CLEVELAND-CLIFFS INC., 10-Q filed on 7/24/2018
Quarterly Report
v3.10.0.1
Document and Entity Information - shares
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2018
Jul. 20, 2018
Document and Entity Information [Abstract]    
Entity Registrant Name CLEVELAND-CLIFFS INC.  
Entity Central Index Key 0000764065  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31  
Entity Filer Category Large Accelerated Filer  
Document Type 10-Q  
Document Period End Date Jun. 30, 2018  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2018  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q2  
Amendment Flag false  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   297,953,281
Trading Symbol clf  
Entity Well-known Seasoned Issuer Yes  
Entity Voluntary Filers No  
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes  
v3.10.0.1
Statements Of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Position - USD ($)
$ in Millions
Jun. 30, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
CURRENT ASSETS    
Cash and cash equivalents $ 802.5 $ 978.3
Accounts receivable, net 152.6 106.7
Inventories 256.4 138.4
Supplies and other inventories 88.6 88.8
Derivative assets 174.7 37.9
Current assets of discontinued operations 45.3 118.5
Loans to and accounts receivable from the Canadian Entities 0.0 51.6
Other current assets 26.8 24.4
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS 1,546.9 1,544.6
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET 1,081.3 1,033.8
OTHER ASSETS    
Deposits for property, plant and equipment 85.7 17.8
Income tax receivable 219.9 235.3
Non-current assets of discontinued operations 0.0 20.3
Other non-current assets 117.7 101.6
TOTAL OTHER ASSETS 423.3 375.0
TOTAL ASSETS 3,051.5 2,953.4
CURRENT LIABILITIES    
Accounts payable 119.0 99.5
Accrued expenses 85.1 79.1
Accrued interest 43.1 31.4
Contingent claims 0.0 55.6
Partnership distribution payable 44.2 44.2
Current liabilities of discontinued operations 117.3 75.0
Other current liabilities 66.2 67.4
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES 474.9 452.2
PENSION AND POSTEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT LIABILITIES 245.0 257.7
ENVIRONMENTAL AND MINE CLOSURE OBLIGATIONS 172.3 167.7
LONG-TERM DEBT 2,297.0 2,304.2
NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES OF DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS 10.3 52.2
OTHER LIABILITIES 158.3 163.5
TOTAL LIABILITIES 3,357.8 3,397.5
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (REFER TO NOTE 20)
CLIFFS SHAREHOLDERS' DEFICIT    
Common Shares - par value $0.125 per share, Authorized - 600,000,000 shares (2017 - 600,000,000 shares); Issued - 301,886,794 shares (2017 - 301,886,794 shares); Outstanding - 297,846,632 shares (2017 - 297,400,968 shares) 37.7 37.7
Capital in excess of par value of shares 3,918.2 3,933.9
Retained deficit (4,092.5) (4,207.3)
Cost of 4,040,162 common shares in treasury (2017 - 4,485,826 shares) (147.5) (169.6)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (22.2) (39.0)
TOTAL CLIFFS SHAREHOLDERS' DEFICIT (306.3) (444.3)
NONCONTROLLING INTEREST 0.0 0.2
TOTAL DEFICIT (306.3) (444.1)
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND DEFICIT $ 3,051.5 $ 2,953.4
v3.10.0.1
Statements Of Condensed Consolidated Financial Position (Parenthetical) - $ / shares
Jun. 30, 2018
Dec. 31, 2017
Class of Stock [Line Items]    
Preferred stock, par value $ 0 $ 0
Common Stock, Par or Stated Value Per Share $ 0.125 $ 0.125
Common shares, authorized (in shares) 600,000,000 600,000,000
Common shares, issued (in shares) 301,886,794 301,886,794
Common shares, outstanding 297,846,632 297,400,968
Common shares in treasury 4,040,162 4,485,826
Preferred Class A [Member]    
Class of Stock [Line Items]    
Preferred stock, shares authorized (in shares) 3,000,000 3,000,000
Preferred Class B [Member]    
Class of Stock [Line Items]    
Preferred stock, shares authorized (in shares) 4,000,000 4,000,000
v3.10.0.1
Statements Of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Operations - USD ($)
shares in Thousands, $ in Millions
3 Months Ended 6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2018
Jun. 30, 2017
Jun. 30, 2018
Jun. 30, 2017
REVENUES FROM PRODUCT SALES AND SERVICES        
Product $ 672.0 $ 417.0 $ 841.2 $ 664.3
Freight and venture partners' cost reimbursements 42.3 54.3 53.1 93.2
TOTAL REVENUES 714.3 471.3 894.3 757.5
COST OF GOODS SOLD AND OPERATING EXPENSES (429.8) (326.6) (548.3) (563.8)
SALES MARGIN 284.5 144.7 346.0 193.7
OTHER OPERATING INCOME (EXPENSE)        
Selling, general and administrative expenses (26.2) (26.6) (51.3) (51.7)
Miscellaneous - net (4.1) (2.9) (10.2) 6.6
Other operating expense (30.3) (29.5) (61.5) (45.1)
OPERATING INCOME 254.2 115.2 284.5 148.6
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)        
Interest expense, net (31.2) (30.1) (63.6) (71.5)
Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt 0.2 (4.9) 0.2 (76.8)
Other non-operating income 4.4 2.5 8.8 5.0
TOTAL OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE) (26.6) (32.5) (54.6) (143.3)
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAXES 227.6 82.7 229.9 5.3
INCOME TAX BENEFIT (EXPENSE) 1.8 1.1 (13.9) 0.0
INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS 229.4 83.8 216.0 5.3
LOSS FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS, NET OF TAX (64.3) (53.7) (135.2) (5.0)
NET INCOME 165.1 30.1 80.8 0.3
LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTEREST 0.0 1.7 0.0 3.4
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO CLIFFS SHAREHOLDERS $ 165.1 $ 31.8 $ 80.8 $ 3.7
INCOME (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO CLIFFS SHAREHOLDERS – BASIC        
Continuing operations (in dollars per share) $ 0.77 $ 0.28 $ 0.73 $ 0.03
Discontinued operations (in dollars per share) (0.22) (0.18) (0.46) (0.01)
Earnings (Loss) per Common Share Attributable to Cliffs Common Shareholders - Basic (in dollars per share) 0.55 0.10 0.27 0.02
INCOME (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO CLIFFS SHAREHOLDERS – DILUTED        
Continuing operations (in dollars per share) 0.76 0.28 0.72 0.03
Discontinued operations (in dollars per share) (0.21) (0.18) (0.45) (0.02)
Earnings (Loss) per Common Share Attributable to Cliffs Common Shareholders - Diluted (in dollars per share) $ 0.55 $ 0.10 $ 0.27 $ 0.01
AVERAGE NUMBER OF SHARES (IN THOUSANDS)        
Basic 297,618 296,100 297,442 280,617
Diluted 301,275 300,700 301,143 285,247
v3.10.0.1
Statements Of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Comprehensive Income - USD ($)
$ in Millions
3 Months Ended 6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2018
Jun. 30, 2017
Jun. 30, 2018
Jun. 30, 2017
Statement of Comprehensive Income [Abstract]        
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO CLIFFS SHAREHOLDERS $ 165.1 $ 31.8 $ 80.8 $ 3.7
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)        
Changes in pension and other post-retirement benefits, net of tax 6.7 6.7 13.4 11.4
Unrealized net gain (loss) on foreign currency translation 2.2 (1.4) 2.9 (14.1)
Unrealized net gain on derivative financial instruments, net of tax 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.0
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) 9.1 5.3 16.8 (2.7)
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS (INCOME) ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST 0.0 0.4 0.0 (4.6)
TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO CLIFFS SHAREHOLDERS $ 174.2 $ 36.7 $ 97.6 $ 5.6
v3.10.0.1
Statements Of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Cash Flows - USD ($)
$ in Millions
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2018
Jun. 30, 2017
OPERATING ACTIVITIES    
NET INCOME $ 80.8 $ 0.3
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided (used) by operating activities:    
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 49.4 44.8
Loss (gain) on extinguishment of debt (0.2) 76.8
Loss on deconsolidation 0.0 48.6
Gain on derivatives (123.5) (19.1)
Other 12.6 10.8
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:    
Receivables and other assets 61.8 68.3
Inventories (125.6) (106.6)
Payables, accrued expenses and other liabilities (4.6) (56.1)
Net cash provided (used) by operating activities (49.3) 67.8
INVESTING ACTIVITIES    
Purchase of property, plant and equipment (42.1) (44.3)
Deposits for property, plant and equipment (72.3) (5.1)
Proceeds on sales of assets 14.6 1.1
Net cash used by investing activities (99.8) (48.3)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES    
Proceeds from issuance of debt 0.0 500.0
Debt issuance costs (1.5) (8.5)
Net proceeds from issuance of common shares 0.0 661.3
Repurchase of debt (15.3) (1,154.0)
Distributions of partnership equity 0.0 (8.7)
Other financing activities (8.9) (13.9)
Net cash used by financing activities (25.7) (23.8)
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH (1.0) 2.4
DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, INCLUDING CASH CLASSIFIED WITHIN CURRENT ASSETS OF DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS (175.8) (1.9)
LESS: INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS CLASSIFIED WITHIN CURRENT ASSETS OF DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS 0.0 40.5
DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, INCLUDING CASH CLASSIFIED WITHIN CURRENT ASSETS OF DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS (175.8) (42.4)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD 978.3 312.8
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD $ 802.5 $ 270.4
v3.10.0.1
BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2018
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
NOTE 1 - BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with SEC rules and regulations and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income and cash flows for the periods presented. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Management bases its estimates on various assumptions and historical experience, which are believed to be reasonable; however, due to the inherent nature of estimates, actual results may differ significantly due to changed conditions or assumptions. The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2018 or any other future period. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.
As more fully described in NOTE 16 - DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS, on January 25, 2018, we announced that we would accelerate the time frame for the planned closure of our Asia Pacific Iron Ore mining operations in Australia. On April 6, 2018, we committed to a course of action leading to the permanent closure of the Asia Pacific Iron Ore mining operations and, as planned, completed our final shipment in June 2018. Factors considered in this decision included increasingly discounted prices for lower-iron-content ore and the quality of the remaining iron ore reserves.
During June 2018, we completed a sale of the mobile equipment to a third party and entered into a definitive agreement to sell substantially all of the remaining assets of our Asia Pacific Iron Ore business to Mineral Resources Limited. The sale to Mineral Resources Limited has not been completed as of the date of this report due to the pendency of certain closing conditions. As a result, for the period ended June 30, 2018, management determined that our Asia Pacific Iron Ore operating segment met the criteria to be classified as held for sale and a discontinued operation under ASC 205, Presentation of Financial Statements. As such, all current and historical Asia Pacific Iron Ore operating segment results are included in our financial statements and classified within discontinued operations.
We now operate in one reportable segment – U.S. Iron Ore. Unless otherwise noted, discussion of our business and results of operations in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q refers to our continuing operations.
Basis of Consolidation
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include our accounts and the accounts of our wholly-owned subsidiaries, including the following operations as of June 30, 2018:
Name
 
Location
 
Status of Operations
Northshore
 
Minnesota
 
Active
United Taconite
 
Minnesota
 
Active
Tilden
 
Michigan
 
Active
Empire
 
Michigan
 
Indefinitely Idled
Koolyanobbing1
 
Western Australia
 
Not Active
 
 
 
 
 
1 During June 2018, we completed the final planned shipment from Asia Pacific Iron Ore and commenced selling its assets. Refer to NOTE 16 - DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS.

Intercompany transactions and balances are eliminated upon consolidation.
Equity Method Investments
Our 23% ownership interest in Hibbing is recorded as an equity method investment. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, our investment in Hibbing was $8.0 million and $11.0 million, respectively, classified as Other liabilities in the Statements of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Position.
Foreign Currency
Our financial statements are prepared with the U.S. dollar as the reporting currency. The functional currency of our Australian subsidiaries is the Australian dollar. Refer to NOTE 16 - DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS for further information regarding our Australian subsidiaries. The functional currency of all other international subsidiaries is the U.S. dollar. To the extent that monetary assets and liabilities, including short-term intercompany loans, are recorded in a currency other than the functional currency, these amounts are remeasured each reporting period, with the resulting gain or loss being recorded in the Statements of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Operations. Transaction gains and losses resulting from remeasurement of short-term intercompany loans are included in Miscellaneous – net in the Statements of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Operations.
The following represents the transaction gains and losses resulting from remeasurement:
 
 
(In Millions)
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Short-term intercompany loans
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
1.5

 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
16.6

Other
 

 
(1.0
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(1.3
)
Net impact of transaction gains (losses) resulting from remeasurement
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
0.5

 
$
(0.5
)
 
$
15.3


Significant Accounting Policies
A detailed description of our significant accounting policies can be found in the audited financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC. There have been no material changes in our significant accounting policies and estimates from those disclosed therein other than those related to the adoption of Topic 606. Refer to NOTE 2 - NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS for further information.
v3.10.0.1
NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2018
New Accounting Pronouncements and Changes in Accounting Principles [Abstract]  
NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
NOTE 2 - NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
Adoption of New Accounting Standards
ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). On January 1, 2018, we adopted Topic 606 and applied it to all contracts that were not completed using the modified retrospective method. We recognized the cumulative effect of initially applying Topic 606 as an adjustment of $34.0 million to the opening balance of Retained deficit. The comparative period information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. We do not expect that the adoption of Topic 606 will have a material impact to our annual net income on an ongoing basis.
Under Topic 606, revenue will generally be recognized upon delivery to our customers, which is earlier than under the previous guidance. As an example, for certain iron ore shipments where revenue was previously recognized upon title transfer when payment was received, we will now recognize revenue when control transfers, which is generally upon delivery. While we continue to retain title until we receive payment, we determined upon review of our customer contracts that the preponderance of control indicators pass to our customers' favor when we deliver our products; thus, we generally concluded that control transfers at that point. As a result of the adoption of Topic 606 and vessel deliveries not occurring during the winter months because of the closure of the Soo Locks and the Welland Canal, our revenues and net income will be relatively lower than historical levels during the first quarter of each year and relatively higher than historical levels during the remaining three quarters in future years. However, the total amount of revenue recognized during the year should remain substantially the same as under previous accounting standards, assuming revenue rates and volumes are consistent between years.
The cumulative effect of the changes made to our consolidated January 1, 2018 balance sheet for the adoption of Topic 606 were as follows:
 
 
($ in Millions)
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
Adjustments due to Topic 606
 
Balance at January 1, 2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS
 
 
 


 


Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
978.3

 
$

 
$
978.3

Accounts receivable, net
 
106.7

 
76.6

 
183.3

Inventories
 
138.4

 
(51.4
)
 
87.0

Supplies and other inventories
 
88.8

 

 
88.8

Derivative assets
 
37.9

 
11.6

 
49.5

Current assets of discontinued operations
 
118.5

 

 
118.5

Loans to and accounts receivable from the Canadian Entities
 
51.6

 

 
51.6

Other current assets
 
24.4

 

 
24.4

TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS
 
1,544.6

 
36.8

 
1,581.4

PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET
 
1,033.8

 

 
1,033.8

OTHER ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deposits for property, plant and equipment
 
17.8

 

 
17.8

Income tax receivable
 
235.3

 

 
235.3

Long-term assets of discontinued operations
 
20.3

 

 
20.3

Other non-current assets
 
101.6

 

 
101.6

TOTAL OTHER ASSETS
 
375.0

 

 
375.0

TOTAL ASSETS
 
$
2,953.4

 
$
36.8

 
$
2,990.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
CURRENT LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
99.5

 
$
1.4

 
$
100.9

Accrued expenses
 
79.1

 

 
79.1

Accrued interest
 
31.4

 

 
31.4

Contingent claims
 
55.6

 

 
55.6

Partnership distribution payable
 
44.2

 

 
44.2

Current liabilities of discontinued operations
 
75.0

 

 
75.0

Other current liabilities
 
67.4

 
1.4

 
68.8

TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES
 
452.2

 
2.8

 
455.0

PENSION AND POSTEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT LIABILITIES
 
257.7

 

 
257.7

ENVIRONMENTAL AND MINE CLOSURE OBLIGATIONS
 
167.7

 

 
167.7

LONG-TERM DEBT
 
2,304.2

 

 
2,304.2

NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES OF DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
 
52.2

 

 
52.2

OTHER LIABILITIES
 
163.5

 

 
163.5

TOTAL LIABILITIES
 
3,397.5

 
2.8

 
3,400.3

EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
CLIFFS SHAREHOLDERS' DEFICIT
 
(444.3
)
 
34.0

 
(410.3
)
NONCONTROLLING INTEREST
 
0.2

 

 
0.2

TOTAL DEFICIT
 
(444.1
)
 
34.0

 
(410.1
)
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND DEFICIT
 
$
2,953.4

 
$
36.8

 
$
2,990.2

The impact of adoption on our Statements of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Operations and Statements of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Position is as follows:
 
($ in Millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 June 30, 2018
 
Six Months Ended
 June 30, 2018
 
As Reported
 
Balances without Adoption of Topic 606
 
Effect of Change
 
As Reported
 
Balances without Adoption of Topic 606
 
Effect of Change
REVENUES FROM PRODUCT SALES AND SERVICES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
$
672.0

 
$
568.0

 
$
104.0

 
$
841.2

 
$
795.6

 
$
45.6

Freight and venture partners' cost reimbursements
42.3

 
36.3

 
6.0

 
53.1

 
51.2

 
1.9

 
714.3

 
604.3

 
110.0

 
894.3

 
846.8

 
47.5

COST OF GOODS SOLD AND OPERATING EXPENSES
(429.8
)
 
(368.6
)
 
(61.2
)
 
(548.3
)
 
(530.7
)
 
(17.6
)
SALES MARGIN
284.5

 
235.7

 
48.8

 
346.0

 
316.1

 
29.9

OTHER OPERATING EXPENSE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
(26.2
)
 
(26.2
)
 

 
(51.3
)
 
(51.3
)
 

Miscellaneous – net
(4.1
)
 
(4.1
)
 

 
(10.2
)
 
(10.2
)
 

 
(30.3
)
 
(30.3
)
 

 
(61.5
)
 
(61.5
)
 

OPERATING INCOME
254.2

 
205.4

 
48.8

 
284.5

 
254.6

 
29.9

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
(31.2
)
 
(31.2
)
 

 
(63.6
)
 
(63.6
)
 

Gain on extinguishment of debt
0.2

 
0.2

 

 
0.2

 
0.2

 

Other non-operating income
4.4

 
4.4

 

 
8.8

 
8.8

 

 
(26.6
)
 
(26.6
)
 

 
(54.6
)
 
(54.6
)
 

INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS BEFORE INCOME TAXES
227.6

 
178.8

 
48.8

 
229.9

 
200.0

 
29.9

INCOME TAX BENEFIT (EXPENSE)
1.8

 
1.8

 

 
(13.9
)
 
(13.9
)
 

INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
229.4

 
180.6

 
48.8

 
216.0

 
186.1

 
29.9

LOSS FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS, NET OF TAX
(64.3
)
 
(64.3
)
 

 
(135.2
)
 
(135.2
)
 

NET INCOME
165.1

 
116.3

 
48.8

 
80.8

 
50.9

 
29.9

LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTEREST

 

 

 

 

 

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO CLIFFS SHAREHOLDERS
$
165.1

 
$
116.3

 
$
48.8

 
$
80.8

 
$
50.9

 
$
29.9

INCOME (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO CLIFFS SHAREHOLDERS – BASIC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.77

 
$
0.61

 
$
0.16

 
$
0.73

 
$
0.62

 
$
0.10

Discontinued operations
(0.22
)
 
(0.22
)
 

 
(0.46
)
 
(0.45
)
 

 
$
0.55

 
$
0.39

 
$
0.16

 
$
0.27

 
$
0.17

 
$
0.10

INCOME (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO CLIFFS SHAREHOLDERS – DILUTED
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.76

 
$
0.60

 
$
0.16

 
$
0.72

 
$
0.62

 
$
0.10

Discontinued operations
(0.21
)
 
(0.21
)
 

 
(0.45
)
 
(0.45
)
 

 
$
0.55

 
$
0.39

 
$
0.16

 
$
0.27

 
$
0.17

 
$
0.10

AVERAGE NUMBER OF SHARES (IN THOUSANDS)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
297,618

 
297,618

 
 
 
297,442

 
297,442

 
 
Diluted
301,275

 
301,275

 
 
 
301,143

 
301,143

 
 
 
 
($ in Millions)
 
 
June 30, 2018
 
 
As Reported
 
Balances without Adoption of Topic 606
 
Effect of Change
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 


Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
802.5

 
$
802.5

 
$

Accounts receivable, net
 
152.6

 
53.0

 
99.6

Inventories
 
256.4

 
323.9

 
(67.5
)
Supplies and other inventories
 
88.6

 
88.6

 

Derivative assets
 
174.7

 
146.2

 
28.5

Current assets of discontinued operations
 
45.3

 
45.3

 

Loans to and accounts receivable from the Canadian Entities
 

 

 

Other current assets
 
26.8

 
26.8

 

TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS
 
1,546.9

 
1,486.3

 
60.6

PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET
 
1,081.3

 
1,081.3

 

OTHER ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deposits for property, plant and equipment
 
85.7

 
85.7

 

Income tax receivable
 
219.9

 
219.9

 

Non-current assets of discontinued operations
 

 

 

Other non-current assets
 
117.7

 
117.7

 

TOTAL OTHER ASSETS
 
423.3

 
423.3

 

TOTAL ASSETS
 
$
3,051.5

 
$
2,990.9

 
$
60.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
CURRENT LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
119.0

 
$
117.8

 
$
1.2

Accrued expenses
 
85.1

 
85.1

 

Accrued interest
 
43.1

 
43.1

 

Contingent claims
 

 

 

Partnership distribution payable
 
44.2

 
44.2

 

Current liabilities of discontinued operations
 
117.3

 
117.3

 

Other current liabilities
 
66.2

 
72.1

 
(5.9
)
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES
 
474.9

 
479.6

 
(4.7
)
PENSION AND POSTEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT LIABILITIES
 
245.0

 
245.0

 

ENVIRONMENTAL AND MINE CLOSURE OBLIGATIONS
 
172.3

 
172.3

 

LONG-TERM DEBT
 
2,297.0

 
2,297.0

 

NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES OF DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
 
10.3

 
10.3

 

OTHER LIABILITIES
 
158.3

 
158.3

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES
 
3,357.8

 
3,362.5

 
(4.7
)
EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
CLIFFS SHAREHOLDERS' DEFICIT
 
(306.3
)
 
(371.6
)
 
65.3

NONCONTROLLING INTEREST
 

 

 

TOTAL DEFICIT
 
(306.3
)
 
(371.6
)
 
65.3

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND DEFICIT
 
$
3,051.5

 
$
2,990.9

 
$
60.6


The adoption of Topic 606 did not have an impact on net cash flows in our Statements of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Cash Flows.
ASU 2017-07, Retirement Benefits - Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost. On January 1, 2018, we adopted the amendments to ASC 715 regarding the presentation of net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs. We retrospectively adopted the presentation of service cost separate from the other components of net periodic costs. The interest cost, expected return on assets, amortization of prior service costs, net remeasurement, and other costs have been reclassified from Cost of goods sold and operating expenses, Selling, general and administrative expenses and Miscellaneous – net to Other non-operating income.  We elected to apply the practical expedient, which allows us to reclassify amounts disclosed previously in our pension and other postretirement benefits footnote as the basis for applying retrospective presentation for comparative periods. On a prospective basis, only service costs will be included in amounts capitalized in inventory or property, plant, and equipment.
The effect of the retrospective presentation change related to the net periodic cost of our defined benefit pension and other postretirement employee benefits plans on our Statements of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Operations was as follows:
 
($ in Millions)
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2017
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2017
 
As Revised
 
Without Adoption of ASU 2017-07
 
Effect of Change
 
As Revised
 
Without Adoption of ASU 2017-07
 
Effect of Change
Cost of goods sold and operating expenses
$
(326.6
)
 
$
(327.1
)
 
$
0.5

 
$
(563.8
)
 
$
(564.9
)
 
$
1.1

Selling, general and administrative expenses
$
(26.6
)
 
$
(24.7
)
 
$
(1.9
)
 
$
(51.7
)
 
$
(47.8
)
 
$
(3.9
)
Miscellaneous – net
$
(2.9
)
 
$
(2.6
)
 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
6.6

 
$
7.3

 
$
(0.7
)
Operating income
$
115.2

 
$
116.9

 
$
(1.7
)
 
$
148.6

 
$
152.1

 
$
(3.5
)
Other non-operating income
$
2.5

 
$
0.8

 
$
1.7

 
$
5.0

 
$
1.5

 
$
3.5

Net Income
$
30.1

 
$
30.1

 
$

 
$
0.3

 
$
0.3

 
$


Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Issued and Not Effective
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The new standard requires lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases except for short-term leases. For lessees, leases will continue to be classified as either operating or finance leases in the Statements of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Operations. We plan to adopt the standard on its effective date of January 1, 2019. The new standard may be adopted using either the modified retrospective approach, which requires application of the new guidance at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented or the optional alternative approach, which requires application of the new guidance at the beginning of the standard's effective date. We have finalized our implementation plan and have compiled an inventory of our existing leases. Based on our analysis to date, the updated standard is not expected to have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements. For example, based on the future minimum payments under non-cancellable operating leases as of June 30, 2018, we would expect to record approximately $16 million, discounted to fair value, in the Statements of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Position.
v3.10.0.1
SEGMENT REPORTING SEGMENT REPORTING
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2018
Segment Reporting [Abstract]  
Segment Reporting Disclosure [Text Block]
NOTE 3 - SEGMENT REPORTING
We operate in one reportable segment – U.S. Iron Ore. U.S. Iron Ore is a major supplier of iron ore pellets to the North American steel industry from our mines and pellet plants located in Michigan and Minnesota.
We evaluate segment performance based on sales margin, defined as revenues less cost of goods sold and operating expenses identifiable to each segment. Additionally, we evaluate performance on a segment basis, as well as a consolidated basis, based on EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. These measures allow management and investors to focus on our ability to service our debt as well as illustrate how the business and each operating segment are performing.  Additionally, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA assist management and investors in their analysis and forecasting as these measures approximate the cash flows associated with operational earnings.
The following tables present a summary of our reportable segment including a reconciliation of segment sales margin to Income from Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes and a reconciliation of Net Income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA:
 
(In Millions)
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues from product sales and services:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Iron Ore
$
714.3

 
100
%
 
$
471.3

 
100
%
 
$
894.3

 
100
%
 
$
757.5

 
100
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales margin
$
284.5

 
 
 
$
144.7

 
 
 
$
346.0

 
 
 
$
193.7

 
 
Other operating expense
(30.3
)
 
 
 
(29.5
)
 
 
 
(61.5
)
 
 
 
(45.1
)
 
 
Other expense
(26.6
)
 
 
 
(32.5
)
 
 
 
(54.6
)
 
 
 
(143.3
)
 
 
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
$
227.6

 
 
 
$
82.7

 
 
 
$
229.9

 
 
 
$
5.3

 
 
 
(In Millions)
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net Income
$
165.1

 
$
30.1

 
$
80.8

 
$
0.3

Less:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
(32.3
)
 
(31.4
)
 
(65.8
)
 
(74.2
)
Income tax benefit (expense)
1.8

 
(2.6
)
 
(13.9
)
 
(0.8
)
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
(25.5
)
 
(21.6
)
 
(49.4
)
 
(44.8
)
EBITDA
$
221.1

 
$
85.7

 
$
209.9

 
$
120.1

Less:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Impact of discontinued operations
$
(54.7
)
 
$
(45.4
)
 
$
(117.8
)
 
$
6.5

Foreign exchange remeasurement
(0.1
)
 
0.5

 
(0.5
)
 
15.3

Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt
0.2

 
(4.9
)
 
0.2

 
(76.8
)
Adjusted EBITDA
$
275.7

 
$
135.5

 
$
328.0

 
$
175.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EBITDA
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Iron Ore
$
296.0

 
$
155.0

 
$
368.5

 
$
212.9

Corporate and Other1
(74.9
)
 
(69.3
)
 
(158.6
)
 
(92.8
)
Total EBITDA
$
221.1

 
$
85.7

 
$
209.9

 
$
120.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted EBITDA:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Iron Ore
$
301.3

 
$
161.5

 
$
378.4

 
$
225.6

Corporate and Other1
(25.6
)
 
(26.0
)
 
(50.4
)
 
(50.5
)
Total Adjusted EBITDA
$
275.7

 
$
135.5

 
$
328.0

 
$
175.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1Corporate and Other includes immaterial costs related to the HBI project.
The following table summarizes our depreciation, depletion and amortization expense and capital additions:
 
(In Millions)
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Depreciation, depletion and amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Iron Ore
$
15.6

 
$
16.7

 
$
31.4

 
$
33.1

Corporate and Other
1.4

 
1.6

 
2.8

 
3.7

Total depreciation, depletion and amortization
$
17.0

 
$
18.3

 
$
34.2

 
$
36.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital additions1:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Iron Ore
$
26.7

 
$
24.6

 
$
45.4

 
$
51.7

Corporate and Other2
43.7

 

 
103.9

 

Total capital additions
$
70.4

 
$
24.6

 
$
149.3

 
$
51.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1 Includes cash paid for capital additions of $114.4 million, including deposits of $72.3 million, and an increase in non-cash accruals of $34.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 compared to cash paid for capital additions of $48.5 million, including deposits of $5.1 million, and an increase in non-cash accruals of $3.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017.
2 Includes capital additions related to our HBI project.

A summary of assets by segment is as follows:
 
(In Millions)
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Assets:
 
 
 
U.S. Iron Ore
$
1,822.8

 
$
1,500.6

Corporate and Other1
1,183.4

 
1,314.0

Assets of Discontinued Operations
45.3

 
138.8

Total assets
$
3,051.5

 
$
2,953.4

 
1Corporate and Other includes assets related to the HBI project.
v3.10.0.1
REVENUE
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2018
Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]  
Revenue from Contract with Customer [Text Block]
NOTE 4 - REVENUE
We sell a single product, iron ore pellets, in the North American market. Revenue is recognized generally when iron ore is delivered to our customers. Revenue is measured at the point that control transfers and represents the amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for transferring goods. We offer standard payment terms to our customers, generally requiring settlement within 30 days.
We enter into supply contracts of varying lengths to provide customers iron ore pellets to use in their blast furnaces. Blast furnaces run continuously with a constant feed of iron ore and once shut down, cannot easily be restarted. As a result, we ship iron ore in large quantities for storage and use by customers at a later date. Customers do not simultaneously receive and consume the benefits of the iron ore. Based on our assessment of the factors that indicate the pattern of satisfaction, we transfer control of the iron ore at a point in time upon shipment or delivery of the product. The customer is able to direct the use of, and obtain substantially all of the benefits from, the product at the time the product is delivered.
Certain of our customer supply agreements specify a provisional price, which is used for initial billing and cash collection. Revenue recorded in accordance with Topic 606 is calculated using the expected revenue rate at the point when control transfers. The final settlement includes market inputs for a specified period of time, which may vary by customer, but typically include one or more of the following: Platts 62% Price, pellet premiums, Platts international indexed freight rates and changes in specified Producer Price Indices, including industrial commodities, energy and steel. Changes in the expected revenue rate from the date control transfers through final settlement of contract terms is recorded in accordance with ASC Topic 815. Refer to NOTE 15 - DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS for further information on how our estimated and final revenue rates are determined.
A supply agreement with a customer provides for supplemental revenue or refunds based on the average annual daily market price for hot-rolled coil steel at the time the iron ore is consumed in the customer’s blast furnaces. As control transfers prior to consumption, the supplemental revenue is recorded in accordance with ASC Topic 815. Refer to NOTE 15 - DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS for further information on supplemental revenue or refunds.
Included within Revenues from product sales and services is derivative revenue related to ASC Topic 815 of $154.7 million and $198.5 million, for three and six months ended June 30, 2018, respectively.
Practical expedients and exemptions
We have elected to treat all shipping and handling costs as fulfillment costs because a significant portion of these costs are incurred prior to control transfer.
We have various long-term sales contracts with minimum purchase and supply requirement provisions that extend beyond the current reporting period. The portion of our transaction price for these contracts that is allocated entirely to wholly unsatisfied performance obligations is based on market prices that have not yet been determined and therefore is variable in nature. As such, we have not disclosed the value of unsatisfied performance obligations pursuant to the practical expedient.
Deferred Revenue
The table below summarizes our deferred revenue balances:
 
Deferred Revenue (Current)1
 
Deferred Revenue (Long-Term)
Opening balance as of January 1, 2018
$
23.8

 
$
51.4

Closing balance as of June 30, 2018
20.0

 
47.1

Decrease
$
(3.8
)
 
$
(4.3
)
 
 
 
 
1 The opening balance includes a $1.4 million adjustment from the December 31, 2017 balance due to the adoption of Topic 606.

The terms of one of our pellet supply agreements required supplemental payments to be paid by the customer during the period 2009 through 2012, with the option to defer a portion of the 2009 monthly amount in exchange for interest payments until the deferred amount was repaid in 2013. Installment amounts received under this arrangement in excess of sales were classified as Other current liabilities and Other liabilities in the Statements of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Position upon receipt of payment. Revenue is recognized over the life of the supply agreement, which extends until 2022, in equal annual installments. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, installment amounts received in excess of sales totaled $59.9 million and $64.2 million, respectively, related to this agreement. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, deferred revenue of $12.8 million was recorded in Other current liabilities and $47.1 million and $51.4 million, respectively, was recorded as long-term in Other liabilities in the Statements of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Position, related to this agreement.
Due to the payment terms and the timing of cash receipts near a period end, cash receipts can exceed shipments for certain customers. Revenue recognized on these transactions totaling $7.2 million and $9.6 million was deferred and included in Other current liabilities in the Statements of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Position as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
v3.10.0.1
INVENTORIES
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2018
Inventory Disclosure [Abstract]  
Inventories
NOTE 5 - INVENTORIES
The following table presents the detail of our Inventories in the Statements of Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Position:
 
 
(In Millions)
 
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Finished Goods
 
$
232.5

 
$
127.1

Work-in-Process
 
23.9

 
11.3

Total Inventories
 
$
256.4

 
$
138.4

v3.10.0.1
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2018
Property, Plant and Equipment [Abstract]  
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
NOTE 6 - PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
The following table indicates the value of each of the major classes of our consolidated depreciable assets:
 
(In Millions)
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Land rights and mineral rights
$
549.6

 
$
549.6

Office and information technology
65.1