms on existing receivables. The Company's contracts with customers do not include significant financing components as the period between the satisfaction of performance obligations and timing of payment are generally within one year.

The transaction price received by the Company from sales to its distributors, retail companies ("retailers"), and authorized resellers is calculated as selling price net of variable consideration which may include product returns, price protection, and the Company’s payments for Customer Programs related to current period product revenue. The estimated impact of these programs is recorded as a reduction of sales or as an operating expense if the Company receives a distinct good or service from the customer and can reasonably estimate the fair value of that good or service received. Certain Customer Programs require management to estimate the percentage of those programs which will not be claimed or will not be earned by customers based on historical experience and on the specific terms and conditions of particular programs. The percentage of these customer programs that will not be claimed or earned is commonly referred to as "breakage". The Company accounts for breakage as part of variable consideration, subject to constraint, and records the estimated impact in the same period when revenue is recognized at the expected value. Significant management judgments and estimates are used to determine the impact of the program and breakage in any accounting period.

The Company enters into cooperative marketing arrangements with many of its customers and with certain indirect partners, allowing customers to receive a credit equal to a set percentage of their purchases of the Company's products, or a fixed dollar amount for various marketing and incentive programs. The objective of these arrangements is to encourage advertising and promotional events to increase sales of the Company's products.

Customer incentive programs include consumer rebates and performance-based incentives. Consumer rebates are offered to the Company's customers and indirect partners at the Company's discretion for the primary benefit of end-users. In addition, the Company offers performance-based incentives to many of its customers and indirect partners based on predetermined performance criteria. At management's discretion, the Company also offers special pricing discounts to certain customers. Special pricing discounts are usually offered only for limited time periods or for sales of selected products to specific indirect partners.

Cooperative marketing arrangements and customer incentive programs are considered variable consideration, which the Company estimates and records as a reduction to revenue at the time of sale based on negotiated terms, historical experiences, forecasted incentives, anticipated volume of future purchases, and inventory levels in the channel.

The Company has agreements with certain customers that contain terms allowing price protection credits to be issued in the event of a subsequent price reduction. Management's decision to make price reductions is influenced by product life cycle stage, market acceptance of products, the competitive environment, new product introductions and other factors. Accruals for estimated expected future pricing actions are recognized at the time of sale based on analyses of historical pricing actions by customer and by product, inventories owned by and located at customers, current customer demand, current operating conditions, and other relevant customer and product information, such as stage of product life-cycle.

Product return rights vary by customer. Estimates of expected future product returns qualify as variable consideration and are recorded as a reduction of the transaction price of the contract at the time of sale based on an analyses of historical return trends by customer and by product, inventories owned by and located at customers, current customer demand, current operating conditions, and other relevant customer and product information. The Company assesses the estimated returned asset value for impairment, and adjusts the value of the asset for any impairment. Return trends are influenced by product life cycle status, new product introductions, market acceptance of products, sales levels, product sell-through, the type of customer, seasonality, product quality issues, competitive pressures, operational policies and procedures, and other factors. Return rates can fluctuate over time but are sufficiently predictable to allow the Company to estimate expected future product returns.

Typically, variable consideration does not need to be constrained as estimates are based on predictive historical data or future commitments that are planned and controlled by the Company. However, the Company continues to assess variable consideration estimates such that it is probable that a significant reversal of revenue will not occur.

The Company regularly evaluates the adequacy of its estimates for Customer Programs and product returns. Future market conditions and product transitions may require the Company to take action to change such programs and related estimates. When the variables used to estimate these costs change, or if actual costs differ significantly from the estimates, the Company would be required to increase or reduce revenue or operating expenses to reflect the impact.

Sales taxes and value-added taxes (“VAT”) collected from customers, if applicable, which are remitted to governmental authorities are not included in revenue, and are reflected as a liability on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Shipping and Handling Costs

The Company's shipping and handling costs are included in cost of goods sold in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for all periods presented.

Contract Balances

The Company records accounts receivable from contracts with customers when it has an unconditional right to consideration, as accounts receivable, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

The Company records contract liabilities when cash payments are received or due in advance of performance, primarily for implied support and subscriptions. Contract liabilities are included in accrued and other current liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

As of December 31, 2018 and for the period then ended, and as of April 1, 2018, the Company did not have any material contract liabilities balances or changes.

Contract Costs

The Company recognizes the incremental costs of obtaining contracts as an expense when incurred if the amortization period of the assets that otherwise would have been recognized is one year or less. These costs are included in marketing and selling expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Allowances for Doubtful Accounts

Allowances for doubtful accounts are maintained for estimated losses resulting from the Company's customers' inability to make payments. The allowances are based on the Company's regular assessment of the financial condition of specific customers, as well as its historical experience with bad debts and customer deductions, receivables aging, current economic trends, geographic or country-specific risks and the financial condition of its distribution channels.