WALMART INC., 10-Q filed on 6/4/2018
Quarterly Report
v3.8.0.1
Document And Entity Information - shares
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
May 31, 2018
Document And Entity Information [Abstract]    
Entity Registrant Name WALMART INC.  
Entity Central Index Key 0000104169  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --01-31  
Entity Filer Category Large Accelerated Filer  
Document Type 10-Q  
Document Period End Date Apr. 30, 2018  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2019  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q1  
Amendment Flag false  
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   2,950,844,393
Entity Well-known Seasoned Issuer Yes  
Entity Voluntary Filers No  
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes  
v3.8.0.1
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited) - USD ($)
shares in Millions, $ in Millions
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Apr. 30, 2017
Revenues:    
Net sales $ 121,630 $ 116,526
Membership and other income 1,060 1,016
Total revenues 122,690 117,542
Costs and expenses:    
Cost of sales 91,707 87,688
Operating, selling, general and administrative expenses 25,829 24,617
Operating income 5,154 5,237
Interest:    
Debt 437 506
Capital lease and financing obligations 93 92
Interest income (43) (35)
Interest, net 487 563
Unrealized (gains) and losses 1,845 0
Income before income taxes 2,822 4,674
Provision for income taxes 546 1,522
Consolidated net income 2,276 3,152
Consolidated net income attributable to noncontrolling interest (142) (113)
Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart $ 2,134 $ 3,039
Basic net income per common share:    
Basic net income per common share attributable to Walmart $ 0.72 $ 1.00
Diluted net income per common share:    
Diluted net income per common share attributable to Walmart $ 0.72 $ 1.00
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:    
Basic 2,950 3,035
Diluted 2,967 3,047
Dividends declared per common share $ 2.08 $ 2.04
v3.8.0.1
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited) - USD ($)
$ in Millions
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Apr. 30, 2017
Consolidated net income $ 2,276 $ 3,152
Consolidated net income attributable to noncontrolling interest (142) (113)
Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart 2,134 3,039
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes    
Currency translation and other 1,465 1,159
Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities 0 481
Minimum pension liability 43 5
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes 1,499 1,560
Less other comprehensive (income) loss attributable to nonredeemable noncontrolling interest (163) (282)
Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Walmart 1,336 1,278
Comprehensive income, net of income taxes 3,775 4,712
Less comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest (305) (395)
Comprehensive income attributable to Walmart 3,470 4,317
Net investment hedging    
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes    
Derivative instruments 68 (113)
Cash flow hedging    
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes    
Derivative instruments $ (77) $ 28
v3.8.0.1
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) - USD ($)
$ in Millions
Apr. 30, 2018
Jan. 31, 2018
Apr. 30, 2017
Current assets:      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 7,885 $ 6,756 $ 6,545
Receivables, net 4,568 5,614 5,252
Inventories 43,303 43,783 43,361
Prepaid expenses and other 3,486 3,511 2,178
Total current assets 59,242 59,664 57,336
Property and equipment:      
Property and equipment 187,029 185,154 181,075
Less accumulated depreciation (79,407) (77,479) (73,625)
Property and equipment, net 107,622 107,675 107,450
Property under capital lease and financing obligations:      
Property under capital lease and financing obligations 12,735 12,703 11,854
Less accumulated amortization (5,557) (5,560) (5,135)
Property under capital lease and financing obligations, net 7,178 7,143 6,719
Goodwill 18,850 18,242 17,575
Other long-term assets 12,035 11,798 10,638
Total assets 204,927 204,522 199,718
Current liabilities:      
Short-term borrowings 7,762 5,257 2,617
Accounts payable 44,612 46,092 41,367
Dividends payable 4,607 0 4,628
Accrued liabilities 20,782 22,122 19,708
Accrued income taxes 718 645 2,018
Long-term debt due within one year 1,576 3,738 3,256
Capital lease and financing obligations due within one year 700 667 599
Total current liabilities 80,757 78,521 74,193
Long-term debt 29,477 30,045 33,774
Long-term capital lease and financing obligations 6,828 6,780 6,251
Deferred income taxes and other 9,541 8,354 9,386
Commitments and contingencies
Equity:      
Common stock 294 295 302
Capital in excess of par value 2,557 2,648 2,223
Retained earnings 82,982 85,107 84,120
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (10,281) (10,181) (12,954)
Total Walmart shareholders' equity 75,552 77,869 73,691
Noncontrolling interest 2,772 2,953 2,423
Total equity 78,324 80,822 76,114
Total liabilities and equity $ 204,927 $ 204,522 $ 199,718
v3.8.0.1
Condensed Consolidated Statement Of Shareholders' Equity (Unaudited) - 3 months ended Apr. 30, 2018 - USD ($)
shares in Millions, $ in Millions
Total
Common stock
Capital in excess of par value
Retained earnings
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
Total Walmart shareholders' equity
Noncontrolling interest
Balances, in shares at Jan. 31, 2018   2,952          
Balances at Jan. 31, 2018 $ 80,822 $ 295 $ 2,648 $ 85,107 $ (10,181) $ 77,869 $ 2,953
Increase (Decrease) in Stockholders' Equity [Roll Forward]              
Adoption of new accounting standards on February 1, 2018 924     2,361 (1,436) 925 (1)
Consolidated net income 2,276     2,134   2,134 142
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes 1,499       1,336 1,336 163
Cash dividends declared (6,135)     (6,135)   (6,135)  
Purchase of Company stock (in shares)   (5)          
Purchase of Company stock (508) $ (1) (15) (492)   (508)  
Dividends declared to noncontrolling interest (489)           (489)
Other, in shares   4          
Other (65)   (76) 7   (69) 4
Balances, in shares at Apr. 30, 2018   2,951          
Balances at Apr. 30, 2018 $ 78,324 $ 294 $ 2,557 $ 82,982 $ (10,281) $ 75,552 $ 2,772
v3.8.0.1
Consolidated Statement Of Shareholders' Equity (Parenthetical) - $ / shares
3 Months Ended 12 Months Ended
Feb. 20, 2018
Apr. 30, 2018
Apr. 30, 2017
Jan. 31, 2018
Statement of Stockholders' Equity [Abstract]        
Dividends declared per common share $ 2.08 $ 2.08 $ 2.04 $ 2.04
v3.8.0.1
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) - USD ($)
$ in Millions
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Apr. 30, 2017
Cash flows from operating activities:    
Consolidated net income $ 2,276 $ 3,152
Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income to net cash provided by operating activities:    
Depreciation and amortization 2,678 2,551
Deferred income taxes (50) 2
Unrealized (gains) and losses 1,845 0
Other operating activities 265 (170)
Changes in certain assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:    
Receivables, net 1,134 726
Inventories 547 66
Accounts payable (1,770) (155)
Accrued liabilities (1,813) (1,838)
Accrued income taxes 49 1,051
Net cash provided by operating activities 5,161 5,385
Cash flows from investing activities:    
Payments for property and equipment (1,818) (1,990)
Proceeds from the disposal of property and equipment 198 196
Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired 0 (88)
Other investing activities (62) 21
Net cash used in investing activities (1,682) (1,861)
Cash flows from financing activities:    
Net change in short-term borrowings 2,501 1,482
Repayments of long-term debt (2,521) (1,513)
Dividends paid (1,533) (1,549)
Purchase of Company stock (539) (2,185)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interest (66) (54)
Purchase of noncontrolling interest 0 (8)
Other financing activities (328) (145)
Net cash used in financing activities (2,486) (3,972)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents 143 139
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash 1,136 (309)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of year 7,014 7,144
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period $ 8,150 $ 6,835
v3.8.0.1
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Basis of presentation
Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of Walmart Inc. and its subsidiaries ("Walmart" or the "Company") and the accompanying notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are unaudited. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for the fair presentation of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been included. Such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, and the accompanying notes, are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP") and do not contain certain information included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2018 ("fiscal 2018"). Therefore, the interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with that Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are based on a fiscal year ending January 31 for the United States ("U.S.") and Canadian operations. The Company consolidates all other operations generally using a one-month lag and based on a calendar year. There were no intervening events during the month of April related to the operations consolidated using a lag that materially affected the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
The Company's business is seasonal to a certain extent due to calendar events and national and religious holidays, as well as weather patterns. Historically, the Company's highest sales volume and operating income have occurred in the fiscal quarter ending January 31.
Inventories
At April 30, 2018 and January 31, 2018, the Company's inventories valued at LIFO approximated those inventories as if they were valued at FIFO.
Fair Value Measurement
In January 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-01, Financial Instruments–Overall (Topic 825), which updates certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial instruments ("ASU 2016-01"). The Company adopted this ASU on February 1, 2018, which primarily impacts the Company's accounting for its investment in JD.com ("JD") and resulted in a positive adjustment to retained earnings of approximately $2.6 billion, net of tax, based on the market value of the Company's investment in JD at January 31, 2018. The adoption requires changes in fair value of the Company's investment in JD to be recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income.
The Company records and discloses certain financial and non-financial assets and liabilities at fair value. The fair value of an asset is the price at which the asset could be sold in an orderly transaction between unrelated, knowledgeable and willing parties able to engage in the transaction. The fair value of a liability is the amount that would be paid to transfer the liability to a new obligor in a transaction between such parties, not the amount that would be paid to settle the liability with the creditor. Refer to Note 5 for additional fair value disclosures.
Revenue Recognition
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). This ASU is a comprehensive new revenue recognition model that requires a company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to a customer at an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The Company adopted the ASU on February 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective approach and applied the ASU only to contracts not completed as of February 1, 2018. Updated accounting policies and other disclosures are below. Note 11 provides the related disaggregated revenue disclosures. The impact of adopting the ASU was not material to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Sales
The Company recognizes sales revenue, net of sales taxes and estimated sales returns, at the time it sells merchandise to the customer. eCommerce sales include shipping revenue and are recorded upon delivery to the customer. Additionally, estimated sales returns are calculated based on expected returns.
Membership Fee Revenue
The Company recognizes membership fee revenue both in the U.S. and internationally over the term of the membership, which is typically 12 months. Membership fee revenue is included in membership and other income in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. The deferred membership fee is included in accrued liabilities in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Gift cards
Customer purchases of gift cards, to be utilized at the Company's stores or eCommerce websites, are not recognized as sales until the card is redeemed and the customer purchases merchandise using the gift card. Gift cards in the U.S. and some countries do not carry an expiration date; therefore, customers and members can redeem their gift cards for merchandise indefinitely. Gift cards in some foreign countries where the Company does business have expiration dates. While gift cards are generally redeemed within 12 months, a certain number of gift cards, both with and without expiration dates, will not be fully redeemed. Management estimates unredeemed gift cards and recognizes revenue for these amounts in membership and other income in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income over the expected redemption period. Management periodically reviews and updates its estimates.
Financial and Other Services
The Company recognizes revenue from service transactions at the time the service is performed. Generally, revenue from services is classified as a component of net sales in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
Contract Balances
Contract balances as a result of transactions with customers primarily consist of receivables included in receivables, net, and deferred gift card revenue included in accrued liabilities in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The following table provides the Company's receivables and deferred gift card revenue from transactions with customers:
(Amounts in millions)
 
As of April 30, 2018
Assets:
 
 
Receivables from transactions with customers, net
 
$
2,025

Liabilities:
 
 
Deferred gift card revenue
 
$
2,014


The Company did not record any significant impairment charges to receivables from transactions with customers during the three months ended April 30, 2018. An immaterial amount of the February 1, 2018, deferred gift card revenue liability was recognized into revenue during the three months ended April 30, 2018.
Income taxes
In December 2017, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("SAB 118"), in response to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 ("Tax Act"). The Company recorded a provisional benefit, as allowed by SAB 118, of $207 million during fiscal 2018 and an additional provisional benefit of $142 million during the three months ended April 30, 2018. Management is still evaluating the Tax Act, but expects to complete the analysis within the allowable measurement period of one year from the enactment date.
In February 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update ASU 2018-02, Income Statement–Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income ("ASU 2018-02"). The ASU provides that the stranded tax effects from the Tax Act in accumulated other comprehensive loss may be reclassified to retained earnings. The Company adopted this ASU on February 1, 2018, which resulted in an immaterial negative adjustment to retained earnings.
Restricted cash
In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows–Restricted Cash (Topic 230), which requires restricted cash to be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning and ending amounts on the statement of cash flows. The Company adopted this ASU on February 1, 2018. Restricted cash held outside of cash and cash equivalents is primarily recorded in other-long term assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and was approximately $0.3 billion as of April 30, 2018, January 31, 2018 and April 30, 2017.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires lease assets and liabilities to be recorded on the balance sheet. Certain qualitative and quantitative disclosures are also required, as well as retrospective recognition and measurement of impacted leases. The Company will adopt this ASU on February 1, 2019 and is implementing new lease systems in connection with the adoption. Management is progressing with implementation and continuing to evaluate the effect to the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and disclosures. Management expects a material impact to the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments–Credit Losses (Topic 326), which modifies the measurement of expected credit losses of certain financial instruments. The Company will adopt this ASU on February 1, 2020. Management is currently evaluating this ASU to determine its impact to the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and disclosures.
v3.8.0.1
Net Income Per Common Share
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Earnings Per Share [Abstract]  
Net income per common share
Net Income Per Common Share
Basic net income per common share attributable to Walmart is based on the weighted-average common shares outstanding during the relevant period. Diluted net income per common share attributable to Walmart is based on the weighted-average common shares outstanding during the relevant period adjusted for the dilutive effect of share-based awards. The Company did not have significant share-based awards outstanding that were anti-dilutive and not included in the calculation of diluted net income per common share attributable to Walmart for the three months ended April 30, 2018 and 2017. The following table provides a reconciliation of the numerators and denominators used to determine basic and diluted net income per common share attributable to Walmart:
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
(Amounts in millions, except per share data)
 
2018
 
2017
Numerator
 
 
 
 
Consolidated net income
 
$
2,276

 
$
3,152

Consolidated net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
(142
)
 
(113
)
Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart
 
$
2,134

 
$
3,039

 
 
 
 
 
Denominator
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding, basic
 
2,950

 
3,035

Dilutive impact of stock options and other share-based awards
 
17

 
12

Weighted-average common shares outstanding, diluted
 
2,967

 
3,047


 
 
 
 
Net income per common share attributable to Walmart
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.72

 
$
1.00

Diluted
 
0.72

 
1.00

v3.8.0.1
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Tax [Abstract]  
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The following table provides the changes in the composition of total accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three months ended April 30, 2018:
(Amounts in millions and net of income taxes)
 
Currency 
Translation and Other
 
Unrealized Gain on Available-for-Sale Securities
 
Net Investment Hedges
 
Cash Flow Hedges
 
Minimum
Pension 
Liability
 
Total
Balances as of February 1, 2018
 
$
(12,136
)
 
$
1,646

 
$
1,030

 
$
122

 
$
(843
)
 
$
(10,181
)
Adoption of new accounting standards on February 1, 2018(1) (2)
 
89

 
(1,646
)
 
93

 
28

 

 
(1,436
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications, net(1)
 
1,302

 

 
68

 
(86
)
 
32

 
1,316

Reclassifications to income, net(1)
 

 

 

 
9

 
11

 
20

Balances as of April 30, 2018
 
$
(10,745
)
 
$

 
$
1,191

 
$
73

 
$
(800
)
 
$
(10,281
)
(1) Income tax impact is immaterial
(2) Primarily relates to the adoption of ASU 2016-01 and ASU 2018-02
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss to net income for derivative instruments are recorded in interest, net, in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income, and amounts reclassified for the minimum pension liability are recorded in unrealized gains and losses in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
v3.8.0.1
Long-term Debt
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Long-term Debt, by Current and Noncurrent [Abstract]  
Long-term debt
Long-term Debt
The following table provides the changes in the Company's long-term debt for the three months ended April 30, 2018:
(Amounts in millions)
 
Long-term debt due within one year
 
Long-term debt
 
Total
Balances as of February 1, 2018
 
$
3,738

 
$
30,045

 
$
33,783

Repayments of long-term debt
 
(2,521
)
 

 
(2,521
)
Reclassifications of long-term debt
 
364

 
(364
)
 

Other
 
(5
)
 
(204
)
 
(209
)
Balances as of April 30, 2018
 
$
1,576

 
$
29,477

 
$
31,053


Maturities
The following table provides details of debt repayments during the three months ended April 30, 2018:
(Amounts in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maturity Date
 
Principal Amount
 
Fixed vs. Floating
 
Interest Rate
 
Repayment
February 15, 2018
 
500 USD
 
Fixed
 
5.800%
 
$
500

February 15, 2018
 
750 USD
 
Fixed
 
5.800%
 
750

April 11, 2018
 
1,250 USD
 
Fixed
 
1.125%
 
1,250

Various
 
21 USD
 
Various
 
Various
 
21

Total repayment of matured debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
2,521

v3.8.0.1
Fair Value Measurements
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
Fair value measurements
Fair Value Measurements
Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value are measured using the fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. The levels of the fair value hierarchy are:
Level 1: observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;
Level 2: inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and
Level 3: unobservable inputs for which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring the Company to develop its own assumptions.
The Company has equity investments, primarily its investment in JD, measured at fair value on a recurring basis included in other long-term assets in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. Beginning in fiscal 2019 due to the adoption of the new financial instrument standard, changes in fair value are recorded in unrealized gains and losses on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. Additional detail about the Company's two portions of the investment in JD are as follows:
The purchased portion of the investment in JD is measured using Level 1 inputs, which prior to fiscal 2019 was classified as available-for-sale with changes in fair value recognized through other comprehensive income; and
The portion of the investment in JD received in exchange for selling certain assets related to Yihaodian, the Company's former eCommerce operations in China, is measured using Level 2 inputs. Fair value is determined primarily using quoted prices in active markets for similar assets. Prior to fiscal 2019, the investment was carried at cost.
The investment in JD cost basis, fair value at April 30, 2018 and February 1, 2018, and carrying value at January 31, 2018, are as follows:
(Amounts in millions)
 
Cost Basis
 
Carrying Value as of January 31, 2018
 
Fair Value as of February 1, 2018
 
 
Fair Value as of April 30, 2018
 
Investment in JD measured using Level 1 inputs
 
$
1,901

 
$
3,547

 
$
3,547

(1) 
 
$
2,631

 
Investment in JD measured using Level 2 inputs
 
1,490

 
1,490

 
3,559

(2) 
 
2,637

 
Total
 
$
3,391

 
$
5,037

 
$
7,106

 
 
$
5,268

(3) 
(1) Fair value was already recognized on the balance sheet. Upon adoption of the new financial instrument standard on February 1, 2018, the excess of fair value over cost was reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss to retained earnings.
(2) Upon adoption of the new financial instrument standard on February 1, 2018, the excess of fair value over cost was recognized by increasing the carrying value of the asset and retained earnings.
(3) The decrease in fair value from February 1, 2018 to April 30, 2018 of $1.8 billion was recognized in net income and included in unrealized gains and losses on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
The Company also holds derivative instruments. Derivative fair values are the estimated amounts the Company would receive or pay upon termination of the related derivative agreements as of the reporting dates. The fair values have been measured using the income approach and Level 2 inputs, which include the relevant interest rate and foreign currency forward curves. As of April 30, 2018 and January 31, 2018, the notional amounts and fair values of these derivatives were as follows:
 
April 30, 2018
 
January 31, 2018
(Amounts in millions)
Notional Amount
 
Fair Value
 
Notional Amount
 
Fair Value
Receive fixed-rate, pay variable-rate interest rate swaps designated as fair value hedges
$
4,000

 
$
(145
)
 
$
4,000

 
$
(91
)
Receive fixed-rate, pay fixed-rate cross-currency swaps designated as net investment hedges
2,250

 
217

 
2,250

 
208

Receive fixed-rate, pay fixed-rate cross-currency swaps designated as cash flow hedges
4,395

 
131

 
4,523

 
205

Total
$
10,645

 
$
203

 
$
10,773

 
$
322


Nonrecurring Fair Value Measurements
In addition to assets and liabilities that are recorded at fair value on a recurring basis, the Company's assets and liabilities are also subject to nonrecurring fair value measurements. Generally, assets are recorded at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as a result of impairment charges. The Company did not record any significant impairment charges to assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis during the three months ended April 30, 2018. For the fiscal year ended January 31, 2018, the Company recorded impairment charges related to assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis of approximately $1.4 billion primarily related to restructuring charges for the Sam's Club closures and the wind-down of the Brazil first-party eCommerce business, as well as discontinued real estate projects in the U.S. and decisions to exit certain international properties.
Other Fair Value Disclosures
The Company records cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, and short-term borrowings at cost. The carrying values of these instruments approximate their fair value due to their short-term maturities.
The Company's long-term debt is also recorded at cost. The fair value is estimated using Level 2 inputs based on the Company's current incremental borrowing rate for similar types of borrowing arrangements. The carrying value and fair value of the Company's long-term debt as of April 30, 2018 and January 31, 2018, are as follows: 
 
 
April 30, 2018
 
January 31, 2018
(Amounts in millions)
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
Long-term debt, including amounts due within one year
 
$
31,053

 
$
34,770

 
$
33,783

 
$
38,766

v3.8.0.1
Derivative Financial Instruments
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Summary of Derivative Instruments [Abstract]  
Derivative financial instruments
Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company uses derivative financial instruments for hedging and non-trading purposes to manage its exposure to changes in interest and currency exchange rates, as well as to maintain an appropriate mix of fixed- and variable-rate debt. Use of derivative financial instruments in hedging programs subjects the Company to certain risks, such as market and credit risks. Market risk represents the possibility that the value of the derivative financial instrument will change. In a hedging relationship, the change in the value of the derivative financial instrument is offset to a great extent by the change in the value of the underlying hedged item. Credit risk related to a derivative financial instrument represents the possibility that the counterparty will not fulfill the terms of the contract. The notional, or contractual, amount of the Company's derivative financial instruments is used to measure interest to be paid or received and does not represent the Company's exposure due to credit risk. Credit risk is monitored through established approval procedures, including setting concentration limits by counterparty, reviewing credit ratings and requiring collateral (generally cash) from the counterparty when appropriate.
The Company only enters into derivative transactions with counterparties rated "A-" or better by nationally recognized credit rating agencies. Subsequent to entering into derivative transactions, the Company regularly monitors the credit ratings of its counterparties. In connection with various derivative agreements, including master netting arrangements, the Company held cash collateral from counterparties of $256 million and $279 million at April 30, 2018 and January 31, 2018, respectively. The Company records cash collateral received as amounts due to the counterparties exclusive of any derivative asset. Furthermore, as part of the master netting arrangements with each of these counterparties, the Company is also required to post collateral with a counterparty if the Company's net derivative liability position exceeds $150 million with such counterparties. The Company did not have any cash collateral posted with counterparties at April 30, 2018 or January 31, 2018. The Company records cash collateral it posts with counterparties as amounts receivable from those counterparties exclusive of any derivative liability.
The contractual terms of the Company's hedged instruments closely mirror those of the hedged items, providing a high degree of risk reduction and correlation. Contracts that are effective at meeting the risk reduction and correlation criteria are recorded using hedge accounting. If a derivative financial instrument is recorded using hedge accounting, depending on the nature of the hedge, changes in the fair value of the instrument will either be offset against the change in fair value of the hedged assets, liabilities or firm commitments through earnings or be recognized in accumulated other comprehensive loss until the hedged item is recognized in earnings. Any hedge ineffectiveness is immediately recognized in earnings. The Company's net investment and cash flow instruments are highly effective hedges and the ineffective portion has not been, and is not expected to be, significant. Instruments that do not meet the criteria for hedge accounting, or contracts for which the Company has not elected hedge accounting, are recorded at fair value with unrealized gains or losses reported in earnings during the period of the change.
Fair Value Instruments
The Company is a party to receive fixed-rate, pay variable-rate interest rate swaps that the Company uses to hedge the fair value of fixed-rate debt. The notional amounts are used to measure interest to be paid or received and do not represent the Company's exposure due to credit loss. The Company's interest rate swaps that receive fixed-interest rate payments and pay variable-interest rate payments are designated as fair value hedges. As the specific terms and notional amounts of the derivative instruments match those of the fixed-rate debt being hedged, the derivative instruments are assumed to be perfectly effective hedges. Changes in the fair values of these derivative instruments are recorded in earnings, but are offset by corresponding changes in the fair values of the hedged items, also recorded in earnings, and, accordingly, do not impact the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. These fair value instruments will mature on dates ranging from October 2020 to April 2024.
Net Investment Instruments
The Company is a party to cross-currency interest rate swaps that the Company uses to hedge its net investments. The agreements are contracts to exchange fixed-rate payments in one currency for fixed-rate payments in another currency. All changes in the fair value of these instruments are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss, offsetting the currency translation adjustment of the related investment that is also recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss. These instruments will mature on dates ranging from July 2020 to February 2030.
The Company has issued foreign-currency-denominated long-term debt as hedges of net investments of certain of its foreign operations. These foreign-currency-denominated long-term debt issuances are designated and qualify as nonderivative hedging instruments. Accordingly, the foreign currency translation of these debt instruments is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss, offsetting the foreign currency translation adjustment of the related net investments that is also recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss. At April 30, 2018 and January 31, 2018, the Company had ¥180 billion of outstanding long-term debt designated as a hedge of its net investment in Japan, as well as outstanding long-term debt of £1.7 billion at April 30, 2018 and January 31, 2018, that was designated as a hedge of its net investment in the United Kingdom. These nonderivative net investment hedges will mature on dates ranging from July 2020 to January 2039.
Cash Flow Instruments
The Company is a party to receive fixed-rate, pay fixed-rate cross-currency interest rate swaps to hedge the currency exposure associated with the forecasted payments of principal and interest of certain non-U.S. denominated debt. The swaps are designated as cash flow hedges of the currency risk related to payments on the non-U.S. denominated debt. The effective portion of changes in the fair value of derivatives designated as cash flow hedges of foreign exchange risk is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss and is subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period that the hedged forecasted transaction affects earnings. The hedged items are recognized foreign currency-denominated liabilities that are re-measured at spot exchange rates each period, and the assessment of effectiveness (and measurement of any ineffectiveness) is based on total changes in the related derivative's cash flows. As a result, the amount reclassified into earnings each period includes an amount that offsets the related transaction gain or loss arising from that re-measurement and the adjustment to earnings for the period's allocable portion of the initial spot-forward difference associated with the hedging instrument. These cash flow instruments will mature on dates ranging from April 2022 to March 2034.
Financial Statement Presentation
Although subject to master netting arrangements, the Company does not offset derivative assets and derivative liabilities in its Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Derivative instruments with an unrealized gain are recorded in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as either current or non-current assets, based on maturity date, and those hedging instruments with an unrealized loss are recorded as either current or non-current liabilities, based on maturity date. Refer to Note 5 for the net presentation of the Company's derivative instruments.
The Company's derivative instruments, as well as its nonderivative debt instruments designated and qualifying as net investment hedges, were classified as follows in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
 
April 30, 2018
 
January 31, 2018
(Amounts in millions)
Fair Value
Instruments
 
Net Investment
Instruments
 
Cash Flow
Instruments
 
Fair Value
Instruments
 
Net Investment
Instruments
 
Cash Flow
Instruments
Derivative instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other long-term assets
$

 
$
217

 
$
252

 
$

 
$
208

 
$
300

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred income taxes and other
145

 

 
121

 
91

 

 
95

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nonderivative hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt

 
3,975

 

 

 
4,041

 


Gains and losses related to the Company's derivatives primarily relate to interest rate hedges, which are recorded in interest, net, in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. Amounts related to the Company's derivatives expected to be reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss to net income during the next 12 months are not significant.
v3.8.0.1
Share Repurchases
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Class of Stock Disclosures [Abstract]  
Share repurchases
Share Repurchases
From time to time, the Company repurchases shares of its common stock under share repurchase programs authorized by the Company's Board of Directors. All repurchases made during the three months ended April 30, 2018 were made under the plan in effect at the beginning of the fiscal year. The current $20.0 billion share repurchase program approved in October 2017 has no expiration date or other restrictions limiting the period over which the Company can make share repurchases. As of April 30, 2018, authorization for $18.3 billion of share repurchases remained under the current share repurchase program. Any repurchased shares are constructively retired and returned to an unissued status.
The Company considers several factors in determining when to execute share repurchases, including, among other things, current cash needs, capacity for leverage, cost of borrowings and the market price of its common stock. The following table provides, on a settlement date basis, the number of shares repurchased, average price paid per share and total amount paid for share repurchases for the three months ended April 30, 2018 and 2017:
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
(Amounts in millions, except per share data)
 
2018
 
2017
Total number of shares repurchased
 
5.5

 
31.1

Average price paid per share
 
$
97.75

 
$
70.25

Total amount paid for share repurchases
 
$
539

 
$
2,185

v3.8.0.1
Common Stock Dividends
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Dividends, Common Stock [Abstract]  
Dividends payable
Common Stock Dividends
Dividends Declared
On February 20, 2018, the Board of Directors approved the fiscal year ending January 31, 2019 ("fiscal 2019") annual dividend of $2.08 per share, an increase over the fiscal 2018 annual dividend of $2.04 per share. For fiscal 2019, the annual dividend will be paid in four quarterly installments of $0.52 per share, according to the following record and payable dates:
Record Date
  
Payable Date
March 9, 2018
  
April 2, 2018
May 11, 2018
  
June 4, 2018
August 10, 2018
  
September 4, 2018
December 7, 2018
  
January 2, 2019

The dividend installments payable on April 2, 2018 and June 4, 2018 were paid as scheduled.
v3.8.0.1
Contingencies
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  
Contingencies
Contingencies
Legal Proceedings
The Company is involved in a number of legal proceedings. The Company has made accruals with respect to these matters, where appropriate, which are reflected in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. For some matters, a liability is not probable or the amount cannot be reasonably estimated and therefore an accrual has not been made. However, where a liability is reasonably possible and may be material, such matters have been disclosed. The Company may enter into discussions regarding settlement of these matters, and may enter into settlement agreements, if it believes settlement is in the best interest of the Company and its shareholders.
Unless stated otherwise, the matters discussed below, if decided adversely to or settled by the Company, individually or in the aggregate, may result in a liability material to the Company's financial condition or results of operations.
ASDA Equal Value Claims
ASDA Stores Ltd. ("Asda"), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, is a defendant in over 10,000 equal value ("Equal Value") claims that begun in 2008 and are proceeding before an Employment Tribunal in Manchester (the "Employment Tribunal") in the United Kingdom ("UK") on behalf of current and former Asda store employees, and further claims may be asserted in the future. The claimants allege that the work performed by female employees in Asda's retail stores is of equal value in terms of, among other things, the demands of their jobs compared to that of male employees working in Asda's warehouse and distribution facilities, and that the disparity in pay between these different job positions is not objectively justified. As a result, claimants are requesting differential back pay based on higher wage rates in the warehouse and distribution facilities and higher wage rates on a prospective basis.
On March 23, 2015, Asda asked the Employment Tribunal to stay all proceedings and to "strike out" substantially all of the claims because the claimants had not adhered to the Tribunal's procedural rule for including multiple claimants on the same claim form. On July 23, 2015, the Employment Tribunal denied Asda's requests. Following additional proceedings, on June 20, 2017, the Employment Appeal Tribunal ruled in favor of Asda on the "strike out" issue and remitted the matter to the Employment Tribunal to determine whether the improperly filed claims should be struck out. On July 12, 2017, claimants sought permission from the Court of Appeals to appeal this ruling, which was granted on October 3, 2017. A hearing before the Court of Appeals is scheduled for October 23, 2018.
As to the initial phase of the Equal Value claims, on October 14, 2016, following a preliminary hearing, the Employment Tribunal ruled that claimants could compare their positions in Asda's retail stores with those of employees in Asda's warehouse and distribution facilities. On August 31, 2017, the Employment Appeal Tribunal affirmed the Employment Tribunal's ruling. The Employment Appeal Tribunal also granted permission for Asda to appeal substantially all of its findings on August 31, 2017. Asda sought permission to appeal the remainder of the Employment Appeal Tribunal's findings to the Court of Appeals on September 21, 2017. A hearing before the Court of Appeals is scheduled for October 10, 2018.
Claimants are now proceeding in the next phase of their claims. That phase will determine whether the work performed by the claimants is of equal value to the work performed by employees in Asda's warehouse and distribution facilities.
At present, the Company cannot predict the number of such claims that may be filed, and cannot reasonably estimate any loss or range of loss that may arise from these proceedings. The Company believes it has substantial factual and legal defenses to these claims, and intends to defend the claims vigorously.
National Prescription Opiate Litigation and Related Matters
In December 2017, the United States Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation ordered numerous lawsuits filed against a wide array of defendants by various plaintiffs be consolidated, including counties, cities, healthcare providers, Native American tribes, and third-party payors, asserting claims generally concerning the impacts of widespread opioid abuse. The consolidated multidistrict litigation is entitled In re National Prescription Opiate Litigation (MDL No. 2804), and is pending in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio. The Company is named as a defendant in some of the cases included in this multidistrict litigation. Similar cases that name the Company have been filed in state courts by various counties and municipalities; by health care providers; and by various Native American Tribes. The relief sought by various plaintiffs is compensatory and punitive damages, as well as injunctive relief including abatement. The Company cannot predict the number of such claims that may be filed, and cannot reasonably estimate any loss or range of loss that may arise from such claims. The Company believes it has substantial factual and legal defenses to these claims, and intends to defend the claims vigorously. The Company has also been responding to subpoenas, information requests and investigations from governmental entities related to nationwide controlled substance dispensing practices involving the sale of opioids. The Company can provide no assurance as to the scope and outcome of these matters and no assurance as to whether its business, financial condition or results of operations will not be materially adversely affected.
FCPA Investigation and Related Matters
The Audit Committee (the "Audit Committee") of the Board of Directors of the Company has been conducting an internal investigation into, among other things, alleged violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act ("FCPA") and other alleged crimes or misconduct in connection with foreign subsidiaries, including Wal-Mart de México, S.A.B. de C.V. ("Walmex"), and whether prior allegations of such violations and/or misconduct were appropriately handled by the Company. The Audit Committee and the Company have engaged outside counsel from a number of law firms and other advisors who are assisting in the on-going investigation of these matters.
The Company has also been conducting a voluntary global review of its policies, practices and internal controls for anti-corruption compliance. The Company is engaged in strengthening its global anti-corruption compliance program through appropriate remedial anti-corruption measures.  In November 2011, the Company voluntarily disclosed that investigative activity to the U.S. Department of Justice (the "DOJ") and the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). Since the implementation of the global review and the enhanced anti-corruption compliance program, the Audit Committee and the Company have identified or been made aware of additional allegations regarding potential violations of the FCPA. When such allegations have been reported or identified, the Audit Committee and the Company, together with their third party advisors, have conducted inquiries and when warranted based on those inquiries, opened investigations. Inquiries or investigations regarding allegations of potential FCPA violations were commenced in a number of foreign markets where the Company operates, including, but not limited to, Brazil, China and India.
As previously disclosed, the Company is under investigation by the DOJ and the SEC regarding possible violations of the FCPA. The Company has been cooperating with the agencies and discussions have been ongoing regarding the resolution of these matters. These discussions have progressed to a point that, in fiscal 2018, the Company reasonably estimated a probable loss and has recorded an aggregate accrual of $283 million with respect to these matters (the "Accrual"). As the discussions are continuing, there can be no assurance as to the timing or the terms of the final resolution of these matters.
A number of federal and local government agencies in Mexico have also initiated investigations of these matters. Walmex is cooperating with the Mexican governmental agencies conducting these investigations. Furthermore, lawsuits relating to the matters under investigation have been filed by several of the Company's shareholders against it, certain of its current directors, and certain of its former directors, certain of its former officers and certain of Walmex's former officers.
The Company could be exposed to a variety of negative consequences as a result of the matters noted above. There could be one or more enforcement actions in respect of the matters that are the subject of some or all of the on-going government investigations, and such actions, if brought, may result in judgments, settlements, fines, penalties, injunctions, cease and desist orders, debarment or other relief, criminal convictions and/or penalties and the shareholder lawsuits referenced above may result in judgments against the Company and its current and former directors and officers named in those proceedings. The Company expects that there will be on-going media and governmental interest, including additional news articles from media publications on these matters, which could impact the perception among certain audiences of the Company's role as a corporate citizen.
In addition, the Company has incurred and expects to continue to incur costs in responding to requests for information or subpoenas seeking documents, testimony and other information in connection with the government investigations, in defending the shareholder lawsuits, and in conducting the review and investigations. These costs will be expensed as incurred. For the three months ended April 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred the following third-party expenses in connection with the FCPA investigation and related matters:
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
(Amounts in millions)
 
2018
 
2017
Ongoing inquiries and investigations
 
$
4

 
$
13

Global compliance program and organizational enhancements
 
3

 
3

Total
 
$
7

 
$
16


The Company does not presently believe that these matters, including the Accrual (and the payment of the Accrual at some point-in-time in the future), will have a material adverse effect on its business, although given the inherent uncertainties in such situations, the Company can provide no assurance that these matters will not be material to its business in the future.
v3.8.0.1
Acquisitions, Disposals and Related Items
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Business Combinations [Abstract]  
Acquisitions, disposals and related items
Acquisitions, Disposals and Subsequent Events
The following significant transactions impact, or are expected to impact, the operations of the Company's Walmart International segment. Other immaterial transactions have also occurred or been announced.
Asda
In April 2018, the Company entered into a definitive agreement and announced the combination of J Sainsbury plc and Asda Group Limited ("Asda Group"), the Company's wholly owned UK retail subsidiary. Under the terms of the combination, the Company would receive approximately 42 percent of the share capital of the combined business. In addition, the Company would receive approximately £3 billion in cash, subject to customary closing adjustments, and retain obligations under the Asda Group defined benefit pension plan. Due to a complex regulatory review process, the outcome of which is uncertain and may take some time to complete, the held for sale classification criteria for the disposal group has not been met as of April 30, 2018. Upon the transaction closing, the Company would deconsolidate the financial statements of the Asda Group and the ongoing investment in the combined company would be accounted for as an equity method investment.
Suburbia
In April 2017, the Company sold Suburbia, the apparel retail division in Mexico, for $1.0 billion.  As part of the sales agreement, the Company is also leasing certain real estate to the purchaser. The sale resulted in a pre-tax gain of $0.7 billion, of which $0.4 billion was recognized in the second quarter of fiscal 2018 in membership and other income, and the remainder was deferred and is being recognized over the lease terms of approximately 20 years.
Subsequent Events
In May 2018, the Company announced it will pay approximately $16 billion in exchange for approximately 77 percent of the outstanding shares of Flipkart Group ("Flipkart"). The investment includes $2 billion of new equity funding. Closing is expected later this calendar year, and is subject to regulatory approval. To finance the acquisition, the Company intends to use a combination of newly issued debt and cash on hand.  Upon regulatory approval and the transaction closing, the Company would consolidate the financial statements of Flipkart with the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In June 2018, the Company agreed to sell an 80 percent stake of Walmart Brazil to Advent International ("Advent").  Under the terms, the Company would receive up to $250 million in contingent consideration, Advent would contribute additional capital to the business over a three-year period, and Walmart would provide an indemnification for pre-closing tax and legal contingencies, as well as certain other matters.  Due to its decision to sell, the Company will record an estimated net loss of approximately $4.5 billion in the second quarter of fiscal 2019, a significant portion of which is due to the recognition of cumulative foreign currency translation losses.  The transaction is subject to regulatory approval and is expected to close in the second half of fiscal 2019.  Upon closing, the Company would deconsolidate the financial statements of Walmart Brazil and account for its remaining 20 percent ownership interest as an equity method investment.
v3.8.0.1
Segments
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Segment Reporting Information, Profit (Loss) [Abstract]  
Segments
Segments and Disaggregated Revenue
Segments
The Company is engaged in the operation of retail, wholesale and other units, as well as eCommerce websites, located throughout the U.S., Africa, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Central America, Chile, China, India, Japan, Mexico and the United Kingdom. The Company's operations are conducted in three reportable segments: Walmart U.S., Walmart International and Sam's Club. The Company defines its segments as those operations whose results the chief operating decision maker ("CODM") regularly reviews to analyze performance and allocate resources. The Company sells similar individual products and services in each of its segments. It is impractical to segregate and identify revenues for each of these individual products and services entity wide.
The Walmart U.S. segment includes the Company's mass merchant concept in the U.S., as well as eCommerce. The Walmart International segment consists of the Company's operations outside of the U.S., as well as eCommerce. The Sam's Club segment includes the warehouse membership clubs in the U.S., as well as eCommerce. Corporate and support consists of corporate overhead and other items not allocated to any of the Company's segments.
The Company measures the results of its segments using, among other measures, each segment's net sales and operating income, which includes certain corporate overhead allocations. From time to time, the Company revises the measurement of each segment's operating income, including any corporate overhead allocations, as determined by the information regularly reviewed by its CODM. In fiscal 2019, the Company revised certain of its corporate overhead allocations to the operating segments and, accordingly, revised prior period amounts for comparability.
Net sales by segment are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
(Amounts in millions)
 
2018

2017
Net sales:
 
 
 
 
Walmart U.S.
 
$
77,748

 
$
75,436

Walmart International
 
30,260

 
27,097

Sam's Club
 
13,622

 
13,993

Net sales
 
$
121,630

 
$
116,526


Operating income by segment, as well as operating loss for corporate and support, interest, net, and unrealized (gains) and losses are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
(Amounts in millions)
 
2018

2017
Operating income (loss):
 
 
 
 
Walmart U.S.
 
$
3,927

 
$
4,052

Walmart International
 
1,265

 
1,139

Sam's Club
 
325

 
399

Corporate and support
 
(363
)
 
(353
)
Operating income
 
5,154

 
5,237

Interest, net
 
487

 
563

Unrealized (gains) and losses
 
1,845

 

Income before income taxes
 
$
2,822

 
$
4,674


Disaggregated Revenues
In the following tables, segment net sales are disaggregated by either merchandise category or market. In addition, net sales related to eCommerce are provided for each segment, which include omni-channel sales, where a customer initiates an order online and the order is fulfilled through a store or club.
(Amounts in millions)
 
Three Months Ended
April 30, 2018
Walmart U.S. net sales by merchandise category
 
Grocery
 
$
43,860

General merchandise
 
24,174

Health and wellness
 
9,128

Other categories
 
586

Total
 
$
77,748


Of Walmart U.S.'s total net sales, approximately $3.2 billion relates to eCommerce for the three months ended April 30, 2018.
(Amounts in millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 April 30, 2018
Walmart International net sales by market
 
Mexico and Central America
 
$
7,684

United Kingdom
 
7,515

Canada
 
4,254

China
 
3,205

Other
 
7,602

Total
 
$
30,260


Of International's total net sales, approximately $1.0 billion relates to eCommerce for the three months ended April 30, 2018.
(Amounts in millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 April 30, 2018
Sam’s Club net sales by merchandise category
 
Grocery and consumables
 
$
8,012

Fuel, tobacco and other categories
 
2,919

Home and apparel
 
1,202

Health and wellness
 
801

Technology, office and entertainment
 
688

Total
 
$
13,622


Of Sam's Club's total net sales, approximately $0.6 billion relates to eCommerce for the three months ended April 30, 2018.
v3.8.0.1
Accounting Policies Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies [Text Block]
Basis of Presentation
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of Walmart Inc. and its subsidiaries ("Walmart" or the "Company") and the accompanying notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are unaudited. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for the fair presentation of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been included. Such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, and the accompanying notes, are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP") and do not contain certain information included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2018 ("fiscal 2018"). Therefore, the interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with that Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are based on a fiscal year ending January 31 for the United States ("U.S.") and Canadian operations. The Company consolidates all other operations generally using a one-month lag and based on a calendar year. There were no intervening events during the month of April related to the operations consolidated using a lag that materially affected the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
The Company's business is seasonal to a certain extent due to calendar events and national and religious holidays, as well as weather patterns. Historically, the Company's highest sales volume and operating income have occurred in the fiscal quarter ending January 31.
Fair Value Measurement, Policy [Policy Text Block]
Fair Value Measurement
In January 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-01, Financial Instruments–Overall (Topic 825), which updates certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial instruments ("ASU 2016-01"). The Company adopted this ASU on February 1, 2018, which primarily impacts the Company's accounting for its investment in JD.com ("JD") and resulted in a positive adjustment to retained earnings of approximately $2.6 billion, net of tax, based on the market value of the Company's investment in JD at January 31, 2018. The adoption requires changes in fair value of the Company's investment in JD to be recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income.
The Company records and discloses certain financial and non-financial assets and liabilities at fair value. The fair value of an asset is the price at which the asset could be sold in an orderly transaction between unrelated, knowledgeable and willing parties able to engage in the transaction. The fair value of a liability is the amount that would be paid to transfer the liability to a new obligor in a transaction between such parties, not the amount that would be paid to settle the liability with the creditor. Refer to Note 5 for additional fair value disclosures.
Revenue Recognition, Policy [Policy Text Block]
Revenue Recognition
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). This ASU is a comprehensive new revenue recognition model that requires a company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to a customer at an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The Company adopted the ASU on February 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective approach and applied the ASU only to contracts not completed as of February 1, 2018. Updated accounting policies and other disclosures are below. Note 11 provides the related disaggregated revenue disclosures. The impact of adopting the ASU was not material to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Sales
The Company recognizes sales revenue, net of sales taxes and estimated sales returns, at the time it sells merchandise to the customer. eCommerce sales include shipping revenue and are recorded upon delivery to the customer. Additionally, estimated sales returns are calculated based on expected returns.
Membership Fee Revenue
The Company recognizes membership fee revenue both in the U.S. and internationally over the term of the membership, which is typically 12 months. Membership fee revenue is included in membership and other income in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. The deferred membership fee is included in accrued liabilities in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Gift cards
Customer purchases of gift cards, to be utilized at the Company's stores or eCommerce websites, are not recognized as sales until the card is redeemed and the customer purchases merchandise using the gift card. Gift cards in the U.S. and some countries do not carry an expiration date; therefore, customers and members can redeem their gift cards for merchandise indefinitely. Gift cards in some foreign countries where the Company does business have expiration dates. While gift cards are generally redeemed within 12 months, a certain number of gift cards, both with and without expiration dates, will not be fully redeemed. Management estimates unredeemed gift cards and recognizes revenue for these amounts in membership and other income in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income over the expected redemption period. Management periodically reviews and updates its estimates.
Financial and Other Services
The Company recognizes revenue from service transactions at the time the service is performed. Generally, revenue from services is classified as a component of net sales in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
New accounting pronouncements, policy
Income taxes
In December 2017, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("SAB 118"), in response to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 ("Tax Act"). The Company recorded a provisional benefit, as allowed by SAB 118, of $207 million during fiscal 2018 and an additional provisional benefit of $142 million during the three months ended April 30, 2018. Management is still evaluating the Tax Act, but expects to complete the analysis within the allowable measurement period of one year from the enactment date.
In February 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update ASU 2018-02, Income Statement–Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income ("ASU 2018-02"). The ASU provides that the stranded tax effects from the Tax Act in accumulated other comprehensive loss may be reclassified to retained earnings. The Company adopted this ASU on February 1, 2018, which resulted in an immaterial negative adjustment to retained earnings.
Restricted cash
In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows–Restricted Cash (Topic 230), which requires restricted cash to be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning and ending amounts on the statement of cash flows. The Company adopted this ASU on February 1, 2018. Restricted cash held outside of cash and cash equivalents is primarily recorded in other-long term assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and was approximately $0.3 billion as of April 30, 2018, January 31, 2018 and April 30, 2017.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires lease assets and liabilities to be recorded on the balance sheet. Certain qualitative and quantitative disclosures are also required, as well as retrospective recognition and measurement of impacted leases. The Company will adopt this ASU on February 1, 2019 and is implementing new lease systems in connection with the adoption. Management is progressing with implementation and continuing to evaluate the effect to the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and disclosures. Management expects a material impact to the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments–Credit Losses (Topic 326), which modifies the measurement of expected credit losses of certain financial instruments. The Company will adopt this ASU on February 1, 2020. Management is currently evaluating this ASU to determine its impact to the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and disclosures.
v3.8.0.1
Accounting Policies Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Tables)
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Contract with Customer, Asset and Liability [Table Text Block]
The following table provides the Company's receivables and deferred gift card revenue from transactions with customers:
(Amounts in millions)
 
As of April 30, 2018
Assets:
 
 
Receivables from transactions with customers, net
 
$
2,025

Liabilities:
 
 
Deferred gift card revenue
 
$
2,014

v3.8.0.1
Net Income Per Common Share (Tables)
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Earnings Per Share [Abstract]  
Schedule of calculation of numerator and denominator in earnings per share
The following table provides a reconciliation of the numerators and denominators used to determine basic and diluted net income per common share attributable to Walmart:
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
(Amounts in millions, except per share data)
 
2018
 
2017
Numerator
 
 
 
 
Consolidated net income
 
$
2,276

 
$
3,152

Consolidated net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
(142
)
 
(113
)
Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart
 
$
2,134

 
$
3,039

 
 
 
 
 
Denominator
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding, basic
 
2,950

 
3,035

Dilutive impact of stock options and other share-based awards
 
17

 
12

Weighted-average common shares outstanding, diluted
 
2,967

 
3,047


 
 
 
 
Net income per common share attributable to Walmart
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.72

 
$
1.00

Diluted
 
0.72

 
1.00

v3.8.0.1
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss (Tables)
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Tax [Abstract]  
Composition of accumulated other comprehensive loss
The following table provides the changes in the composition of total accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three months ended April 30, 2018:
(Amounts in millions and net of income taxes)
 
Currency 
Translation and Other
 
Unrealized Gain on Available-for-Sale Securities
 
Net Investment Hedges
 
Cash Flow Hedges
 
Minimum
Pension 
Liability
 
Total
Balances as of February 1, 2018
 
$
(12,136
)
 
$
1,646

 
$
1,030

 
$
122

 
$
(843
)
 
$
(10,181
)
Adoption of new accounting standards on February 1, 2018(1) (2)
 
89

 
(1,646
)
 
93

 
28

 

 
(1,436
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications, net(1)
 
1,302

 

 
68

 
(86
)
 
32

 
1,316

Reclassifications to income, net(1)
 

 

 

 
9

 
11

 
20

Balances as of April 30, 2018
 
$
(10,745
)
 
$

 
$
1,191

 
$
73

 
$
(800
)
 
$
(10,281
)
(1) Income tax impact is immaterial
(2) Primarily relates to the adoption of ASU 2016-01 and ASU 2018-02
v3.8.0.1
Long-term Debt (Tables)
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Long-term Debt, by Current and Noncurrent [Abstract]  
Schedule of long-term debt instruments
The following table provides the changes in the Company's long-term debt for the three months ended April 30, 2018:
(Amounts in millions)
 
Long-term debt due within one year
 
Long-term debt
 
Total
Balances as of February 1, 2018
 
$
3,738

 
$
30,045

 
$
33,783

Repayments of long-term debt
 
(2,521
)
 

 
(2,521
)
Reclassifications of long-term debt
 
364

 
(364
)
 

Other
 
(5
)
 
(204
)
 
(209
)
Balances as of April 30, 2018
 
$
1,576

 
$
29,477

 
$
31,053

Schedule of long-term debt repaid and matured
The following table provides details of debt repayments during the three months ended April 30, 2018:
(Amounts in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maturity Date
 
Principal Amount
 
Fixed vs. Floating
 
Interest Rate
 
Repayment
February 15, 2018
 
500 USD
 
Fixed
 
5.800%
 
$
500

February 15, 2018
 
750 USD
 
Fixed
 
5.800%
 
750

April 11, 2018
 
1,250 USD
 
Fixed
 
1.125%
 
1,250

Various
 
21 USD
 
Various
 
Various
 
21

Total repayment of matured debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
2,521



v3.8.0.1
Fair Value Measurements (Tables)
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Fair Value, Assets and Liabilities Measured on Recurring and Nonrecurring Basis [Line Items]  
Investment in JD
The investment in JD cost basis, fair value at April 30, 2018 and February 1, 2018, and carrying value at January 31, 2018, are as follows:
(Amounts in millions)
 
Cost Basis
 
Carrying Value as of January 31, 2018
 
Fair Value as of February 1, 2018
 
 
Fair Value as of April 30, 2018
 
Investment in JD measured using Level 1 inputs
 
$
1,901

 
$
3,547

 
$
3,547

(1) 
 
$
2,631

 
Investment in JD measured using Level 2 inputs
 
1,490

 
1,490

 
3,559

(2) 
 
2,637

 
Total
 
$
3,391

 
$
5,037

 
$
7,106

 
 
$
5,268

(3) 
(1) Fair value was already recognized on the balance sheet. Upon adoption of the new financial instrument standard on February 1, 2018, the excess of fair value over cost was reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss to retained earnings.
(2) Upon adoption of the new financial instrument standard on February 1, 2018, the excess of fair value over cost was recognized by increasing the carrying value of the asset and retained earnings.
(3) The decrease in fair value from February 1, 2018 to April 30, 2018 of $1.8 billion was recognized in net income and included in unrealized gains and losses on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
Notional amounts and fair values of derivatives
As of April 30, 2018 and January 31, 2018, the notional amounts and fair values of these derivatives were as follows:
 
April 30, 2018
 
January 31, 2018
(Amounts in millions)
Notional Amount
 
Fair Value
 
Notional Amount
 
Fair Value
Receive fixed-rate, pay variable-rate interest rate swaps designated as fair value hedges
$
4,000

 
$
(145
)
 
$
4,000

 
$
(91
)
Receive fixed-rate, pay fixed-rate cross-currency swaps designated as net investment hedges
2,250

 
217

 
2,250

 
208

Receive fixed-rate, pay fixed-rate cross-currency swaps designated as cash flow hedges
4,395

 
131

 
4,523

 
205

Total
$
10,645

 
$
203

 
$
10,773

 
$
322

Carrying value and fair value of long-term debt
The carrying value and fair value of the Company's long-term debt as of April 30, 2018 and January 31, 2018, are as follows: 
 
 
April 30, 2018
 
January 31, 2018
(Amounts in millions)
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
Long-term debt, including amounts due within one year
 
$
31,053

 
$
34,770

 
$
33,783

 
$
38,766

v3.8.0.1
Derivative Financial Instruments (Tables)
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Summary of Derivative Instruments [Abstract]  
Schedule of derivative instruments in statement of financial position, fair value
The Company's derivative instruments, as well as its nonderivative debt instruments designated and qualifying as net investment hedges, were classified as follows in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
 
April 30, 2018
 
January 31, 2018
(Amounts in millions)
Fair Value
Instruments
 
Net Investment
Instruments
 
Cash Flow
Instruments
 
Fair Value
Instruments
 
Net Investment
Instruments
 
Cash Flow
Instruments
Derivative instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other long-term assets
$

 
$
217

 
$
252

 
$

 
$
208

 
$
300

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred income taxes and other
145

 

 
121

 
91

 

 
95

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nonderivative hedging instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt

 
3,975

 

 

 
4,041

 

v3.8.0.1
Share Repurchases (Tables)
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Class of Stock Disclosures [Abstract]  
Schedule of Company's share repurchases
The following table provides, on a settlement date basis, the number of shares repurchased, average price paid per share and total amount paid for share repurchases for the three months ended April 30, 2018 and 2017:
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
(Amounts in millions, except per share data)
 
2018
 
2017
Total number of shares repurchased
 
5.5

 
31.1

Average price paid per share
 
$
97.75

 
$
70.25

Total amount paid for share repurchases
 
$
539

 
$
2,185

v3.8.0.1
Common Stock Dividends (Tables)
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Dividends, Common Stock [Abstract]  
Common stock dividends, record date and payable date
For fiscal 2019, the annual dividend will be paid in four quarterly installments of $0.52 per share, according to the following record and payable dates:
Record Date
  
Payable Date
March 9, 2018
  
April 2, 2018
May 11, 2018
  
June 4, 2018
August 10, 2018
  
September 4, 2018
December 7, 2018
  
January 2, 2019

v3.8.0.1
Contingencies Schedule of FCPA Expenses (Tables)
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  
Foreign corrupt practices act expenses
For the three months ended April 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred the following third-party expenses in connection with the FCPA investigation and related matters:
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
(Amounts in millions)
 
2018
 
2017
Ongoing inquiries and investigations
 
$
4

 
$
13

Global compliance program and organizational enhancements
 
3

 
3

Total
 
$
7

 
$
16

v3.8.0.1
Segments (Tables)
3 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2018
Disaggregation of Revenue [Line Items]  
Segment Net Sales
Net sales by segment are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
(Amounts in millions)
 
2018

2017
Net sales:
 
 
 
 
Walmart U.S.
 
$
77,748

 
$
75,436

Walmart International
 
30,260

 
27,097

Sam's Club
 
13,622

 
13,993

Net sales
 
$
121,630

 
$
116,526

Operating Income by Segment, Interest, Net, and Unrealized (Gains) and Losses
Operating income by segment, as well as operating loss for corporate and support, interest, net, and unrealized (gains) and losses are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
(Amounts in millions)
 
2018

2017
Operating income (loss):
 
 
 
 
Walmart U.S.
 
$
3,927